Guiyang Miao

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Guiyang Miao
Native to China
Region Guizhou
Native speakers
190,000 (1995)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Variously:
huj – Northern
hmy – Southern
hmg – Southwestern
Glottolog guiy1235[2]

Guiyang Miao, also known as Guiyang Hmong, is a Miao language of China. It is named after Guiyang County, Guizhou, though not all varieties are spoken there. The endonym is Hmong, a name it shares with the Hmong language.


Guiyang was given as a subgroup of Western Hmongic in Wang (1985).[3] Matisoff (2001) separated the three varieties as distinct Miao languages, not forming a group. Wang (1994) adds another two minor, previously unclassified varieties.[4]

  • Northern
  • Southern
  • Southwestern
  • Northwestern (Qianxi 黔西)
  • Mid-Southern (Ziyun 紫云)

Mo Piu may also be a variety of Guiyang Miao.

Representative dialects of Guiyang Miao include:[5]


  1. ^ Northern at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Southern at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Southwestern at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Guiyang". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ 王辅世主编,《苗语简志》,民族出版社,1985年。
  4. ^ 李云兵,《苗语方言划分遗留问题研究》,中央民族大学出版社,2000年。
  5. ^ Mortensen, David (2004). “The Development of Tone Sandhi in Western Hmongic: A New Hypothesis”. Unpublished, UC Berkeley.