Zona da Mata (Minas Gerais)
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Zona da Mata
Location of the Mesoregion of Zona da Mata
|• Total||35,747.729 km2 (13,802.275 sq mi)|
|• Density||53.38/km2 (138.3/sq mi)|
|Time zone||BRT (UTC-3)|
|• Summer (DST)||BRST (UTC-2)|
|Area code(s)||+55 32|
Zona da Mata is a mesoregion of the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, situated in the southeastern part of the state, along the border of the states of Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro and Espírito Santo. The region has a lot of hills, and the heights varies from 100 to 1,900 meters. The most important river is the Paraíba do Sul.
Because of its geography it produces one of the best coffees of the region; coming first in 2007 in the annual Brazilian Quality Coffee for Espresso Awards (run by the Italian coffee company Illy).
Zona da Mata was the richest region of Minas Gerais from the 1850s to the 1930s due to coffee and milk production. Today - along with farming - textile, furniture, siderurgy and automotive industries are important to the economy of the region. Some important roads cross the region, like the BR-116, BR-040 and BR-267.
The most important and populous city of the region is Juiz de Fora with 500,000 inhabitants, roughly 25% of the Zona da Mata's population. Other important cities are:
- Além Paraíba
- Ponte Nova
- Santos Dumont
- Visconde do Rio Branco
"The Forbidden Lands: Colonial Identity, Frontier Violence, and the Persistence of Brazil's Eastern Indians, 1750-1830". Harold Langfur. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2006. Paperback, 2009.
- The Zona da Mata
- The historical geographical occupation of the Zona da Mata: on the "Forbidden lands"
- Cartography and occupartion of the territory: the Zona da Mata in the XVIII century and in the first half of the XIX century
- "Municípios de Minas Gerais" [Municipalities of Finas Gerais] (in Portuguese). Legislative Assembly of Minas Gerais. 2012-02-20. Retrieved 2014-12-26.
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