Zinc, Arkansas

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Zinc, Arkansas
Zinc, Arkansas, 1944
Zinc, Arkansas, 1944
Location of Zinc in Boone County, Arkansas.
Location of Zinc in Boone County, Arkansas.
Coordinates: 36°17′7″N 92°54′56″W / 36.28528°N 92.91556°W / 36.28528; -92.91556Coordinates: 36°17′7″N 92°54′56″W / 36.28528°N 92.91556°W / 36.28528; -92.91556
CountryUnited States
StateArkansas
CountyBoone
Area
 • Total0.75 sq mi (1.95 km2)
 • Land0.75 sq mi (1.94 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
879 ft (268 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total103
 • Estimate 
(2017)[2]
101
 • Density134.49/sq mi (51.95/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
72601
Area code(s)870
FIPS code05-77600
GNIS feature ID0058929

Zinc is a town near the east-central edge of Boone County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 103 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Harrison Micropolitan Statistical Area. A chapter of the Ku Klux Klan operates a training and information center in Zinc.

History[edit]

People of Zinc, c. 1935.

Zinc mining in the area gave the town its name.[3] Zinc and lead mining began in the 1890s and peaked during World War I (1914-1918). A post office was established in Zinc in 1900 and the town was incorporated in 1904.[4]

The town had a number of business establishments and a school in the 1920s, but a flood in 1927 caused damage to homes and businesses. Zinc's population was 188 in 1930 and declined thereafter. The last store closed in Zinc in the late 1960s and the post office closed in 1975.[5]

Zinc, in the 21st century, became the headquarters of a chapter of the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan (KKK),[5] classified as a hate group by the Anti-Defamation League and the Southern Poverty Law Center[6] The "Christian Revival Center" near Zinc belongs to a preacher who is also the leader of the Knights of the KKK. The center hosts events connected with the KKK, including in 2013 a "Klan Kamp" called the "Soldiers of the Cross Training Institute" to instill "the tools to become actively involved" in the "struggle for our racial redemption" [7]

Other activities of the KKK near Zinc include the erection of signs along highways with messages such as "Diversity is a code for #whitegenocide".[8]

National Historic Sites[edit]

The Elliott and Anna Barham House, a historic residence in Zinc, Arkansas, September 2018

Two National Historic Sites are located in the town: the Elliott and Anna Barham House and the Zinc Swinging Bridge.

Geography[edit]

Zinc is located at 36°17′7″N 92°54′56″W / 36.28528°N 92.91556°W / 36.28528; -92.91556 (36.285384, -92.915419), approximately nine miles east in straight-line distance from the county seat of Harrison.[9] According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.9 km² (0.8 mi²), all land.

Zinc is in the Ozark region and has an elevation of 268 metres (879 ft).[10]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910173
1920144−16.8%
193018830.6%
1940119−36.7%
195099−16.8%
196068−31.3%
197058−14.7%
198011394.8%
199091−19.5%
200076−16.5%
201010335.5%
Est. 2017101[2]−1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[12] of 2010, there were 103 people, 37 households, and 23 families residing in the town. The population density was 39.1/km² (101.8/mi²). There were 35 housing units at an average density of 18.0/km² (46.9/mi²). The racial makeup of the town was 88.3% White, 1% Black or African American, and 8.7% from two or more races. 1.9% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 37 households out of which 64.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.2% were married couples living together, 16.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.6% were non-families. 19.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.79.

In the town, the population was spread out with 18.4% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 25.0% from 25 to 44, 38.2% from 45 to 64, and 11.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females, there were 145.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 148.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $20,036, and the median income for a family was $18,250. Males had a median income of $10,194 versus $5,250 for females. The per capita income for the town was $9,999. There were 35.8% of families and 25.9% of the population living below the poverty line, including 43.0% of under eighteens and 63.7% of those over 64.

School district[edit]

Zinc, along with Bergman, is within the Bergman School District.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 22, 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  3. ^ "Colorful Names". Arkansas Department of Parks & Tourism. Archived from the original on November 24, 2013. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  4. ^ "Zinc (Boone County), The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture, http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=6203, accessed 18 Aug 2017
  5. ^ a b http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=6203, accessed 18 Aug 2017
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 3, 2012. Retrieved 2013-07-09.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) and the Southern Poverty Law Center
  7. ^ Southern Poverty Law Center. https://www.splcenter.org/fighting-hate/extremist-files/individual/thomas-robb
  8. ^ Schulte, Bret (April 3, 2017), "The Alt-Right of the Ozarks," Slate, http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/politics/2017/04/what_harrison_arkansas_fight_with_the_kkk_says_about_the_alt_right.html, accessed 19 Aug 2017
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.; Google Earth
  10. ^ Google Earth
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  13. ^ School District Reference Map (2010 Census): Boone County, AR (PDF) (Map). US Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-06-28.

External links[edit]