|This article relies too much on references to primary sources. (June 2015)|
|Industry||Aerospace equipment and systems suppliers|
|Olivier Zarrouati, Chairman/CEO; Didier Domange, Chairman-Supervisory Board|
|Products||Passenger seats, crew seats, pilot seats, galleys, galley inserts, containers, cabin interiors, electrical systems, internal and external lighting systems, oxygen systems, actuators, telemetry systems, fluid management, altitude control systems, emergency arresting systems, interconnects, evacuation systems, parachutes, etc..|
|Brands||Zodiac Aerosafety, Zodiac Aircraft Systems, Zodiac Cabin & Structures, Zodiac Galleys & Equipment, Zodiac Seats, Zodiac Aerospace Services|
|Revenue||4.175 M€ (2013-2014)|
|354.4 M€ (2013-2014)|
Number of employees
Zodiac Aerospace is a French aerospace Group founded in 1896 that supplies systems and equipment for aircraft. It has around 100 sites across the globe and employs nearly 30,000 people.
- 1 History
- 2 Zodiac Aerospace brand
- 3 Group Values
- 4 Organization
- 5 Governance / Management
- 6 Markets & Strategy
- 7 Innovation
- 8 Key Figures
- 9 Corporate Social Responsibility
- 10 Philanthropy
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Zodiac Aerospace is a Group that is more than 100 years old and that has contributed to the boom in aerospace since the end of the 19th century.
Aeronautic foundations (1896 / 1933)
The company was founded in 1896 as "Mallet, Mélandri et de Pitray" by Maurice Mallet and his associates. In the beginning, the company was involved in the production of the first hot-air balloons for sport and tourism. In 1911, the company changed its name to become "Zodiac". It then experienced a boom in the construction of airplanes and airships, especially for the Aérostation Maritime (Naval Balloon Command) and through its participation in the war effort. Until the 1930s, 63 airships would leave Zodiac’s workshops.
Marine activities (1934 / 1972)
In 1934, the company created the first prototype inflatable boats, ancestors of the renowned "Zodiac", which would contribute to the development of the civil and military inflatable boat industry. The company then benefited from the boom in leisure activities after the Second World War, as well as the French infatuation with recreational boating in the 1960s: Zodiac therefore developed inflatable boats for the civil market and gradually gave up the airship market for the more promising water sports market. Zodiac would nevertheless honor a contract in 1966 with CNES (Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales - National Centre for Space Studies) for the production of a meteorological balloon, in the scope of the EOLE project. At the end of the 1960s, the Group reorganized and set up its first sales operation for exporting its products overseas more easily. In 1964 it opened its first subsidiary in Spain - "Zodiac Española" - and then "Zodiac North America" in 1970.
Group internationalization (1973 / 1989)
At the beginning of the 1970s, Zodiac experienced financial difficulties. Spurred on by its new CEO, Jean-Louis Gerondeau, and with the support of shareholders and the IDI (Institut pour le Développement Industriel - French Institute for Industrial Development), the Group recovered by 1977. In 1983, Zodiac was the first company to be listed on the ‘Second Market’ of the Paris Stock Exchange. At this time, Zodiac proceeded to conduct an active international development policy and increase its acquisitions, thereby enabling it to position itself in niche markets on a global scale. In 1978, the Group acquired Aérazur Constructions Aéronautiques and so rediscovered its first market: the aerospace market. In 1979, Zodiac acquired EFA (Parachutes), which led to the creation of the aerospace segment, and continued its development in marine and aerospace with the acquisitions of Bombard-L’Angevinière (ranked second in inflatable boats), Sevylor (leading French producer of light PVC inflatable structures) in 1981 and Superflexit (flexible tanks) in 1983, as well as the takeover of Parachutes de France (sport parachutes). In 1987, Zodiac increased its acquisitions with Air Cruisers (leader in evacuation slides), Metzeler (inflatable boats), B. Kern, Europool, etc. In 1988, the Group acquired Pioneer, which at the time was ranked the second American manufacturer of deceleration and engine braking recovery systems through parachutes.
Development of aerospace businesses (1990 / 2006)
In the 1990s, the Group continued its acquisitions, by strengthening its aerospace business. In 1998, Monogram Systems (on-board water and waste management) joined the Group, as did the Intertechnique Group in 1999. The latter acquisition significantly increased the aerospace share in the Group’s business and later enabled the creation of the Aircraft Systems segment, specializing in on-board systems. From 2002 to 2006, Zodiac successively acquired ESCO (emergency arresting systems), ICORE (cable protection and interconnect systems), Avox Systems (oxygen systems), C&D Aerospace (cabin interiors), Enertec and In-Snec (telemetry and data recording).
Split and refocus on aerospace (2007 to present day)
In April 2007, the Zodiac Group announced an agreement to sell its Marine business to a holding company, 72% owned by the American Group Carlyle with 28% being retained by Zodiac. This transaction was finalized on 28 September 2007 with the creation of Zodiac Marine and Pool. In November 2007, Olivier Zarrouati succeeded Jean-Louis Gerondeau as Chief Executive Officer. At the beginning of 2008, in accordance with the agreements signed at the time it sold its Marine business, the Group was renamed Zodiac Aerospace and adopted a new logo. At the end of 2008, Zodiac Aerospace strengthened its position in the cabin interiors segment by acquiring the Dutch company Driessen (leading worldwide manufacturer of galleys for single aisle aircraft and trolleys), Adder (cabin separators) and TIA (electrical equipment for galleys, mainly for the business aircraft market). Refocused on aerospace, Zodiac Aerospace continued its acquisition strategy both in the area of cabin interiors as well as in that of systems. In 2010, the Canadian company Cantwell Cullen & Co (cabling and interconnect systems) and the German company Sell GmbH (galleys for wide-bodied aircraft) joined the Group. The year 2010 was marked by a takeover bid for Zodiac Aerospace by the French Group Safran. At the beginning of July 2010, Zodiac Aerospace announced that it had been officially approached by Safran and that, having examined Safran’s proposal, its Supervisory Board had unanimously decided not to pursue it. For several months, Zodiac Aerospace and Safran squared up in the media. In November 2010, the AMF (French Financial Markets Authority) summoned Safran to clarify its position: its CEO, Jean-Paul Herteman announced in November 2010 that he had given up his plan to acquire Zodiac Aerospace. Since 2011, Zodiac Aerospace has continued its acquisitions:
- Heath Tecna (cabin interiors for commercial aircraft);
- Contour Aerospace (first class and business class seats);
- IMS (IFE - In-Flight Entertainment - systems);
- NAT (engineering and certification);
- TriaGnoSys (on-board connectivity systems for IFE);
- PPP (oxygen systems);
- Greenpoint Technologies (VIP/VVIP configuration layout design for wide-bodied aircraft);
- Enviro Systems (environment control system).
In September 2012, Zodiac Aerospace put in place an organization comprising five segments (Zodiac Aerosafety, Zodiac Aircraft Systems, Zodiac Cabin & Structures, Zodiac Galleys & Equipment and Zodiac Seats), complemented by an after-sales service business, Zodiac Aerospace Services.
Zodiac Aerospace brand
When it was founded in 1896, the company was called "Mallet, Mélandri et de Pitray". It changed its name several times during the course of its history. In 1899, it became "Ateliers de constructions aéronautiques Maurice Mallet" (Maurice Mallet aerospace construction workshops), and nine years later it became "Société française des ballons dirigeables" ("French hot-air balloon company"). In 1909, the name Zodiac (with an English spelling) appeared in the name "Société française de ballons dirigeables et d'aviation Zodiac" ("Zodiac French hot-air balloon and aviation company"), followed in 1911 by "Société Zodiac, anciens Établissements aéronautiques Maurice Mallet" ("Zodiac Company, formerly Maurice Mallet aeronautical establishments"). In 1965, the company changed its name to "Zodiac". The name Zodiac is associated with the inflatable boats that were developed after the Second World War and made famous by the explorations of Commander Cousteau and the experiences of intentional castaway Dr Bombard. For this reason, when the Zodiac Group sold its Marine business in 2007, the Zodiac brand was also sold. In accordance with the agreements signed with the acquiring company, the Group took the name of "Zodiac Aerospace", which emphasized its refocus on aerospace. This name change was accompanied by modification of the logo, which uses the letter Z, recalling the Group's previous logo, together with the Zodiac Aerospace name.
The culture of the Zodiac Aerospace Group is based on 4 values: Humility, Realism, Entrepreneurial Spirit and Respect.
Zodiac Aerospace provides equipment for commercial aircraft, regional aircraft and business aircraft as well as helicopters and spacecraft. The Group consists of 5 operational segments, supported by a service activity.
Zodiac Aerosafety brings together businesses that develop on-board and ground safety systems as well as protection and rescue solutions. This segment comprises 5 divisions, mainly located in Europe and the United States.
- Zodiac Arresting Systems develops emergency arresting Systems including the EMASMAX™ product, which helps to secure civil airport runways.
- Zodiac Evacuation Systems offers rescue systems such as inflatable lifejackets, evacuation slides and emergency flotation systems for helicopters.
- Zodiac Interconnect specializes in cable protection and interconnect systems.
- Zodiac Elastomer designs flexible tanks for aircraft and fuel distribution systems.
- Zodiac Parachute & Protection offers civil and military parachutes.
Zodiac Arresting Systems (EMASMAX®)
Zodiac Aircraft Systems
The Zodiac Aircraft Systems segment specializes in on-board systems that provide essential in-flight functions. This segment comprises 7 divisions and is mainly located in Europe (France and Germany) and in the United States.
- Zodiac Cabin & Cockpit Systems supplies systems for cockpits, internal and external lighting systems and pilot and passenger oxygen systems (LAVOX™, Eros™, etc.).
- Zodiac Controls develops measurement sensors and system management solutions.
- Zodiac Electrical Systems specializes in electrical power management systems.
- Zodiac Entertainment & Seat Technologies comprises two parts. Zodiac In-flight Innovation develops and sells on-board entertainment systems (RAVE™) and connectivity. Zodiac Actuation Systems produces electric actuators for aircraft seats.
- Zodiac Fluid Management offers solutions for managing fluid circulation (fuel, water, etc.).
- Zodiac Water & Waste supplies on-board systems for treating wastewater and garbage.
- Zodiac Data Systems designs telemetry applications and on-board systems for data acquisition and recording. Its products are known under the following brand names: In-Snec, Enertec and HEIM.
Zodiac Galleys & Equipment
The Zodiac Galleys & Equipment segment comprises 3 divisions, located in Europe (France, Germany and the Netherlands), the United States and Thailand.
- Zodiac Galleys fits out single aisle and twin aisle kitchen areas of aircraft and rest areas for flight crew.
- Zodiac Galley Inserts supplies kitchen equipment (ovens, coffee machines, waste compactors, chillers, microwave ovens, etc.).
- Zodiac Rotable Equipment supplies trolleys (for carrying food and duty-free items on board the aircraft) and containers for loading baggage and goods into aircraft holds (LD3).
Zodiac Cabin & Structures
- Zodiac OEM Cabin Interiors designs, develops and certifies the cabin interiors of commercial and regional aircraft.
- Zodiac Airline Cabin Interiors offers airlines a service for refitting cabin interiors.
- Zodiac Northwest Aerospace Technologies is an engineering company specializing in cabin refit programs and their certification.
- Zodiac Advanced Composites and Engineered Materials supplies composite materials for fitting out cabin interiors.
- Zodiac Business Aircraft Cabin Interiors designs and manufactures cabin interiors for business aircraft.
Zodiac Seats designs, manufactures and sells passenger seats (first class, business class, premium economy and standard economy class) for commercial and regional aircraft as well as technical seats (for aircraft pilots, seats for helicopters and seats for flight crew). This segment comprises 4 main divisions:
- Zodiac Seats France is based in Issoudun, France and specializes in business class and economy class seats.
- Zodiac Seats U.S. (formerly Weber Aircraft, LLC.) is located in Gainesville, Texas and specializes mainly in economy class seats. Its subsidiary, Zodiac Seats California, specializes in seats for regional aircraft.
- Zodiac Seats UK is based in Cwmbran and Canberley (United Kingdom). It specializes in first class and business class seats.
- Zodiac Seats Shells, based in Santa Maria, California, manufactures seat shells in composite materials for business class seats.
Zodiac Aerospace Services
Zodiac Aerospace Services is the after-sales service activity of Zodiac Aerospace Group. It has locations in Europe, the United States, the Middle East and Asia.
Governance / Management
Zodiac Aerospace Group is a Limited Company with an Executive Board and a Supervisory Board. It is managed by the Executive Board, chaired by Olivier Zarrouati and by the Executive Committee. The Supervisory Board is chaired by Didier Domange.
- Olivier Zarrouati, Chief Executive Officer
- Maurice Pinault, Deputy CEO - Development
- Didier Domange, Chairman of the Supervisory Board
- Louis Desanges, Vice-Chairman
- Marc Assa
- Anne Aubert
- Patrick Daher
- Elisabeth Domange
- FFP Invest, represented by Frédéric Banzet
- Vincent Gerondeau
- Laure Hauseux
- Gilberte Lombard
- Robert Marechal
The Executive Committee reviews the Group's strategic projects and monitors the operational performance of segments. It comprises 13 members:
- Olivier Zarrouati, Chief Executive Officer
- Maurice Pinault, Deputy CEO, Strategy and Business Development
- Jean-Jacques Jégou, Executive Vice-President, Administration and Finance
- Yannick Assouad, CEO, Aircraft Systems segment
- Christophe Bernardini, CEO, Zodiac Aerospace Services
- Jean-Michel Condamin, CEO, Galleys & Equipment segment
- Gilles Debray, CEO, Aerosafety segment
- Stephen Zimmermann, CEO, Cabin & Structures segment
- Christian Novella, Executive Vice-President, Customers
- Adri Ruiter, CEO, Zodiac Seats US
- Delphine Segura Vaylet, Executive Vice-President, Group Human Resources
- Pierre-Antony Vastra, Executive Vice-President, Communication and Investor Relations
- Carine Vinardi, Executive Vice-President, Group Lean and Supply Chain
Markets & Strategy
- SFE (Supplier-Furnished Equipment) products: Equipment supplied by the aircraft manufacturer, which is selected by aircraft manufacturers at the beginning of a program and is then fitted into all aircraft produced.
- BFE (Buyer-Furnished Equipment) products: Equipment supplied by the aircraft buyer, which is selected by airlines to fit out their new aircraft or as a replacement for equipment on older aircraft. For commercial aircraft, seats are a BFE product of the highest quality, especially for enabling airlines to differentiate themselves from their competitors.
Zodiac Aerospace Group's strategy consists in building or strengthening positions of global leadership in niche aerospace markets, presenting high barriers to entry, and significant after-sales content. This development is based both on organic growth as well as growth by acquisition.
Zodiac Aerospace takes part in research and innovation programs that bring together various industry players.
Zodiac Aerospace also supports innovation through the Jean-Louis Gerondeau Award, created four years ago to reward undergraduates or PhD students of the Ecole Polytechnique, championing a business creation project and encouraging entrepreneurial spirit and innovation.
Fiscal year 2013 / 2014
- Revenue: €4.175m
- Current operating income (before IFRS 3): €549.9m
- Net Income: €354.4m
- Dividend (in €): 0.32
- Net Debt/Equity ratio 0.43
Corporate Social Responsibility
During fiscal year 2013/2014, Zodiac Aerospace adhered to the United Nations Global Compact. This pact aims to bring the Group's operations into line with the 10 universally accepted principles with regard to Human Rights, Labor, Environment and Anti-Corruption.
For many years, Zodiac Aerospace has been supporting the Petits Princes association at Group level. The Group also provides support for projects that encourage scientific research, as with "Wings for Science" in 2012 for example. Subsidiaries also support local initiatives, mainly in the fields of health and education.
Since 2003, Zodiac Aerospace has been providing financial and material support for the Petits Princes association to help make the dreams of seriously ill children come true. The Group also lets the association take advantage of its global network.
Wings for Science
Since 2012, the Group has been supporting the ORA (Observer Relever Analyser - Observe Record Analyze) association through the supply of equipment. The objective of this project is to make a light aircraft available to research laboratories to support scientific work and to inspire young people. In June 2013, the aircraft was on the tarmac at Le Bourget during the Paris Air Show.
Around the world, Zodiac Aerospace’s subsidiaries support local initiatives on education and health. For example, two Group entities (Zodiac Galley Inserts and Zodiac Oxygen Systems) gifted equipment to the ORBIS association in 2013; this was used to equip a hospital in an aircraft travelling in troubled countries to care for people with eye problems and to take the latest medical innovations to local doctors.
- Wings for science: http://www.wingsforscience.com/
- Petits Princes: http://www.petitsprinces.com/
- ORBIS: https://www.orbis.org/