Zalman Efraimovich Khrapinovich
21 September 1916
|Died||18 November 1996 (aged 80)|
|Occupation||Soviet/Russian theatre and cinema actor|
Zinovy Gerdt (Russian: Зино́вий Гердт, which is a pseudonym, his real name being Zalman Efraimovich Khrapinovich (За́лман Афро́имович Храпино́вич); 21 September 1916 in Sebezh, Russian Empire – 18 November 1996) was a Soviet/Russian theatre and cinema actor, recognized with the title People's Artist of the USSR.
Early life and education
Gerdt was born Zalman Efroimovich Khrapinovich on September 21, 1916 in the city of Sebezh in the Pskov Oblast. His father Afroim Yakovlevich Khrapinovich worked for some time in a fabrics shop as a clerk, and later as a salesman. Mother Rakhil Isaakovna was a housewife.
At 15, Gerdt graduated from a vocational school affiliated with the Valerian Kuybyshev Electrical Plant. He started working for Metrostroy as a metalworker-electrician. As a hobby, he was an actor the factory's Workers' Youth Theatre, also known as TRAM. In 1937 he began acting at the Puppet Theatre of Moscow House of Pioneers.
In 1945-1982 Gerdt was in the troupe of the Central Puppet Theater under the leadership of Sergei Obraztsov. He voiced many characters, the most famous one was the entertainer from the "Unusual Concert". He performed the role of the entertainer in different countries using the local language and was so convincing that the audiences always believed that the actor knew their language fluently: Gerdt perfectly mastered the art of onomatopoeia.
He had his cinematic debut in 1958 in an episodic role in the film Man from planet earth. Gerdt is known primarily as a master of episodic, mostly comedic roles. In total, to actor's credit are more than 70 films.
In the 1960s, he appeared in the films Michel and Mishutka (1961), Returned Music (1964), Want-Believe, Do not Want ... (1964), The Year As Life (1965), Green Light (1965), City of Masters (1965), Avdotya Pavlovna (1966), July Rain (1966), At the Thirteenth Hour of the Night (1968), Zigzag of Success (1969) and others.
Recognition of the public came to the actor after the first major roles - Kukushkin in the film Magician (1967, directed by Pyotr Todorovsky) and Panikovsky in the film adaptation of Ilya Ilf and Yevgeny Petrov's novel The Golden Calf (1968, directed by Mikhail Schweitzer).
In the 1970s, new films appeared with the participation of Gerdt: Taymyr Calls You (1970), Urban romance (1970), As Ilf and Petrov rode a tram (1971), Stoves of the shop (1972), Carnival (1972), The Car, the Violin and the Dog Spot (1974), The Straw Hat (1974), The Key without the Right to Transfer (1976), The Draw (1976), Walking through the Flours (1974) ), The Twelve Chairs (1977), The Life of Beethoven (1978), Three Men in a Boat (1979), The Meeting Place Cannot Be Changed (1979).
In the 1980s and 1990s, the actor continued to act actively in films: Adam marries Eve (1980), Say a Word for the Poor Hussar (1980), Fairy tales... fairy tales... fairy tales of the old Arbat (1982), I'll wait for you (1982), Boys (1983), Military field novel (1983), Mary Poppins, Goodbye (1989), The Bindly and the King (1989), Intergirl (1989), The Inferno and the King (1989), Childhood Themes (1991), Lost in Siberia (1990), I am Ivan, you are Abram (1993), Life and Extraordinary Adventures of Private Ivan Chonkin (1994), Simple-minded (1994), Inspector (1996) and others.
Zinovia Gerdt's first wife was Maria Ivanovna Novikova, whom he met at the theater studio. She gave him Vsevolod's son, born in 1945. With his second wife, Tatyana Pravdina, Zinovy Efimovich met in the Middle East in 1960 during a theatrical tour. She was an interpreter from Arabic, who was assigned to help the theater. At first, Tatiana negatively perceived Zinoviy's courtship, but then a romance ensued between them. Immediately after returning from the tour, they left their families and decided to get married. Their marriage lasted 36 years. From her first marriage, Tatyana Pravdina had a daughter - Ekaterina. Gerdt adopted her by giving her his name.
In Kiev, at the intersection of Proreznaya and Khreshchatyk streets, in 1998 a monument to Panikovsky (the character of the novel "The Golden Calf") was erected, the prototype of the monument was Zinoviy Gerdt, who played the role of Panikovsky in the adaptation of the novel.
In 2004, in the park of Sebezh, where the artist's parents' home was located, a foundation stone was installed at the site of the future monument, where local poets and artists hold creative meetings.
A monument in Sebezh by sculptor Oleg Ershov in honor of Zinovy Gerdt was revealed to the public in 2011.
In 2001, the first edition of the book "Zyama - it's Gerdt!" was published, in which Gerdt is remembered by Eldar Ryazanov, Eduard Uspensky, Pyotr Todorovsky, Arkady Arkanov, Grigory Gorin, Viktor Shenderovich and others. The authors of the book are Tatyana Pravdina and Yakov Groisman.
Honours and awards
- Honoured Artist of the RSFSR (1959)
- People's Artist of RSFSR (1969)
- Order of the Red Star 
- People's Artist of the USSR (1990)
- Award Kinotavr in nomination "The Prize of the Presidential Council for the creative career" (1996)
- Order of Merit for the Fatherland, 3rd class (1996)
- 1960 — 20,000 Leagues Across the Land as narrator (voice)
- 1962 — The Story of a Crime as narrator (voice)
- 1962 — Nine Days in One Year as narrator (voice)
- 1962 — Seven Nannies as Shamsky
- 1967 — Magician as Viktor Kukushkin
- 1968 — The Golden Calf as Panikovsky
- 1968 — Zigzag of Success as narrator (voice)
- 1968 — The Little Golden Calf as Mikhail Panikovsky
- 1970 — Two Days of Miracles as narrator (voice)
- 1971 — Dauria as Tsarist General Semenov
- 1972 — Taming of the Fire
- 1972 — We rode the tram Ilf and Petrov as Captain Mazuchcho, animal trainer
- 1974 — The Straw Hat as monsieur Tardivo
- 1975 — The Flight of Mr. McKinley as Mr. McKinley (voice)
- 1976 — The Twelve Chairs as narrator (voice)
- 1977 — Practical Joke as Karl Yolikov
- 1979 — The Meeting Place Cannot Be Changed
- 1979 — Three Men in a Boat as gravedigger
- 1980 — Rafferty as Alex Resser (voice)
- 1980 — Adventures of Captain Vrungel as Captain Christopher Bonifatievich Vrungel
- 1981 — Say a Word for the Poor Hussar as Lev Pertsovsky as dealer of parrots
- 1982 — Fairy tales... fairy tales... fairy tales of the old Arbat as Christopher
- 1983 — Boys as associated judge
- 1983 — Mary Poppins, Goodbye as Admiral Boom
- 1989 — Intergirl as Boris Semyonovich
- 1985 — The Fabulous Journey of Mr. Bilbo Baggins the Hobbit as Professor (John R. R. Tolkien).
- 1991 — Lost in Siberia as Levenson
- 1993 — Me Ivan, You Abraham as Zalman
- 1994 — Life and Extraordinary Adventures of Private Ivan Chonkin as Moisei Stalin
- 1997 — War is Over. Please Forget...
- Мне повезло… я из Себежа!
- "Зиновий Ефимович Гердт. Биографическая справка". RIA Novosti.
- "Зиновий Гердт, биография, новости, фото - узнай все!". uznayvse.
- Указ Президента СССР от 9 июля 1990 года № 353 «О присвоении почётного звания „Народный артист СССР" тов. Гердту З. Е.».
- "Интервью с Т. А. Правдиной". Izvestia.
- Матвей Гейзер «Зиновий Гердт» (ЖЗЛ)
- "Памятник Гердту - "штучному" человеку - открыт в Себеже". RIA Novosti.
- Зиновий Гердт, rusactors.ru; accessed 14 December 2015. (in Russian)
- Чистое имя; выгодный товар - Культура - Новая Газета [Wholesome name is a profitable good]. Novaya Gazeta (in Russian). Moscow. 28 October 2011. p. 17. Retrieved 30 October 2011.
- (см. поиск по фамилии — Храпинович Залман Афроимович)