Zongolica

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Zongolica
Municipality and town
Flag of Zongolica
Flag
Zongolica is located in Mexico
Zongolica
Zongolica
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 18°40′N 97°00′W / 18.667°N 97.000°W / 18.667; -97.000Coordinates: 18°40′N 97°00′W / 18.667°N 97.000°W / 18.667; -97.000
Country  Mexico
State Veracruz
Government
 • Mayor Eliseo R. Macuixtle
Area
 • Total 347.33 km2 (134.10 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 • Total 26,251
Time zone Central Standard Time (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)

Zongolica is a municipality located in the south zone in the State of Veracruz, about 100 km from state capital Xalapa. It has a surface of 63.34 km². It is located at 18°40′N 97°00′W / 18.667°N 97.000°W / 18.667; -97.000. The name comes from Nahuatl Tzontli-coliuhqui 'crafty hair'.

The municipality of Zongolica is bordered to the north by Tequila and Omealca, to the east by Tezonapa, to the south by Puebla State and to the west by Los Reyes.[1] It produces principally maize, orange fruit coffee and mango. The climate is cold-humid, with an average temperature of 17.4 °C, with rains in summer and autumn.

Every October, a festival is held to celebrate San Francisco de Asís, patron of the town, and in December there is a festival in honor of the Virgin of Guadalupe.

Zongolica is home to the Ixcohuapa people, who are known for cooking and consuming larvae of Arsenura armida.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Zongolica
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 20.3
(68.5)
21
(70)
23.6
(74.5)
25.7
(78.3)
26.4
(79.5)
25.8
(78.4)
24.9
(76.8)
25.6
(78.1)
25.1
(77.2)
23.5
(74.3)
22.3
(72.1)
20.6
(69.1)
23.7
(74.7)
Average low °C (°F) 7.9
(46.2)
7.7
(45.9)
9.5
(49.1)
11.5
(52.7)
13.3
(55.9)
14.3
(57.7)
13.1
(55.6)
13.5
(56.3)
14
(57.2)
12.7
(54.9)
10.2
(50.4)
8.7
(47.7)
11.4
(52.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 86
(3.4)
64
(2.5)
61
(2.4)
94
(3.7)
150
(6)
437
(17.2)
528
(20.8)
442
(17.4)
427
(16.8)
251
(9.9)
135
(5.3)
94
(3.7)
2,771
(109.1)
Source: Weatherbase [2]

Fauna[edit]

Zongolica catfish Rhamdia zongolicensis is named after Zongolica[3] and only known from a single cave in the Sierra de Zongolica.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México: Zongolica" (in Spanish). Gobierno Estatal. Retrieved 2009-06-18.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  2. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Zongolica, Veracruz". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
  3. ^ Romero, Aldemaro; Paulson, Kelly M. (2001). "It's a wonderful hypogean life: a guide to the troglomorphic fishes of the world". Environmental Biology of Fishes. 62 (1–3): 13–41. doi:10.1023/A:1011844404235. 
  4. ^ Wilkens, Horst (2001). "Convergent adaptations to cave life in the Rhamdia laticauda catfish group (Pimelodidae, Teleostei)". Environmental Biology of Fishes. 62 (1–3): 251–261. doi:10.1023/A:1011897805681. 

External links[edit]