|City of district significance|
|• Total||11,64 km2 (449 sq mi)|
|• Density||21/km2 (56/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+02:00)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+03:00)|
|Area codes||+380 3265|
Zolochiv (Ukrainian: Золочів, Polish: Złoczów, Yiddish: זלאָטשאָוו) is a small city of district significance in the Lviv Oblast of Ukraine, the administrative center of Zolochiv Raion. The city is located 60 kilometers east of Lviv along highway H02 Lviv-Ternopil and the railway line Krasne-Ternopil. Population — 25,000. Area — 11,64 km2.
The site was occupied from 1180AD under the name Radzicze until the end of the 13th century when a wooden Fort was constructed, This was burned in the 14th century during the invasion of the Crimean Tatars.
By 1523 it was already a city of Magdeburg rights.
Zolochiv was incorporated as a town on 15 September 1523 by the Polish king Sigismund I the Old. Located in the Ruthenian Voivodship of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, it belonged to several noble families.
From the first partition of Poland in 1772 until 1918, the town was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austria side after the compromise of 1867), head of the district with the same name, one of the 78 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Austrian Galicia province (Crown land) in 1900. The fate of this province was then disputed between Poland and Russia, until the Peace of Riga in 1921, attributing Galicia to the Second Polish Republic.
From 15 March 1923 to August 16, 1945, a town in the administrative district of the second Polish Republic in Ternopil. Zolochiv, still named Złoczów, belonged to the Tarnopol Voivodship until the Polish September Campaign in 1939, when it was occupied by the Soviet Union. Now, it is part of independent Ukraine.
After the attack of Nazi Germany on the USSR in June 1941 to July 1944 the city was incorporated into the General Government in the District of Galicia. From July 1944 to 16 August 1945 it was again occupied by the Red Army.
After the Yalta Conference (4–11 February 1945), drawn as a consequence of the findings of the interim Government of national unity signed on August 16, 1945, an agreement with the USSR, recognising the slightly modified Curzon line for the Eastern Polish border, on the basis of the agreement on the border between the SOVIET UNION and PKWN Government on July 27, 1944. In the Tarnopol voivodeship agreements Zolochiv was included in the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic in the USSR, where it remained until 1991.
Since 1991 on the territory of Ukraine.
- Zolochiv Castle, built in the early 17th century by Jakub Sobieski (the king's father)
- Stone Synagogue, 1724 ()(destroyed during World War II)
- Church of the Assumption, Zolochiv, 1730
- St. Nicolas Church, Zolochiv, 16th century
- Church of the Resurrection, Zolochiv, 17th century
- Church of the Ascension, Zolochiv, 19th century
- Arsenal, Zolochiv, 15th century
Famous people from Zolochiv
- Tadeusz Brzezinski, Polish diplomat, father of Zbigniew Brzezinski
- Jan Cienski, a Roman Catholic bishop,
- Wlodzimierz Demetrykiewicz, archaeologist, professor of the Jagiellonian University,
- Moyshe-Leyb Halpern, Yiddish writer
- Franz von Hillenbrand, a German aristocrat, Imperial and Royal accountant
- Roald Hoffmann, chemist who won the 1981 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
- Andriy Husin, football player
- Naphtali Herz Imber - Jewish poet, wrote lyrics of Hatikvah, the national anthem of Israel
- Tadeusz Hupalowski, a Polish Army general,
- Marian Iwańciów, a painter
- Rabbi Yechiel Michel, Maggid (Preacher) of Zlotshev
- Fryderyk Papee, historian, professor of the Jagiellonian University,
- Ilya Schor, a painter, jeweler, engraver, and artist of Judaica
- Abraham Shalit, Jewish historian
- James Sobieski, a Polish prince
- John III Sobieski, the king of Poland
- Katarzyna Sobieska, the sister of Jan III Sobieski and a noble lady
- Kamil Stefko, lawyer, one of creators of legal system of the Second Polish Republic
- Waclaw Swiezawski, bishop of Sandomierz,
- Jan Thullie, general of the Polish Army
- Rabbi Zev Wolf
- Igor Vovchanchyn, a MMA fighter
- Ignacy Zaborowski, mathematician, professor.
- Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm Klein, 1967
- Official city webpage (Ukrainian)
- History of Zolochiv and Zolochiv Region (in Ukrainian) (Ukrainian)
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