View of the town from Biskupská Kupa mountain
|Name origin: Gold(en) mountain|
|Elevation||390 m (1,280 ft)|
|Area||85.94 km2 (33.18 sq mi)|
|Density||47/km2 (122/sq mi)|
|- summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Zlaté Hory (Czech pronunciation: [ˈzlatɛː ˈɦorɪ]; until 1948 Cukmantl, German: Zuckmantel) is a town in the Jeseník District, Olomouc Region, Czech Republic, on the border with Poland. It has a population of 4,447 (2006). The town was founded in 1224.
According to the Austrian census of 1910 the town had 4,520 inhabitants, 4,341 of whom had permanent residence there. Census asked people for their native language, 4,341 (100%) were German-speaking. Most populous religious group were Roman Catholics with 4,441 (98.3%).
The town has a long history of gold mining. First written accounts are from the 13th century but scientists estimate that gold mining there began already at the end of the 10th century. In 1990', mining operations were stopped as they were no longer profitable. However, as of 2015[update], there is a possibility that the mines will be opened again because the price of gold (in USD) has risen five times since then. The estimated amount of gold in the mines is from 3 to 9 tons. The Czech name Zlaté hory can be translated as Golden Mountains.
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Places of interest
- the main square with listed buildings
- the church of the Ascension of Virgin Mary
- the chapel of Saint Roch
- Edelštejn, Leuchtenštejn a Kobrštejn - ruins of the castles
- the church of Virgin Mary, the Helpful
- Biskupská kupa with a view-tower of Franz Josef
The German World War II panzer ace Kurt Knispel was born in nearby Salisfeld (Salisov). Knispel was the highest scoring tank ace of World War II with a total of 168 confirmed tank kills.
Twin towns — Sister cities
Zlaté Hory is twinned with:
- Kętrzyn, Poland
- Głuchołazy, Poland
- Vodňany, Czech Republic
- Prague 1, Czech Republic
- Mikulovice, Czech Republic
- Ludwig Patryn (ed): Die Ergebnisse der Volkszählung vom 31. Dezember 1910 in Schlesien, Troppau 1912.
- Procházka, Petr (2007), Příběhy z pohraničí (1st ed.), Jeseník: Hnutí Brontosaurus Jeseníky, p. 74
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