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Zoogeographic regions of Wallace, 1876

Zoogeography is the branch of the science of biogeography that is concerned with the geographic distribution (present and past) of animal species.[1]

Zoogeographic regions[edit]

Philip Sclater (1858) and Alfred Wallace (1876) identified the main zoogeographic regions of the world: Palaearctic, Aethiopian (today Afrotropic), Indian (today Indomalayan), Australasian, Nearctic and Neotropical.[2][3][4][5]

In a similar way to geobotanic divisions, our planet is divided in zoogeographical (or faunal) Kingdoms, Regions and Provinces (further divided as territories and districts), sometimes including the categories Empire and Domain.

The current trend is to classify the floristic kingdoms of botany or zoogeographic regions of zoology as ecozones.

See also[edit]



  1. ^ Darlington, P.J., Jr. 1957. Zoogeography: The Geographical Distribution of Animals. New York, [1].
  2. ^ Sclater, P.L. (1858). On the general geographical distribution of the members of the class Aves. J. Proc. Linnean Soc. Zool. 2: 130–145.
  3. ^ Wallace A.R. 1876. The geographical distribution of animals. Macmillan, London.
  4. ^ Cox, C. B., Moore, P.D. & Ladle, R. J. 2016. Biogeography: an ecological and evolutionary approach. 9th edition. John Wiley & Sons: Hoboken, p. 12, [2].
  5. ^ Holt, B. G., et al. (2013). An update of Wallace’s zoogeographic regions of the world. Science, vol. 339, no. 6115, pp. 74-78.

External links[edit]