Zoe Ada Caldwell
14 September 1933
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
|Died||16 February 2020 (aged 86)|
Pound Ridge, New York, U.S.
(m. 1968; died 2002)
Zoe Ada Caldwell, OBE (14 September 1933 – 16 February 2020) was an Australian–born actress. She was a four-time Tony Award winner, winning Best Featured Actress in a Play for Slapstick Tragedy (1966), and Best Actress in a Play for The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie (1968), Medea (1982), and Master Class (1996). Her film appearances include The Purple Rose of Cairo (1985), Birth (2004), and Extremely Loud & Incredibly Close (2011).
Caldwell was born in Melbourne, Victoria and raised in the suburb of Balwyn. Her father, Edgar, was a plumber. Caldwell's mother often took some of the neighbourhood kids to the Elizabethan Theatre in Richmond where they could go backstage and watch rehearsals and performances.
She emigrated to England upon being invited to join the RSC at a time when Charles Laughton was attempting Lear, and Vanessa Redgrave, Eileen Atkins, Albert Finney were among the other newcomers in the company. She played Bianca in the 1959 production of Othello, starring Paul Robeson. Later she played the indomitable Helena, opposite Dame Edith Evans in a production of All's Well That Ends Well. Her career later brought her to the United States, where she was one of the original company of actors under Guthrie's direction at the Tyrone Guthrie Theatre in Minneapolis. At the Guthrie, she played parts such as Ophelia in Hamlet and Natasha in Three Sisters.
A life member of the Actors Studio, Caldwell won four Tony Awards for her performances on Broadway in Tennessee Williams' Slapstick Tragedy, The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie, Medea and Master Class. In the last she portrayed opera diva Maria Callas. In Stratford, Ontario she appeared often, including her role as Cleopatra in Shakespeare's Antony and Cleopatra opposite Christopher Plummer's Mark Antony in 1967.
Her other credits on Broadway include Arthur Miller's The Creation of the World and Other Business in which she played Eve, a one-woman play by William Luce based on the life of Lillian Hellman and a production of Macbeth with Christopher Plummer as Macbeth and Glenda Jackson as Lady Macbeth under Caldwell's direction. Caldwell directed, Off-Broadway, a two-woman play, created by Eileen Atkins, Vita and Virginia, based on the letters between Virginia Woolf and Vita Sackville-West. Atkins played Virginia and Vanessa Redgrave played Vita. Caldwell directed the Broadway production of Othello in the late 1970s with James Earl Jones, Christopher Plummer, and Dianne Wiest. She helmed the American Shakespeare Theatre in Stratford, Connecticut for two limited-run seasons as its Artistic Director in the mid-1980s.
Caldwell also performed on film, most notably as an imperious dowager in Woody Allen's The Purple Rose of Cairo. In 2002, she starred in the film Just a Kiss. She voiced the character of the Grand Councilwoman in Disney's Lilo & Stitch, and continued voicing the character in the franchise's later films and in Lilo & Stitch: The Series, as well as in Kingdom Hearts Birth by Sleep. In 2011, she acted in Extremely Loud & Incredibly Close.
Caldwell graduated from Methodist Ladies' College, Kew and, much later, received an honorary degree from the University of Melbourne. In 1968, she married Canadian-born Broadway producer Robert Whitehead, a cousin of actor Hume Cronyn. They had two sons and were married until Whitehead's death in June 2002.
|1962||Festival in Adelaide||Saint Joan|
|1985||The Purple Rose of Cairo||The Countess|
|2002||Lilo & Stitch||Grand Councilwoman||Voice|
|2003||Stitch! The Movie||Voice, Direct-to-video|
|2004||Stitch's Great Escape!||Grand Councilwoman||Voice, Short|
|2006||Leroy & Stitch||Voice, Direct-to-video|
|2011||Extremely Loud & Incredibly Close||Oskar's Grandmother||(final film role)|
|1959||A Midsummer Night's Dream||Fairy||TV movie|
|1960||BBC Sunday Night Play||Ruth Honeywill||Episode: "Twentieth Century Theatre: Justice"|
|1960||ITV Playhouse||Louise||Episode: "The Song of Louise in the Morning"|
|1960||Suspense||Kathy Harrison||Episode: "Flight 404"|
|1960||Theatre 70||Episode: "The Neighbour"|
|1961||Macbeth||Lady Macbeth||TV movie|
|1963||Festival||Episode: "The Doctor's Dilemma"|
|1964||Playdate||Streetwalker||Episode: "A Night Out"|
|1964||Dear Liar||Mrs. Patrick Campbell||TV movie|
|1968||The Secret of Michelangelo||Narrator||TV movie|
|1971||Great Performances||Sarah Bernhardt||Episode: "Sarah ... Sarah Bernhardt"|
|1978||Play of the Month||Mme. Arkadina||Episode: "The Seagull"|
|1986||American Masters||Carlotta Monterey O'Neill||Episode: "Eugene O'Neill: A Glory of Ghosts"|
|1989||Lantern Hill||Mrs. Kennedy||TV movie|
|1990||Road to Avonlea||Old Lady Lloyd||Episode: "Old Lady Lloyd"|
|2003||Lilo & Stitch: The Series||Grand Councilwoman||Voice, Episode: "Finder"|
|1965||The Devils||Sister Jean of the Angels – replacement||Broadway Theatre|
|1966||Slapstick Tragedy||Polly||Longacre Theater – Tony Award|
|1968||The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie||Jean Brodie||Helen Hayes Theater – Tony Award|
|1972||The Creation of the World and Other Business||Eve||Shubert Theater|
|1974||Dance of Death||Alice||Vivian Beaumont Theater|
|1977||An Almost Perfect Person||Director||Belasco Theater|
|1982||Medea||Medea||Cort Theater – Tony Award|
|1986||Lillian||Lillian||Ethel Barrymore Theater|
|1988||Macbeth||Director||Mark Hellinger Theatre|
|1991||Park Your Car In Harvard Yard||Director||Music Box Theater|
|1995–1997||Master Class||Maria Callas||John Golden Theater – Tony Award|
|2003||The Play What I Wrote||Mystery Guest Star – replacement||Lyceum Theater|
|2003||The Visit||Claire Zachanassian||Melbourne Theatre Company|
|2002||Disney's Stitch: Experiment 626||Grand Councilwoman||credit only|
|2010||Kingdom Hearts Birth by Sleep||Grand Councilwoman|
- Caldwell, Zoe (2002). I Will be Cleopatra: An Actress's Journey. New York: W. W. Norton. ISBN 978-0393323603.
- Genzlinger, Neil (18 February 2020). "Zoe Caldwell, Winner of Four Tony Awards, Is Dead at 86". The New York Times. Retrieved 18 February 2020.
- Nightingale, Benedict. Her Infinite Variety, The New York Times, 21 October 2001; accessed 27 May 2008.
- "Ms Zoe Caldwell". University of Melbourne. 29 September 2003. Archived from the original on 30 August 2006. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
- "New York State Writers Institute on Caldwell". State University of New York. Archived from the original on 31 October 2006. Retrieved 13 November 2006.
- "Zoe Caldwell". AusStage. Retrieved 25 July 2017.
- Garfield, David (1980). "Appendix: Life Members of the Actors Studio as of January 1980". A Player's Place: The Story of the Actors Studio. New York: MacMillan Publishing. p. 277. ISBN 978-0025426504.
- "Zoe Caldwell". Stratford Festival. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
- "Kingdom Hearts: Birth by Sleep details". IMDb. Retrieved 14 January 2015.
- Conevey, Michael (19 February 2020). "Zoe Caldwell obituary". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
- "Performing Arts at Pace University Presents An Evening with Zoe Caldwell, 4/23" (Press release). Pace University. 13 April 2012. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
- Gussow, Mel (17 June 2002). "Robert Whitehead, Who Brought Top Playwrights to Broadway, Dies at 86" The New York Times. Retrieved 27 January 2014.