Zofia Kielan-Jaworowska

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Zofia Kielan-Jaworowska
Born Zofia Kielan
(1925-04-25)25 April 1925
Died 13 March 2015(2015-03-13) (aged 89)
Nationality Polish
Alma mater Warsaw University
Spouse(s) Zbigniew Jaworowski (m. 1958)[1]
Awards
Scientific career
Fields Paleontology
Institutions Polska Akademia Nauk

Zofia Kielan-Jaworowska (25 April 1925 – 13 March 2015) was a Polish paleobiologist. In the mid-1960s Kielan-Jaworowska led a series of Polish-Mongolian paleontological expeditions to the Gobi Desert. Kielan-Jaworowska was the first woman to serve on the executive committee of the International Union of Geological Sciences.[1][2][3]

Early life and education[edit]

Kielan-Jaworowska's studies began in the aftermath of the Second World War: as Warsaw University's department of geology had been destroyed in 1939, she attended lectures in Roman Kozłowski's apartment.[4] She subsequently earned a master's degree in zoology and a paleontology doctorate at Warsaw University, where she later became a professor.

Career and research[edit]

Kielan-Jaworowska was employed by the Instytut Paleobiologii of the Polska Akademia Nauk. She held a number of functions in professional organizations in Poland and the United States, and was the first woman to serve on the executive committee of the International Union of Geological Sciences.[1]

Kielan-Jaworowska's work included the study of Devonian and Ordovician trilobites from Central Europe (Poland and Czech Republic), leading several Polish-Mongolian paleontological expeditions to the Gobi Desert, and the discovery of new species of crocodiles, lizards, turtles, dinosaurs (notably Deinocheirus), birds and multituberculates. She is author of the book Hunting for Dinosaurs, and a coauthor of the book Mammals from the Age of Dinosaurs.

Her work was published widely in peer reviewed scientific journals, books and monographs.[5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23]

Awards and honours[edit]

She was a member of the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters.[24] Her book Mammals from the Age of Dinosaurs won her the prestigious Prize of the Foundation for Polish Science, in 2005. She was also awarded the Romer-Simpson Medal in 1995.[citation needed]

Personal life[edit]

She married Zbigniew Jaworowski, a professor of radiobiology, in 1958.[1]

Featured scientific work[edit]

  • Kielan, Z. 1953. Les trilobites Mésodévoniens des Monts des Sainte-Croix. Palaeontologia Polonica, 6: 50 pp.
  • Kielan-Jaworowska, Z. 1968. Scolecodonts versus jaw apparatuses. Lethaia, 1: 39-49
  • Kielan-Jaworowska, Z. 1969. Discovery of a multituberculate marsupial bone. Nature, 222: 1091—1092.
  • Kielan-Jaworowska, Z. and Sochava, A. V. 1969. The first multituberculate from the Uppermost Cretaceous of the Gobi Desert. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 14: 355—371.
  • Kielan-Jaworowska, Z. 1970. Unknown structures in multituberculate skull. Nature 226: 974—976.
  • Butler , P. M. and Kielan-Jaworowska, Z. 1973: Is Deltatheridium a marsupial? — Nature 245: 105—106.
  • Kielan-Jaworowska, Z. 1975. Possible occurrence of marsupial bones in Cretaceous eutherian mammals. Nature, 255: 698—699
  • Crompton, A. W. and Kielan-Jaworowska, Z. 1978. Molar structure and occlusion in Cretaceous therian mammals. In Butler , P. M. and Joysey, K. A. (eds.), Studies in the Development, Function and Evolution of Teeth: 249—289. Academic Press, London and New York.
  • Kielan-Jaworowska, Z. 1979. Pelvic structure and nature of reproduction in Multituberculata. Nature, 277: 402—403.
  • Lillegraven, J. A., Kielan-Jaworowska, Z. and Clemens, W. A. (eds.), Mesozoic Mammals. The First Two-thirds of Mammalian History. University of California Press, Berkeley: 99-149.
  • Kielan-Jaworowska, Z. 1980. Absence of ptilodonoidean multituberculates in Asia and its paleogeographic implications. Lethaia, 13: 169—175.
  • Fosse, G., Kielan-Jaworowska, Z. and Skaale, S. G. 1985. The microstructure of tooth enamel in multituberculate mammals. Palaeontology, 28: 435—449.
  • Kielan-Jaworowska, Z., Presley, R. and Poplin, C. 1986. Cranial vascular system in taeniolabidoid multituberculate mammals. Transactions of the Royal Society of London , B. Biological Sciences, 313: 525—602.
  • Kielan-Jaworowska, Z., Dashzeveg, D. and Trofimov, B. A., 1987. Early Cretaceous multituberculates from Asia and a comparison with British and North American Jurassic forms. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 32: 3-47.
  • Kielan-Jaworowska, Z., Crompton, A. W. and Jenkins F. A. 1987. The origin of egg laying mammals. Nature, 326: 871—873.
  • Hopson, J. A., Kielan-Jaworowska, Z. and Allin, E. F. 1989. The cryptic jugal in multituberculates. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 9: 201—209.
  • Kielan-Jaworowska, Z. and Nessov, L. A. 1990. On the metatherian nature of the Deltatheroida, a sister group of the Marsupialia. Lethaia, 23: 1-10.
  • Kielan-Jaworowska, Z. and Ensom, P. 1992. Multituberculate mammals from the Purbeck Limestone Formation (Late Jurassic) of Southern England. Palaeontology, 36: 95-126.
  • Krause, D. W., Kielan-Jaworowska, Z. and Bonaparte, J. F. 1992. Ferugliotherium the first multituberculate from South America. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 12: 351—376.
  • Kielan-Jaworowska, Z. and Ensom, P. C. 1994. Tiny plagiaulacoid multituberculate mammals from the Purbeck Limestone Formation of Dorset, England. -Palaeontology, 37: 17-31.
  • Kielan-Jaworowska, Z. 1997. Characters of multituberculates neglected in phylogenetic analyses of early mammals. Lethaia, 29: 249—266.
  • Kielan-Jaworowska, Z., Cifelli, R. and Luo, Z. 1998. Alleged Cretaceous placental from down under. Lethaia 31: 267—268.
  • Luo: Z.-X., Cifelli, R. L., and Kielan-Jaworowska, Z. 2001. Dual origin of tribosphenic mammals. Nature 409: 53-57.
  • Kielan-Jaworowska, Z. and Hurum, J. H. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of multituberculate mammals. Palaeontology 44: 389—429.
  • Zofia Kielan-Jaworowska, Richard L. Cifelli, and Zhe-Xi Luo, 2004. Mammals from the age of dinosaurs : origins, evolution, and structure. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-11918-6

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Ogilvie, Marilyn Bailey (2000). The biographical dictionary of women in science: pioneering lives from ancient times to the mid-20th century, Volume 1. Taylor & Francis. p. 694. ISBN 978-0-415-92038-4. 
  2. ^ Richard L. Cifelli (2015). "Zofia Kielan-Jaworowska (1925-2015) Discoverer of early mammals". Nature. 520 (7546): 158. PMID 25855448. doi:10.1038/520158a. 
  3. ^ Mikołuszko, Wojciech (13 March 2015). "Zmarła prof. Zofia Kielan-Jaworowska, wybitna paleontolożka. Niewielu polskich uczonych osiągnęło tyle, co ona" [Prof. Zofia Kielan-Jaworowska, outstanding paleontologist, has died. Few Polish scholars achieved as much as she.]. Wyborcza (in Polish). Retrieved 16 March 2015. 
  4. ^ Zofia Kielan-Jaworowska: Mighty Mammals of Mesozoic Mongolia!, by Nick Crumpton ,at Trowelblazers.com; published August 27, 2014; retrieved August 30, 2014
  5. ^ Kielan-Jaworowska, Z. (1974). Hunting for dinosaurs. Cambridge: MIT Press. p. 178. ISBN 978-0-262-61007-0. 
  6. ^ Kielan-Jaworowska, Z. (1979). "Pelvic structure and nature of reproduction in Multituberculata". Nature. 277 (5695): 402–403. PMID 399323. doi:10.1038/277402a0. 
  7. ^ Lillegraven, J. A., Kielan-Jaworowska, Z. and Clemens, W. A. (eds.), Mesozoic Mammals. The First Two-thirds of Mammalian History. University of California Press, Berkeley: 99-149.
  8. ^ Kielan-Jaworowska, Z. (1980). "Absence of ptilodontoidean multituberculates from Asia and its palaeogeographic implications". Lethaia. 13 (2): 169–173. doi:10.1111/j.1502-3931.1980.tb01047.x. 
  9. ^ Kielan-Jaworowska, Z. (2013). In pursuit of early mammals. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press. ISBN 978-0-253-00817-6. 
  10. ^ Fosse, G.; Kielan-Jaworowska, Z.; Skaale, S. G. (1985). "The microstructure of tooth enamel in multituberculate mammals". Palaeontology. 28: 435–449. 
  11. ^ Kielan-Jaworowska, Z.; Presley, R.; Poplin, C. (1986). "The Cranial Vascular System in Taeniolabidoid Multituberculate Mammals". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 313 (1164): 525–602. doi:10.1098/rstb.1986.0055. 
  12. ^ Kielan-Jaworowska, Z.; Dashzeveg, D.; Trofimov, B. A. (1987). "Early Cretaceous multituberculates from Asia and a comparison with British and North American Jurassic forms". Acta Palaeontologica Polonica. 32: 3–47. 
  13. ^ Kielan-Jaworowska, Z.; Crompton, A. W.; Jenkins, F. A. (1987). "The origin of egg-laying mammals". Nature. 326 (6116): 871–873. doi:10.1038/326871a0. 
  14. ^ Hopson, J. A.; Kielan-Jaworowska, Z.; Allin, E. F. (1989). "The cryptic jugal of multituberculates". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 9 (2): 201–209. doi:10.1080/02724634.1989.10011754. 
  15. ^ Kielan-Jaworowska, Z.; Nessov, L. V. A. (1990). "On the metatherian nature of the Deltatheroida, a sister group of the Marsupialia". Lethaia. 23: 1–10. doi:10.1111/j.1502-3931.1990.tb01776.x. 
  16. ^ Kielan-Jaworowska, Z.; Ensom, P. (1992). "Multituberculate mammals from the Purbeck Limestone Formation (Late Jurassic) of Southern England". Palaeontology. 36: 95–126. 
  17. ^ Krause, D.; Kielan-Jaworowska, Z.; Bonaparte, J. (1992). "Ferugliotherium Bonaparte, the first known multituberculate from South America". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 12 (3): 351–376. JSTOR 4523458. doi:10.1080/02724634.1992.10011465. 
  18. ^ Kielan-Jaworowska, Z.; Ensom, P. C. (1994). "Tiny plagiaulacoid multituberculate mammals from the Purbeck Limestone Formation of Dorset, England". Palaeontology. 37: 17–31. 
  19. ^ Kielan-Jaworowska, Z. (1996). "Characters of multituberculates neglected in phylogenetic analyses of early mammals". Lethaia. 29 (3): 249–266. doi:10.1111/j.1502-3931.1996.tb01658.x. 
  20. ^ Kielan-Jaworowska, Z.; Cifelli, R. L.; Luo, Z. (2007). "Alleged Cretaceous placental from down under". Lethaia. 31 (3): 267–268. doi:10.1111/j.1502-3931.1998.tb00516.x. 
  21. ^ Luo, Z. X.; Cifelli, R. L.; Kielan-Jaworowska, Z (2001). "Dual origin of tribosphenic mammals". Nature. 409 (6816): 53–7. PMID 11343108. doi:10.1038/35051023. 
  22. ^ Kielan-Jaworowska, Z.; Hurum, J.H. (2001). "Phylogeny and systematics of multituberculate mammals". Palaeontology. 44 (3): 389–429. doi:10.1111/1475-4983.00185. 
  23. ^ Kielan-Jaworowska; Cifelli, Richard L.; Zhe-Xi Luo (2004). Mammals from the age of dinosaurs : origins, evolution, and structure. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-11918-6. 
  24. ^ "Gruppe 3: Geofag" (in Norwegian). Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. Retrieved 7 October 2010.