Zonitoides arboreus

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Zonitoides arboreus
Zonitoides arboreus.jpg
Two live individuals of Zonitoides arboreus on orchid plants in a greenhouse
NE[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia
clade Euthyneura
clade Panpulmonata
clade Eupulmonata
clade Stylommatophora
informal group Sigmurethra
clade limacoid clade
Superfamily: Gastrodontoidea
Family: Gastrodontidae
Genus: Zonitoides
Subgenus: Zonitoides
Species: Z. arboreus
Binomial name
Zonitoides arboreus
(Say, 1816)[2]

Zonitoides arboreus is species of small air-breathing land snail, a terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusk in the family Gastrodontidae. [3]

Distribution[edit]

The native distribution of Zonitoides arboreus includes:

  • North America[4]

The non-indigenous distribution includes:

In most cases listed above (but not all of them), this species is found as a pest in greenhouses.

Description[edit]

The shell is pale yellowish brown, translucent, faintly and irregularly striated.[4] The shell has 4-4.5 whorls. The shell is sometimes very slightly keeled.[4] The umbilicus is deep and contain 1/7 of diameter.[4] There is broadening at the last whorl.[4]

The width of the shell is 4.5–6 mm.[4] The height of the shell is 1.7–3 mm.[4]

Ecology[edit]

Zonitoides arboreus is common in woodlands and humid habitats, also in gardens.[4] In Europe it is found in greenhouses, and is occasionally reported outside as an escape.[4]

Snails in this species create and use love darts.

Parasites of Zonitoides arboreus include:

References[edit]

This article incorporates public domain text from the reference.[4]

  1. ^ 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Cited 6 September 2007.
  2. ^ Say T. (1817). Conchology. pp. [unpaginated], 4 pl., in: Nicholson, W. American edition of the British encyclopedia, or, dictionary of arts and sciences comprising an accurate and popular view of the present improved state of human knowledge. First Edition. Philadelphia. Mitchell & Ames.
  3. ^ Marshall, B. (2014). Zonitoides arboreus (Say, 1816). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=819980 on 2014-11-06
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Species summary for Zonitoides arboreus". AnimalBase, last modified 26 January 2010, accessed 4 September 2010.
  5. ^ Dvořák L. & Kupka L. 2007. The first outdoor find of an American snail Zonitoides arboreus (Say, 1816) from the Czech Republic. Malacologica Bohemoslovaca, 6: 1–2. Online serial at <http://mollusca.sav.sk> 9-Jan-2007.
  6. ^ Wu S.-P., Hwang C.-C., Huang H.-M., Chang H.-W., Lin Y.-S. & Lee P.-F. (2007). "Land Molluscan Fauna of the Dongsha Island with Twenty New Recorded Species". Taiwania 52(2): 145-151. PDF Archived July 18, 2011, at the Wayback Machine..
  7. ^ Spencer, H.G., Marshall, B.A. & Willan, R.C. (2009). Checklist of New Zealand living Mollusca. Pp 196-219 in Gordon, D.P. (ed.) New Zealand inventory of biodiversity. Volume one. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. Canterbury University Press, Christchurch.
  8. ^ Michigan Department of Natural Resources and Environment. "Brainworm". accessed 14 December 2010.

External links[edit]