Znojmo

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Znojmo
View from the south
View from the south
Flag of Znojmo
Flag
Coat of arms of Znojmo
Coat of arms
Znojmo is located in Czech Republic
Znojmo
Znojmo
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 48°51′20″N 16°2′56″E / 48.85556°N 16.04889°E / 48.85556; 16.04889Coordinates: 48°51′20″N 16°2′56″E / 48.85556°N 16.04889°E / 48.85556; 16.04889
Country Czech Republic
RegionSouth Moravia
DistrictZnojmo
Foundedbetween 1222–1225
Government
 • MayorJakub Malačka
Area
 • Total65.90 km2 (25.44 sq mi)
Elevation
290 m (950 ft)
Population
 (2021-01-01)[1]
 • Total33,775
 • Density510/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
669 02
Websitewww.znojmocity.cz

Znojmo (Czech pronunciation: [ˈznoimo]; German: Znaim) is a major town in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic, the administrative capital of the Znojmo District. It has about 34,000 inhabitants. The Znojmo metropolitan area has a population of over 40,000 people.[2] Znojmo is the historical and cultural centre of southwestern Moravia and the second most populated town in the South Moravian Region. The historic centre of Znojmo is well preserved and historically significant and is protected by law as urban monument reservation.

Administrative parts[edit]

Villages and town parts of Derflice, Kasárna, Konice, Mramotice, Načeratice, Oblekovice, Popice and Přímětice are administrative parts of Znojmo.

Geography[edit]

The town is situated on a rock outcropping on the steep left bank of the Thaya River, about 55 km (34 mi) southwest of the regional capital Brno. Located near the border with Austria, it is connected to Vienna by railway and road (about 80 minutes).

History[edit]

Znojmo Castle

A fortress at the site possibly already existed during the time of the Great Moravian Empire in the 9th century. From about 1055, Znojmo Castle served as the residence of a Přemyslid principality within the Bohemian March of Moravia and a strategically important outpost near the border with the Bavarian March of Austria in the south. In 1101, Luitpold of Znojmo, Duke of Moravia, built the Rotunda of St. Catherine in the castle. Used as the castle's chapel, the Rotunda features one of the oldest fresco compositions in the Czech lands. Besides religious motives, the frescos depict various members of the ruling Přemyslid dynasty. The Znojmo castle was seized and demolished by Duke Vladislaus II of Bohemia in 1145.

In 1190, Duke Conrad II of Bohemia founded the Premonstratensian Louka Abbey at Znojmo, which became the centre for settlement of German-speaking immigrants, as part of the medieval Ostsiedlung movement. The royal city of Znojmo was founded shortly before 1226 by King Ottokar I of Bohemia on the plains in front of the rebuilt castle. The town privileges were confirmed by King Rudolf I of Germany in 1278. On 9 December 1437, Emperor Sigismund of Luxembourg died at Znojmo and lay in state for three days at the St. Nicholas Church, before his body was transferred to Oradea in Kingdom of Hungary.

From the 19th Century, Znojmo is best known as the site for the Armistice of Znaim concluded there on 12 July 1809 after the Battle of Znaim, following the decisive Battle of Wagram, between Emperor Napoleon and the archduke Charles, which had taken place seven days earlier.

The town is also (allegedly) the birthplace of Leopold Loyka, the driver of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand's car when Ferdinand was assassinated in Sarajevo in 1914: the event that triggered the World War I. Since the end of World War I, Znojmo was within the newly established state of Czechoslovakia, except for 1938–1945 during the Nazi German occupation when it was included in Reichsgau Niederdonau. The German population of the town were expelled in 1945, under the Beneš decrees.

The birthplace of the sculptor Hugo Lederer and writer Charles Sealsfield, Znojmo has also special co-operation relations with Harderwijk, Netherlands.

Demography[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
186915,606—    
188018,740+20.1%
189021,153+12.9%
190023,316+10.2%
191025,840+10.8%
YearPop.±%
192125,993+0.6%
193030,794+18.5%
195025,146−18.3%
196127,456+9.2%
197029,645+8.0%
YearPop.±%
198034,550+16.5%
199136,134+4.6%
200135,758−1.0%
201134,122−4.6%
202133,775−1.0%
Source: Historical lexicon of municipalities of the Czech Republic[3]

Sights[edit]

Church of Saint Nicholas

The Gothic Church of St. Nicholas and the Late Gothic Town Hall tower are the most recognizable landmarks. The church was built in 1348 by Emperor Charles IV, and the town hall, with its 75 m (250 ft) tower, dates from around 1446.[4]

Overlooking the Thaya River valley, on the edge of the medieval city, there is Znojmo Castle, dating back to 11th century, founded by Přemyslid dukes.[5] The only remains of the castle used by the Přemysl dukes is the Romanesque Rotunda of Saint Catherine, the interior of which is covered with 11th-century frescoes depicting biblical scenes and illustrating the life of Přemysl.[6]

Under the town and castle is a vast labyrinth of connected passageways and cellars, Znojmo Catacombs, developed in the 14th and 15th century for defensive purposes and containing wells, drainage, fireplaces, trap doors and escapeways that led beyond the fortifications of the town.[7][8] The catacombs are the largest system of underground corridors and cellars in the Czech Republic – they are almost 27 km long and up to 4 levels deep.[9]

Agriculture, viticulture and nature[edit]

Znojmo is famous for local production of cucumbers, pickled in the original sweet-sour and spicy pickle, whose cultivation in the Znojmo region was introduced in 1571 by Louka monastery Abbot George II, coming from North Bohemian village Čepirohy. The special taste is also the result of local type of cucumbers, cultivation method, soil, climatic conditions, processing and also the packaging in which they are kept. These are also an ingredient of local specialties such as Znojmo roast or Znojmo goulash. Nowadays, the cucumber festivals are held in the town every year.

Thanks to favorable climatic conditions, the town is successful also in winery and fruit growing. It is the center of viticulture of the Znojmo wine-growing sub-region and a destination for nature lovers, mainly thanks to the newly established National Park "Podyjí".

Column commemorating the plague
Flood in 2006

Sport[edit]

1. SC Znojmo FK is a local football club which plays in the Moravian–Silesian Football League (3rd tier of the Czech football league system).

Orli Znojmo is a local ice hockey club playing the Austrian Hockey League (also known as the Erste Bank Eishockey Liga, or EBEL)

Culture[edit]

Znojmo is well known for its wine festival that takes place every September. The main attraction of the festival is a historical parade celebrating coming of king John of Bohemia.

Notable people[edit]

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Znojmo is twinned with:[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2021". Czech Statistical Office. 2021-04-30.
  2. ^ "Úvodní informace o Znojmě". znojmocity.cz (in Czech). Retrieved 2021-02-13.
  3. ^ "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011 – Okres Znojmo" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 2015-12-21. pp. 11–12.
  4. ^ Beseda, Znojemská. "Znojemská Beseda". www.znojemskabeseda.cz. Retrieved 2017-01-24.
  5. ^ Beseda, Znojemská. "Znojemská Beseda". www.znojemskabeseda.cz. Retrieved 2017-01-24.
  6. ^ "Znojemská Beseda". znojemskabeseda.cz. Znojemská Beseda. Retrieved 2017-01-24.
  7. ^ http://www.istudio.cz, iStudio s.r.o. -. "Underground in Znojmo - Top Výletní cíle jižní Morava". www.vyletnicile.cz. Retrieved 2017-01-24.
  8. ^ Beseda, Znojemská. "Znojemská Beseda". www.znojemskabeseda.cz. Retrieved 2017-01-24.
  9. ^ "Tip for a Trip: Znojmo". foreigners.cz. Foreigners.cz Blog. 2020-07-28. Retrieved 2020-10-01.
  10. ^ "Partnerská města" (in Czech). Znojmo. Retrieved 2020-06-27.

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Znojmo at Wikimedia Commons
  • Znojmo travel guide from Wikivoyage