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Zoogeography is the branch of the science of biogeography that is concerned with the geographic distribution (present and past) of animal species.

Alfred Wallace is regarded to be the father of zoogeography.

In a similar way to geobotanic divisions, our planet is divided in zoogeographical (or faunal) Kingdoms, Regions and Provinces (further divided as territories and districts), sometimes including the categories Empire and Domain.

The current trend is to classify the floristic kingdoms of botany or zoogeographic regions of zoology as ecozones.

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