Zond 8

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Zond 8 (Soyuz 7K-L1 s/n 14)
Zond L1 drawing.png
Zond 8
Major contractors OKB-1
Bus Soyuz 7K-L1
Mission type Lunar flyby
Spacecraft test
Launch date 20 October 1970
19:55:39 UTC
Carrier rocket Proton-K/D
Launch site Baikonur
Landing site 730 kilometres (450 mi) SE of the
Chagos Archipelago, Indian Ocean
Mass 5,375 kilograms (11,850 lb)

Zond 8, a formal member of the Soviet Zond program and unmanned version of Soyuz 7K-L1 manned Moon-flyby spacecraft, was launched from an Earth orbiting platform, Tyazheliy Sputnik (70-088B), towards the Moon.

The announced objectives of Zond 8 were investigations of the Moon and circumlunar space and testing of onboard systems and units. The spacecraft obtained photographs of Earth on 21 October from a distance of 64,480 km. The spacecraft transmitted flight images of Earth for three days. Zond 8 flew past the Moon on October 24, 1970, at a distance of 1110.4 km and obtained both black-and-white and color photographs of the lunar surface. Scientific measurements were also obtained during the flight.

Zond 8 reentered the Earth's atmosphere and splashed down 730 km SE of the Chagos Archipelago, in the Indian Ocean on 27 October 1970, 24 km from the USSR recovery ship Taman.[1][2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Zond 8, Recovery Ship, Miss Distance", Soviet and Russian lunar exploration By Brian Harvey - page 218, Recovery Ship and Miss Distance.
  2. ^ "Zond 8, Landing Point" Archived September 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine., NASA Solar System Exploration - Zond 8, Splashdown area.

External links[edit]

This article was originally based on material from NASA (NSSDC) information on Zond 8