Zoo Quest

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Zoo Quest
Zoo Quest series title card
Series title card from Zoo Quest for a Dragon
Genre Nature documentary
Presented by David Attenborough
Country of origin United Kingdom
Original language(s) English
No. of series 7
No. of episodes 42
Production
Cinematography Charles Lagus
Running time 30 minutes
Production company(s) BBC Travel & Exploration Unit
Release
Original network BBC Television Service
Picture format Black and white, 4:3
Audio format Mono
Original release 21 December 1954 (1954-12-21) – 31 May 1963 (1963-05-31)

Zoo Quest is a series of multi-part nature documentaries broadcast on the BBC Television Service between 1954 and 1963. It was the first major programme to feature David Attenborough.

In each series, Attenborough travelled with staff from London Zoo to a tropical country to capture an animal for the zoo's collection (the accepted practice at the time). Although the programme was structured around the quest for the animal, it also featured film of other wildlife in the area and of the local people and their customs. Attenborough introduced each programme from the studio and then narrated the film his team had shot on location. At the end of each series, the animals the team had captured were introduced in the studio, where experts from the zoo discussed them.

With the exception of the original 1954 series (which survives as edited compilations repeated the following year), all episodes of Zoo Quest exist in the BBC Archives. The series was the most popular wildlife programme of its time in Britain, and established Attenborough's career as a nature documentary presenter.

History[edit]

The seed for Zoo Quest was sown when Attenborough produced and presented a three-part nature programme, The Pattern of Animals, in the early 1950s. While researching animals for this programme, he befriended Jack Lester, the curator of the reptile house at London Zoo. Lester invited Attenborough to come along and film an expedition to Sierra Leone. In addition to capturing snakes for the zoo, Lester hoped to catch a white-necked rockfowl (Picathartes gymnocephalus), which had never been kept in a European zoo before. Attenborough, whose previous programmes had been studio-bound, was eager for a chance to film animals in the wild. He also thought the quest for the bird would make a compelling central story for the series. Attenborough and Lester were soon joined by a young Czech photographer, Charles Lagus, who would serve as Attenborough's cameraman and travelling companion throughout Zoo Quest's run. The team overcame the objections of BBC management to film the trip on 16mm film instead of the 35mm film that was then the Corporation's standard.

The original plan was for Lester to present the studio portion of the programme, while Attenborough produced it. However, Lester developed an unknown tropical disease soon after returning from Africa, and was able to present only one instalment before being taken into hospital. (After several recurrences of this illness Lester died in 1956 at the age of 47.) Because the programme had already been scheduled, Attenborough took over the presenter's role.

The first series, called simply Zoo Quest, gained viewers with each episode, and Attenborough found himself being stopped in the street and asked 'Are you going to catch that bird or not?' Six sequels followed, each named according to its theme. For example, Zoo Quest for a Dragon featured the first-ever television footage of the Komodo dragon, while Quest for the Paradise Birds was centred on the birds-of-paradise of New Guinea.

Attenborough wrote a book to accompany each series except the first. The books were later reprinted in abridged form as a two-volume set in the 1980s. Lagus also wrote two books inspired by the programme: Operation Noah's Ark and Benjamin, the Zoo Quest Bear.

By the time Quest Under Capricorn was completed, Attenborough felt that the series had run its course. The practice of catching wild animals for zoos had also begun to fall out of favour as zoos became more aware of their environmental impact. (Today London Zoo only captures animals in the wild if a species is so endangered that a captive breeding programme is its only hope.) Attenborough spent the next eight years as an administrator at the BBC before returning to full-time programme-making with Eastwards with Attenborough in 1973.

Several episodes of Zoo Quest were made available online in 2007 as part of the BBC's Open Archive trial. In January 2009, the BBC Archives website published a David Attenborough collection, consisting of material from the Zoo Quest years. British web users can watch all six episodes of Zoo Quest for a Dragon online, as well as a short interview with Attenborough. There are also documents relating to the production of the series.

Zoo Quest in Colour[edit]

In 2016, the BBC announced that footage of the first three expeditions had been unearthed by the BBC Natural History Unit that was found to have been shot in colour. At the time of the programme's inception in the 1950s, the BBC's film unit preferred 35 mm film for use in television programmes. However, 35 mm cameras were often big and unwieldy, and Attenborough wished to use the more lightweight, handheld 16 mm film cameras for filming Zoo Quest abroad. The BBC eventually relented, but only on the condition that colour film stock was used, as it gave the best picture quality for the format. (The BBC did not begin colour broadcasting until 1967 at the earliest). This film was then stored away and forgotten about, until 2015, when an archivist looking over the reels of film realised they were in fact in colour.

As a result, a special programme, Zoo Quest in Colour, was screened on BBC Four on 17 May 2016. 90 minutes in duration, the programme uses footage from the first three episodes, featuring the best footage from Zoo Quest trips to West Africa and South America. It also includes the best scenes from Zoo Quest for a Dragon, in which a komodo dragon was filmed in the wild for the first time. A few shots are in black and white, due to being filmed in low-light conditions on more sensitive black and white stock, and the programme also includes some of the framing black and white studio footage. All of the colour material was remastered direct from the original negative, and is therefore of much higher quality than the grainy and somewhat worn black and white prints that had previously been used.

Sir David said: "I was astonished when someone said we've got nearly all the film of the first three expeditions you did in colour. I said, 'it's impossible, we shot in black and white'."[1]

Music[edit]

The opening and closing music for the Paraguay programmes was "La Llegada" ("The Arrival"), composed by Enrique Samaniego the famous Paso Yobai harpist.

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

David Attenborough, Life on Air, BBC Books, 2002.

TV series[edit]

  • Zoo Quest (1954)
  • Zoo Quest to Guiana (1955) 6 episodes
  • Zoo Quest to West Africa (1955) 1 episode
  • Zoo Quest for a Dragon (1956) 6 episodes
  • Quest for the Paradise Birds (1957) 6 episodes
  • Zoo Quest in Paraguay (1959) 6 episodes
  • Zoo Quest to Madagascar (1961) 5 episodes
  • Quest Under Capricorn (1963)

Books[edit]

By David Attenborough[edit]

  • Zoo Quest to Guiana (1956)
  • Zoo Quest for a Dragon (1957), reprinted the following year with an additional chapter of material from the Quest for the Paradise Birds series
  • Zoo Quest in Paraguay (1959)
  • Quest in Paradise (1960), an accompaniment to the anthropological TV series The People of Paradise
  • Zoo Quest to Madagascar (1961)
  • Quest Under Capricorn (1963)
  • The Zoo Quest Expeditions (abridged combined volume of the first three books, 1980)
  • Journeys to the Past (abridged combined volume of the next three books, 1981)

Zoo Quest for a Dragon, Quest in Paradise and Quest Under Capricorn were released as audiobooks between 2006 and 2008, read by Attenborough.

By Charles Lagus[edit]

  • Benjamin, the Zoo Quest Bear (1957)
  • Operation Noah's Ark (1960)

External links[edit]