Zlatograd - Ethnological Complex
|Elevation||521 m (1,709 ft)|
|Population (December 2009)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
Zlatograd (Bulgarian: Златоград, literally Gold town) is a town in Smolyan Province, Southern-central Bulgaria. It is the administrative centre of the homonymous Zlatograd Municipality. As of December 2009, the town has a population of 7,110 inhabitants.
It is located 60 km away from the province centre of Smolyan. The Greek border lies just 5 km away from the town and on 15 January 2010 the cross-border Zlatograd - Thermes (Greece) road was inaugurated.
During the rule of the Ottoman Empire, the area was a township of the Ottoman Sanjak of Gümülcine in Adrianople Vilayet between 1867 and 1912 known as Darıdere. The town still retains its characteristic Ottoman-era architecture, with numerous old buildings as well as two 19th-century Orthodox churches and a mosque.
Zlatograd is located in a valley between the eastern and central massif of the Rhodope mountains.
The territory of the municipality is crossed by Varbitza river which is 98.1 km long and its catchment basin is 1202.8 km. Nedelinska and Kushlenska rivers are tributaries of Varbitza. There is a dam lake called "Zlatograd" with water capacity of 4,4.106 m . and a micro dam lake called "Hasidere" (0,4.106 m).
Forest covers an area of 144.60 km². Species including beech, hornbeam, oak, birch and cornel-tree are mostly spread among the broad-leaved forests. Prevailing coniferous trees are spruce, fir-tree, white and black pine. Agriculture covers 25 km² and the arable land is 12 km². The cultures grown in the municipality are tobacco, potatoes, vegetables and strawberries (representatives of perennial plants). There is a tailings pond called "Erma Reka" which is 8 km away from the town of Zlatograd and 5 km away from the village of Erma Reka. The municipality is rich in underground resources. In the surroundings of Erma Reka there is a geothermal deposit of hot mineral water. Soils are maroon forest leached (97.59 km²); brown forest-dark (12 km²); brown forest-transient (83.37 km²); brown forest light (117.59 km²); alluvial-delluvial (0.59 km²); humus-carbonate (11.07 km²);
The rate of unemployment is 32.64%,[when?] which is the highest since 1990. The active population is 8,063 citizens of whom 50,97% are employed in the public sector and 49.03% in the private sector.
Orthodox church "Saint George" - Zlatograd.
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- (in English) Bulgarian National Statistical Institute - towns in 2009 Archived November 13, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.