Zion Square refrigerator bombing
|Zion Square refrigerator bombing|
Site of the attack, Kikar Zion
|Date||July 4, 1975|
|Deaths||15 Israeli civilians|
|77 Israeli civilians|
|Perpetrators||One Palestinian assailant (Ahmed Jabara). The Palestine Liberation Organization claimed responsibility.|
A Palestinian terrorist exploded a booby-trapped refrigerator which contained five kilograms of explosives in Zion Square in the center of Jerusalem, killing 15 people and wounding 77. A Jewish passerby, Shabtai Levi, helped the terrorist hoist the refrigerator onto the sidewalk. The refrigerator aroused the suspicions of Esther Landner and Yehuda Warshovsky, who worked near Zion Square. Landner called the police but as she was answering their questions, the refrigerator blew up.
Among the dead were Rivka (née Soifer) Ben-Yitzhak, 35, an American citizen, and her husband, Michael, who left behind two small children. The Ben-Yitzhak Award, presented annually to an outstanding children's book illustrator by the Israel Museum, was established in their memory. Daoud Khoury, an Arab accountant at the King David Hotel, was also killed in the attack.
Palestinian militant group PLO claimed responsibility for the attack. Later on it was revealed that the attack was executed by the Arab-American Ahmed Jabara, aka Abu Sukar, whom originated from Turmus Ayya. Jabara was assisted by Bassem Tabila of Nablus, who fled to Jordan before he could be arrested.
Following an investigation by Shin Bet and the Israel Police, Jabara was arrested and put on trial before a military court in June 1977. He was convicted and sentenced to life in prison and an additional 30 years.
In 2003, Ahmed Jabara was released from prison after having served 27 years, after the Israeli government freed him as a gesture to Yasser Arafat. Shortly after his release, Jabara called for the kidnapping of Israeli soldiers at a rally in Bethlehem that was widely covered by the Palestinian media. Arafat subsequently appointed him adviser on prisoner affairs. Jabara died of a heart attack in Ramallah on July 17, 2013, at age 78.
- Sheleg, Yair (3 December 2001). "A short history of terror". Haaretz. Archived from the original on 2009-05-19.
- "ZOA call to indict killer of U.S. citizen".[dead link]
- Ben-Yitzhak Award[dead link]
- Bronner, Ethan (6 March 2010). "Palestinian Sees Lesson Translating an Israeli's Work". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2012-11-15.
- Shin Bet tells how murderer of 14 was caught and freed[dead link]
- "The Refrigerator Bomb Explosion Case in Jerusalem (1975)". Israel Security Agency. 2010. Archived from the original on 2013-12-16.
- Bedein, David (12 August 2003). "Freeing terrorists". Israel Resource Review.
- Levy, Elior (17 July 2013). "1975 Jerusalem bombing terrorist passes away in Ramallah". Israel News. Archived from the original on 2013-12-16.