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Zionist Organization of Canada

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Zionist Organization of Canada
Merged intoCanadian Zionist Federation
Established1899 (1899)
Founded atMontreal, Quebec
Dissolved1978; 46 years ago (1978)
HeadquartersMontreal (1898–1970)
Toronto (1970–1978)[1]
Formerly called
Federation of Zionist Societies of Canada (1898–1921)

The Zionist Organization of Canada was a political and philanthropic organization[2] that acted as the official voice of Zionism in Canada from 1898 until 1978. It was a member of the World Zionist Organization.[3] It was known as the Federation of Zionist Societies of Canada until 1921.



The Federation of Zionist Societies of Canada was founded in Montreal in 1898, a year after the First Zionist Congress was held in Basel, with Clarence I. de Sola as its first president.[4] It held its first general meeting in November 1899.[5] By 1907, the Federation had chapters in 42 cities and towns across Canada.[6]

The organization changed its name to the Zionist Organization of Canada (ZOC) in 1921.[7] By the 1930s, it was the largest Zionist group in Canada.[8] Until Canadian Jewish Congress was reconstituted in 1934, the ZOC also acted as a representative organization for Canadian Jewry.[9]

The ZOC ran regular programming and published a periodical, The Canadian Zionist.[1] It fundraised for the Keren Hayesod, the Jewish National Fund, and the United Israel Appeal.[7] The ZOC also oversaw organizations like Canadian Hadassah-WIZO and Young Judaea.[1][10]

The ZOC moved to Toronto in 1970. It was dissolved in 1978, and its functions were absorbed by the Canadian Zionist Federation.[1]




  1. ^ a b c d "Zionist Organization of Canada". Ontario Jewish Archives: Celebrating 50 Years. Retrieved February 18, 2024.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Tapper, Lawrence. "Finding Aid No. 944" (1979). Zionist Organization of Canada, ID: MG-28-V-81. Public Archives of Canada, Manuscript Division.
  3. ^ Edelheit, H. (2019). History of Zionism: A Handbook and Dictionary. Taylor & Francis. p. 385. ISBN 978-0-429-72104-5.
  4. ^ Tulchinsky, Gerald J. J. (1998). "De Sola, Clarence Isaac". In Cook, Ramsay; Hamelin, Jean (eds.). Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Vol. XIV (1911–1920) (online ed.). University of Toronto Press.
  5. ^ "Zionist Organization of Canada: Minute Books". Canadiana Heritage. Retrieved February 18, 2024.
  6. ^ Brown, Michael (1982). "Divergent Paths: Early Zionism in Canada and the United States". Jewish Social Studies. 44 (2): 149–168. ISSN 0021-6704. JSTOR 4467168.
  7. ^ a b "Zionist Organization of Canada (ZOC)". Ontario Jewish Archives. Retrieved February 18, 2024.
  8. ^ Bercuson, D. J. (1985). Canada and the Birth of Israel: A Study in Canadian Foreign Policy. University of Toronto Press. p. 483. ISBN 978-1-4426-3352-0.
  9. ^ Glass, Joseph B. (2001). "Isolation and Alienation: Factors in the Growth of Zionism in the Canadian Prairies, 1917–1939". Canadian Jewish Studies / Études Juives Canadiennes. 9: 85–86. doi:10.25071/1916-0925.19928.
  10. ^ Tulchinsky, Gerald J. J. (2008). Canada's Jews: A People's Journey. University of Toronto Press. pp. 328–367. ISBN 978-0-8020-9386-8.
  11. ^ Azrieli, D. J.; King, J.; Troy, G. (2008). Rekindling the Torch: The Story of Canadian Zionism. Key Porter Books. ISBN 978-1-55263-977-1.
  12. ^ Fenson, Melvin (1974–1975). "Canada". The American Jewish Year Book. 75: 330. JSTOR 23604252.
  13. ^ "Canada Choice". The Jewish News. Vol. 29, no. 12. East Orange, New Jersey. March 27, 1975. p. 20.