Zinnia peruviana

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Peruvian zinnia
Peruvian Zinnia (Zinnia peruviana) (12008612756).jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Zinnia
Species: Z. peruviana
Binomial name
Zinnia peruviana
(L.) L.

Zinnia peruviana, common name Peruvian zinnia, is an annual flowering plant in the family Asteraceae.


It is native to the West Indies and Latin America, including northern Mexico and the Greater Antilles, and as far south as Paraguay. It is also widely cultivated as an ornamental and is naturalized in many places, among which China, India, Australia, Africa, and the United States, including Hawai'i.[2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14]


flower head

Zinnia peruviana is an annual herb sometimes as much as 100 cm (40 inches) tall. Leaves are broadly egg-shaped or lance-shaped, up to 7 cm (2.8 inches) long. The plant produces one flower head per flower stalk, each head with 7-21 red or maroon ray florets surrounding 15-20 yellow disc florets.[15]


  1. ^ The Plant List, Zinnia peruviana (L.) L.
  2. ^ Starr Environmental, Plants of Hawai'i, Zinnia peruviana (Zinnia, pua pihi)
  3. ^ "PLANTS Profile for Zinnia peruviana (Peruvian zinnia) | United States Department of Agriculture plants profile". Plants.usda.gov. Retrieved 2012-07-22. 
  4. ^ Flowers of India
  5. ^ Atlas of Living Australia
  6. ^ Flora of Zimbabwe, Zinnia peruviana (L.) L.
  7. ^ Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map
  8. ^ Hokche, O., P. E. Berry & O. Huber. (eds.) 2008. Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela 1–859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela, Caracas
  9. ^ Strother, J. L. 1999. Compositae–Heliantheae s. l. 5: 1–232. In D.E. Breedlove (ed.) Flora of Chiapas. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco
  10. ^ Gibbs Russell, G. E., W. G. M. Welman, E. Retief, K. L. Immelman, G. Germishuizen, B. J. Pienaar, M. Van Wyk & A. Nicholas. 1987. List of species of southern African plants. Memoirs of the Botanical Survey of South Africa 2(1–2): 1–152(pt. 1), 1–270(pt. 2).
  11. ^ Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez. (eds.) 1999. Catálogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i–viii, 1–1181
  12. ^ Lawesson, J. E., H. Adsersen & P. Bentley. 1987. An updated and annotated check list of the vascular plants of the Galápagos Islands. Reports from the Botanical Institute, University of Aarhus 16: 1–74
  13. ^ Saravia Miranda, E. F. 1996. Estudio de la Vegetación de las Partes Altas de las Provincias Campero y Mizque (Cochabamba) i–v, 1–92. Tesis, Universidad Mayor de San Simón, Cochabamba
  14. ^ Flora of China, Zinnia peruviana Linnaeus, 1759. 多花百日菊 duo hua bai ri ju
  15. ^ Flora of North America, Zinnia peruviana (Linnaeus) Linnaeus, 1759. Peruvian zinnia

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