Legality of bestiality by country or territory

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Legality of bestiality by country or territory concerns the laws governing humans performing sex acts with non-human animals. Laws against humans performing sex acts on animals, where they exist, are concerned with the actual act, which it commonly refers to as bestiality, rather than the sexual attraction to animals. For this reason, prohibitions of zoophilic pornography are more varied; they may be unlawful if an actual sex act with an animal is involved, but the status is not clear-cut if there is a mere representation, such as a painting or cartoon. In that case, normal obscenity laws will normally apply. All zoophilic imagery is widely regarded as pornography.

Political parties[edit]

On 21 April 2015, the Liberal Alliance was the only party in the Danish Folketing to oppose and vote against banning bestiality, while the Red-Green Alliance abstained. Liberal Alliance MP Joachim Olsen said about the bill: "Best case, this is a superficial law. Worst case, it is political populism and moralism".[1][2]

Organizations[edit]

Denmark's Animal Ethics Council opposed banning bestiality in Denmark in 2006 and 2015, saying existing laws which allow bestiality except in cases where the animal can be proved to have suffered were enough.[3][4]

Objectives[edit]

Laws on bestiality tend to be shaped by animal welfare concerns, moral views, and cultural beliefs. In many cultures, humans are seen as fundamentally different from other animals and having sex with animals is seen as defilement.[5]

One of the primary critiques of bestiality is that it is harmful to animals and necessarily abusive, because animals are unable to give or withhold consent.[6]

Background[edit]

International differences[edit]

Some jurisdictions list laws very clearly, such as England and Wales, which specifically prohibits penetration of a human being by the penis of an animal, and penetration of an animal by a human's penis.[7]

By contrast, many countries and US states are less precise about the scope of law in that they outlaw sex with animals, without defining what constitutes "sex".

Even if bestiality is not explicitly prohibited, there are often many other laws which can be used to effectively prosecute cases. For example, most countries have animal cruelty laws, and a prosecutor will argue that all zoophilia activity is animal abuse.[8] In some U.S. states, a person who engages in bestiality can be charged with animal cruelty.[9]

Prohibitions without specific bestiality statutes[edit]

Some countries have a range of laws on their books. Sometimes sodomy laws or "crime against nature" laws are used to prosecute people who have sex with animals.

In the case of Kenneth Pinyan, who died from injuries sustained from receiving anal sex from a horse, local law enforcement found that there were no laws that allowed them to prosecute his friend, who had filmed the event and also allowed himself to be sodomized by the horse. The friend was prosecuted for trespassing. That case prompted the Washington State legislature to draw up legislation outlawing sex with animals.[10]

In a 2005 Florida case, a man who had sex with his dog was charged with disorderly conduct, since the state had no anti-bestiality laws on the books at the time.[11] On 1 October 2011, the state of Florida State Law 828.126, F.S went into effect, banning sex with animals.[12]

Laws against sex with animals[edit]

Aggrawal has discussed extensively on laws against bestiality.[13] It is permitted in a few countries although ordinary animal treatment laws apply.

There are also commonly laws against forcing another person to engage in sexual activity with other animals, especially minors (usually considered equivalent to rape), and laws related to exposing others (either non-consensually or minors) to the sight of a sexual act. In some jurisdictions, laws against zoophilia conduct also include provisions for seizure of animals where convicted.

Zoophilic pornography[edit]

The legality of pornography has three components: legality of production, legality of sale and transportation, and legality of ownership. In general, animal pornography is legal to produce where both zoophilic activity and the creation of pornography in general are legal. Laws concerning sale, transmission and ownership vary more widely.

Erotic art, such as animal pornography in cartoons and the like, which does not require the recording of an actual sexual act, are not usually considered sex with animals by the law, and so their status depends upon more general laws such as legal limits upon obscenity or pornography alone, and the thin line between erotic art and pornography.

National laws[edit]

Laws affecting zoophilic activities vary across different countries and other sub-national jurisdictions. In general, these laws regulate performing or receiving sexual activity from non-human animals, or the sale, distribution, and ownership of zoophilic pornography.

Worldwide legality of zoophilia by country or territory
Legal:
  Legal
Illegal:
  Unenforced penalty
  Unknown punishment
  Whipping
  Determined by judge
  Fine (penalty) if the animal is forced, legal if the animal is not forced
  Fine (penalty)
  Imprisonment
  Up to life in prison
  Death penalty
Other:
  Unknown status


Africa[edit]

Northern Africa[edit]

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
Algeria Algeria ❌ Illegal since 8 June 1966

Penalty: Maximum of three years in prison and a fine 10,000 Algerian dinars[14]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
Canary Islands Canary Islands
(Autonomous community of Spain)
❌ Illegal since 30 March 2015

Penalty: Minimum of three months and one day to a maximum of one year of imprisonment and a year's disqualification and a day to three years for the exercise of profession, trade or business that is related to animals and animal husbandry[15][16]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Ceuta Ceuta
(Autonomous city of Spain)
❌ Illegal since 30 March 2015

Penalty: Minimum of three months and one day to a maximum of one year of imprisonment and a year's disqualification and a day to three years for the exercise of profession, trade or business that is related to animals and animal husbandry[15][16]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Egypt Egypt ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
Libya Libya ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
Madeira Madeira
(Autonomous region of Portugal)
❌ Illegal[15]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Melilla Melilla
(Autonomous city of Spain)
❌ Illegal since 30 March 2015

Penalty: Minimum of three months and one day to a maximum of one year of imprisonment and a year's disqualification and a day to three years for the exercise of profession, trade or business that is related to animals and animal husbandry[15][16]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Morocco Morocco ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
South Sudan South Sudan ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
Sudan Sudan ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
Tunisia Tunisia ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of three years' imprisonment[14]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown

Western Africa[edit]

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
Benin Benin ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Burkina Faso Burkina Faso ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Cape Verde Cape Verde ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Ivory Coast Côte d'Ivoire ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
The Gambia Gambia ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of fourteen years' imprisonment[14]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
Ghana Ghana ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of three years' imprisonment[14]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
Guinea Guinea ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Liberia Liberia ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Mali Mali ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
Mauritania Mauritania ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Niger Niger ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Nigeria Nigeria ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of fourteen years' imprisonment[14]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Senegal Senegal ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
Sierra Leone Sierra Leone ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of life imprisonment[14]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
Togo Togo ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown

Central Africa[edit]

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
Cameroon Cameroon ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of five years' imprisonment [17]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Central African Republic Central African Republic ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Chad Chad ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo Yes check.svg Legal[18] ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Gabon Gabon ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Saint Helena Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
(Overseas territory of the United Kingdom)
❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé and Príncipe ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown

Southeast Africa[edit]

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
Burundi Burundi ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Minimum of one year's imprisonment, maximum of three years' imprisonment, fine of fifty thousand to one hundred thousand francs, or both[19]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Kenya Kenya ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of fourteen years' imprisonment or the common law offense[14]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
Rwanda Rwanda ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of two years' imprisonment[20]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
Uganda Uganda ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of life imprisonment[14]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
Tanzania Tanzania ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of life imprisonment[14]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal

Horn of Africa[edit]

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
Djibouti Djibouti ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
Eritrea Eritrea ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of six months in prison and a fine 20,000 Nakfas[21]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
Ethiopia Ethiopia ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Imprisonment[22]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
Somalia Somalia ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
Somaliland Somaliland ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal

Indian Ocean States[edit]

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
British Indian Ocean Territory British Indian Ocean Territory
(Overseas territory of the United Kingdom)
❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Comoros Comoros ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
French Southern and Antarctic Lands French Southern and Antarctic Lands
(Overseas territory of France)
❌ Illegal since 9 March 2004

Penalty: Maximum of 2 years in prison and €30,000 fine[23]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Madagascar Madagascar Yes check.svg Legal[18] ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Mauritius Mauritius ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of five years' imprisonment[14]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Mayotte Mayotte
(Overseas department of France)
❌ Illegal since 9 March 2004

Penalty: Maximum of 2 years in prison and €30,000 fine[23]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Réunion Réunion
(Overseas department of France)
❌ Illegal since 9 March 2004

Penalty: Maximum of 2 years in prison and €30,000 fine[23]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Seychelles Seychelles ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown

Southern Africa[edit]

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
Angola Angola Yes check.svg Legal[18] ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Botswana Botswana ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of seven years' imprisonment[14]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
Eswatini Eswatini (Swaziland) ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Lesotho Lesotho ❌ Illegal[24] ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Malawi Malawi ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of fourteen years' imprisonment, with or without corporal punishment[14]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Mozambique Mozambique Yes check.svg Legal[18] ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Namibia Namibia ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Determined by judge[14]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
South Africa South Africa ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Determined by judge[25]

❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of five years in prison and R200,000 fine[26]

❓ Unknown
Zambia Zambia ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of life imprisonment[14]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Up to one year in prison[27]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown

Americas[edit]

North America[edit]

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
Bermuda Bermuda
(Overseas territory of the United Kingdom)
❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Canada Canada ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Up to 10 years in prison[28]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Greenland Greenland
(Constituent country of the Kingdom of Denmark)
❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Flag of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon.svg Saint Pierre et Miquelon
(Overseas collectivity of France)
❌ Illegal since 9 March 2004

Penalty: Maximum of 2 years in prison and €30,000 fine[23]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Mexico[edit]
Country, federal district, or state Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
Mexico Mexico N/A N/A N/A
Aguascalientes Aguascalientes ❌ Illegal since 2009[29]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Baja California Baja California ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Baja California Sur Baja California Sur ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Campeche Campeche ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Chiapas Chiapas ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Chihuahua (state) Chihuahua ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Coahuila Coahuila ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Colima Colima ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Durango Durango ❌ Illegal since 2013[30]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Guanajuato Guanajuato ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Guerrero Guerrero ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Hidalgo (state) Hidalgo ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Jalisco Jalisco ❌ Illegal since 2012[31]

Penalty: ❓ unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Michoacán Michoacán ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Morelos Morelos ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
State of Mexico Mexico ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Mexico City Mexico City ❌ Illegal[32]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Nayarit Nayarit ❌ Illegal since 2006[33]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Nuevo León Nuevo León ❌ Illegal since 2016[34]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Oaxaca Oaxaca ❌ Illegal since 2015

Penalty: Maximum of one year in prison and a fine of 800 days of salary[35]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Puebla Puebla ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Querétaro Querétaro ❌ Illegal since 2009[36]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Quintana Roo Quintana Roo ❌ Illegal since 2013[37]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
San Luis Potosí San Luis Potosí ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Sinaloa Sinaloa ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Sonora Sonora ❌ Illegal[38]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Tabasco Tabasco ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Tamaulipas Tamaulipas ❌ Illegal since 2010[39]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Tlaxcala Tlaxcala ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Veracruz Veracruz ❌ Illegal since 2010[40]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Yucatán Yucatán ❌ Illegal since 2011[41]

'Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Zacatecas Zacatecas ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
United States[edit]

Central America[edit]

In the early 2000s, sex with animals was legal in all Central American countries except Belize. From 2011 to 2017, all Central American countries banned it.

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
Belize Belize ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of ten years' imprisonment[14]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
France Clipperton Island
(Overseas minor territory of France)
❌ Illegal since 9 March 2004

Penalty: Maximum of 2 years in prison and €30,000 fine[23]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Costa Rica Costa Rica ❌ Illegal since 2015[42][43]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
El Salvador El Salvador ❌ Illegal since 2016[44][45]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Guatemala Guatemala ❌ Illegal since 2017[46][47]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❌ Illegal since 2017[46][47]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown
Honduras Honduras ❌ Illegal since 2015[48]

Penalty: Seizure of animals, and 10 minimum salaries to 25 minimum salaries

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Nicaragua Nicaragua ❌ Illegal since 2011[49]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Panama Panama ❌ Illegal since 2012[50]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown

Caribbean[edit]

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
Anguilla Anguilla
(Overseas territory of the United Kingdom)
❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Aruba Aruba
(Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
The Bahamas Bahamas ❓ Unknown ♠ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Barbados Barbados ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of life imprisonment[14]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
British Virgin Islands British Virgin Islands
(Overseas territory of the United Kingdom)
❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Caribbean Netherlands Caribbean Netherlands
(Bonaire, Sint Eustatius, Saba; Special municipalities of the Netherlands)
Yes check.svg Legal. ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Cayman Islands Cayman Islands
(Overseas territory of the United Kingdom)
Yes check.svg Legal. ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Cuba Cuba ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Curaçao Curaçao
(Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Dominica Dominica ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Grenada Grenada ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of ten years' imprisonment[14]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Guadeloupe Guadeloupe
(Overseas department of France)
❌ Illegal since 9 March 2004

Penalty: Maximum of 2 years in prison and €30,000 fine[23]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
United States Guantanamo Bay Naval Base
(Extraterritorial jurisdiction of the United States)
Yes check.svg Legal for civilians

❌ Illegal for armed service members since 16 September 2016


Penalty: Maximum of dishonorable discharge, forfeiture of all pay and allowances, and confinement for 5 years.[51][52][53]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Haiti Haiti Unclear/Unknown. "Mistreatment of animals" is illegal in Haiti since 1835, but bestiality was not specifically named in the criminal code. A 2020 legal reform published by President of Haiti Jovenel Moïse specifies it is a crime "to force anyone to have sex with a beast". It makes no mention of voluntary sex with a beast.[54] ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Jamaica Jamaica Yes check.svg Legal for foreigners from other countries. ❌ Illegal for registered Rastafari.

Penalty: Maximum of ten years' imprisonment and hard labor[14]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Martinique Martinique
(Overseas department of France)
❌ Illegal since 9 March 2004

Penalty: Maximum of 2 years in prison and €30,000 fine[23]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Montserrat Montserrat
(Overseas territory of the United Kingdom)
❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico
(Commonwealth of the United States)
❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of 6 months in prison and a $25,000 fine[55][56]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Flag of Saint Barthélemy (local).svg Saint Barthélemy
(Overseas collectivity of France)
❌ Illegal since 9 March 2004

Penalty: Maximum of 2 years in prison and €30,000 fine[23]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Kitts and Nevis ❌ Illegal/Unenforced/

Penalty: Maximum of four years' imprisonment, with or without hard labor for buggery
Maximum of four years' imprisonment for attempted buggery[14]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Saint Lucia Saint Lucia ❌ Illegal/Unenforced/

Penalty: Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Flag of France.svg Saint Martin
(Overseas collectivity of France)
❌ Illegal since 9 March 2004

Penalty: Maximum of 2 years in prison and €30,000 fine[23]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent and the Grenadines ❌ Illegal/Unenforced/.

Penalty: Maximum of ten years' imprisonment[14]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Sint Maarten Sint Maarten
(Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Turks and Caicos Islands Turks and Caicos Islands
(Overseas territory of the United Kingdom)
15px Legal ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
United States Virgin Islands United States Virgin Islands
(Insular area of the United States)
❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of five years' imprisonment[57]

❌ Illegal/Uneforced/[57]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❌ Illegal/Unenforced/[57]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

South America[edit]

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
Argentina Argentina Yes check.svg Legal ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Bolivia Bolivia ❌ Illegal since 1 July 2015

Penalty: Maximum of 1 year's imprisonment and a fine of 60 days, or lose work benefits of 6 months[58]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Brazil Brazil ❌ Illegal ❌ Illegal[59] ❌ Illegal[59]
Chile Chile Yes check.svg Legal[60] It can be prosecuted under Law 21020 if the animal is hurt[61] ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Colombia Colombia ❌ Illegal since 2015

Penalty: Maximum of 63 months' imprisonment or a minimum of 21 months' imprisonment, special inability of 1.75 to 5.25 years for the exercise of profession, trade, trade or tenure related to animals, and a maximum fine of 105 minimum wages or a minimum of 8.75 minimum wages[62][63]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Ecuador Ecuador ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of 8 years in prison[64]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Falkland Islands Falkland Islands
(Overseas territory of the United Kingdom)
❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
French Guiana French Guiana
(Overseas department of France)
❌ Illegal since 9 March 2004

Penalty: Maximum of 2 years in prison and €30,000 fine[23]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Guyana Guyana ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of life imprisonment[14]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
Paraguay Paraguay ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Peru Peru ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Suriname Suriname ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Uruguay Uruguay ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Venezuela Venezuela ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown

Asia[edit]

Central Asia[edit]

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Tajikistan Tajikistan ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Turkmenistan Turkmenistan ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Uzbekistan Uzbekistan ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown

Eurasia[edit]

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
Akrotiri and Dhekelia Akrotiri and Dhekelia
(Overseas territory of the United Kingdom)
❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of three years' imprisonment[65]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Armenia Armenia ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Cyprus Cyprus ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of three years' imprisonment[66]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Georgia (country) Georgia ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Minimum of one year's imprisonment, maximum of five years' imprisonment[67]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Northern Cyprus Northern Cyprus ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown

Western Asia[edit]

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
Bahrain Bahrain ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
Iran Iran ❌ Illegal

Penalty: The first three convictions are determined by a judge and the fourth offense is capital punishment[68]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
Iraq Iraq ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
Israel Israel ❌ No specific laws against bestiality[69], but prosecuted as animal abuse[70] ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Jordan Jordan ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
Kuwait Kuwait ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
Lebanon Lebanon ❌ Illegal since 1 March 1943

Penalty: Maximum of one year's imprisonment[14][71]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
Oman Oman ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
State of Palestine Palestine ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Qatar Qatar ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of capital punishment[14]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of capital punishment[14]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
Syria Syria ❌ Illegal since 22 June 1949

Penalty: Maximum of three years' imprisonment[14][72]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of capital punishment[14]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
Yemen Yemen ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal

Southern Asia[edit]

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
Afghanistan Afghanistan ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
Bangladesh Bangladesh ❌ Illegal since 25 July 1828 (As part of Company rule in India)

Penalty: Maximum of life imprisonment (Unenforced)[14][73]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
Bhutan Bhutan ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of one year imprisonment[14]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
India India ❌ Illegal since 25 July 1828 (As part of Company rule in India)

Penalty: Maximum of life imprisonment[14][73]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
Maldives Maldives ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of thirty months' imprisonment[14][74]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
Nepal Nepal ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
Pakistan Pakistan ❌ Illegal since 25 July 1828 (As part of Company rule in India)

Penalty: Maximum of life imprisonment[14][73]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of ten years' imprisonment (Unenforced)[14]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown

Eastern Asia[edit]

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
China China ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
Hong Kong Hong Kong
(Special administrative region of China)
❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of 10 years in prison and $50,000 fine[75]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Japan Japan Yes check.svg Legal (Generally no laws on bestiality)[76] Unknown Unknown
Macau Macau
(Special administrative region of China)
❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Mongolia Mongolia ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
North Korea North Korea ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
South Korea South Korea ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of one year in prison or fines which can total up to 20 million

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
Taiwan Taiwan ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown

Southeast Asia[edit]

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
Brunei Brunei ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of capital punishment[77]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
Myanmar Myanmar ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of life imprisonment[14]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Cambodia Cambodia Yes check.svg Legal ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
East Timor East Timor ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Laos Laos ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
Malaysia Malaysia ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of twenty years' imprisonment and shall also be brought to whipping[14]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
Philippines Philippines ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
Singapore Singapore ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of two years in prison and fine (Unenforced)[78]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
Thailand Thailand ❌ Illegal since 2014

Penalty: Imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year. A fine of 20,000 baht also applies[79]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
Vietnam Vietnam ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
Republic of Indonesia[edit]
Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
Indonesia Indonesia ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
Aceh Aceh ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of 100 whips[80]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Bali Bali ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Bangka Belitung Islands Bangka Belitung Islands ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Banten Banten ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Bengkulu Bengkulu ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Central Java Central Java ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Central Kalimantan Central Kalimantan ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Central Sulawesi Central Sulawesi ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
East Java East Java ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
East Kalimantan East Kalimantan ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
East Nusa Tenggara East Nusa Tenggara ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Gorontalo Gorontalo ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Jakarta Jakarta ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Jambi Jambi ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Lampung Lampung ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Maluku (province) Maluku ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
North Kalimantan North Kalimantan ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
North Maluku North Maluku ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
North Sulawesi North Sulawesi ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
North Sumatra North Sumatra ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Papua (province) Papua ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
Riau Riau ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Riau Islands Riau Islands ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Southeast Sulawesi Southeast Sulawesi ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
South Kalimantan South Kalimantan ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
South Sulawesi South Sulawesi ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
South Sumatra South Sumatra ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
West Java West Java ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
West Kalimantan West Kalimantan ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
West Nusa Tenggara West Nusa Tenggara ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
West Papua (province) West Papua ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
West Sulawesi West Sulawesi ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
West Sumatra West Sumatra ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Special Region of Yogyakarta Yogyakarta ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown

Europe[edit]

Central Europe[edit]

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
Austria Austria ❌ Illegal[15]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of a year's imprisonment and a fine of 360 days' rates[81]

Yes check.svg Legal[81]
Croatia Croatia ❌ Illegal[15]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Czech Republic Czech Republic ❌ Illegal[15]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of a 1 year's imprisonment, prohibition to undertake an activity, or to confiscation of a thing or another property value[82]

Yes check.svg Legal[83]
Germany Germany ❌ Illegal since 2013 13th provision.[84] The law was unsuccessfully challenged in 2016[85][86][87][88][89]

Penalty: Maximum of a €25,000 fine[90]

❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of a fine or 3 years' imprisonment[91][92]

Yes check.svg Legal (as long as it is not owned with intention of publicizing, sharing or selling)[91][92]
Hungary Hungary Yes check.svg Legal[15][93] ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Liechtenstein Liechtenstein ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Poland Poland ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of 3 years in prison, donation to animal welfare charity and prohibition of owning an animal for up to 10 years (if done in order to distribute or sell the penalty is increased to a minimum of 6 months and maximum of 8 years in prison)[15][94]

❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum 5 years' to a minimum of 3 months' imprisonment[95]

Yes check.svg Legal (if not possessed with intent to sell or distribute)
Romania Romania Yes check.svg Legal[15] ❓ Unknown; Law only mentions a ban on "sites with […] zoophilic content", which are to be blocked by ISPs at the request of the National Authority for Management and Regulation in Communications[96] Yes check.svg Legal[96]
Slovakia Slovakia ❌ Illegal[15]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Slovenia Slovenia ❌ Illegal[15]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Switzerland Switzerland ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Imprisonment (In the case of repeated or serious infringements, authorities may prohibit the keeping or breeding of animals for trade or professional occupation)[97]

❌ Illegal[98]

Penalty: A fine or a Maximum of 3 years imprisonment

❌ Illegal

Penalty: A fine or a Maximum of 1 year imprisonment

Eastern Europe[edit]

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
Abkhazia Abkhazia ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Armenia Armenia ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Belarus Belarus Yes check.svg Legal[99] ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
Georgia (country) Georgia ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Moldova Moldova ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Republic of Artsakh Artsakh ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Russia Russia Yes check.svg Legal, unless animal is hurt (no explicit law)[100] ❌ Illegal[citation needed]

Penalty: Minimum 1 year of imprisonment. Maximum 2 years.

Or a fine.


Yes check.svg Legal
South Ossetia South Ossetia ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Transnistria Transnistria[101] ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Ukraine Ukraine ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown

Northern Europe[edit]

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
Denmark Denmark ❌ Illegal since 1 July 2015

Penalty: Fine or a maximum of 4 months in prison[102][103]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Estonia Estonia ❌ Illegal[15]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Faroe Islands Faroe Islands
(Constituent country of the Kingdom of Denmark)
❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Finland Finland Yes check.svg Legal since 15 January 1971[104][105] ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

Iceland Iceland Illegal since 1 January 2014[106] ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
Latvia Latvia ❌ Illegal[15]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Lithuania Lithuania ❌ Illegal[15]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
Norway Norway ❌ Illegal since 2008[107]

Penalty: Fine and/or maximum of 3 years in prison.[108]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Sweden Sweden ❌ Illegal since 2014

Penalty: Fine, maximum of 2 years' imprisonment, or both[109]

Southern Europe[edit]

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
Albania Albania ✔️ legal ✔️ legal ✔️ legal
Andorra Andorra ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Bulgaria Bulgaria ❌ Illegal ❌ Illegal ❌ Illegal
Gibraltar Gibraltar
(Overseas territory of the United Kingdom)
❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Greece Greece ❌ Illegal[110] ❌ illegal[110] ❌ illegal[110]
Italy Italy ❌ No specific laws against bestiality, but in 2012 the Supreme Court of Cassation sentenced a man to six months in jail for forcing his dogs to have sex with women.[15]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

Yes check.svg Legal[81] Yes check.svg Legal[81]
North Macedonia North Macedonia ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Malta Malta ✔️ Legal[111]
✔️ Legal ✔️ Legal
Montenegro Montenegro ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Portugal Portugal ❌ Illegal[15]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
San Marino San Marino ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Serbia Serbia ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Spain Spain ❌ Illegal since 30 March 2015

Penalty: Minimum of three months and one day to a maximum of one year of imprisonment and a year's disqualification and a day to three years for the exercise of profession, trade or business that is related to animals and animal husbandry[112][15][16]

Yes check.svg Legal[81] Yes check.svg Legal[81]
Turkey Turkey ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of 2 years' imprisonment[113]

❌ Illegal

Penalty: Minimum of one year's imprisonment and a maximum of four years' imprisonment

❌ Illegal

Penalty: Minimum of one year's imprisonment and a maximum of four years' imprisonment

Vatican City Vatican City ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown

Western Europe[edit]

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
Belgium Belgium ❌ Illegal since 2007

Penalty: Maximum of 6 months in prison and a fine of €1,000[114]

❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

France France ❌ Illegal since 9 March 2004

Penalty: Maximum of 2 years in prison and €30,000 fine[23]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Guernsey Guernsey
(Crown dependency of the United Kingdom)
❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Republic of Ireland Ireland ❌ Illegal since 1634[116]

Penalty: Maximum of life in prison[117][118]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Isle of Man Isle of Man
(Crown dependency of the United Kingdom)
❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Jersey Jersey
(Crown dependency of the United Kingdom)
❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Luxembourg Luxembourg ❌ Illegal[15]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Monaco Monaco ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Netherlands Netherlands ❌ Illegal since 2010

Penalty: Maximum of 1 year in prison and €19,500 fine[119]

❌ Illegal since 2010

Penalty: Maximum 6 months' imprisonment or a fine of €7,800[120]

❌ Illegal since 2010

Penalty: Maximum 6 months' imprisonment or a fine of €7,800[120]

United Kingdom United Kingdom ❌ Illegal since 1558
(As part of Kingdom of England for England and Wales only)

❌ Illegal since 1634
(As part of Kingdom of Ireland for Northern Ireland only)[116]
❌ Illegal
(As part of United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland for Scotland only)


Penalty: Maximum of 2 years in prison for conviction on indictment
Maximum of 6 months in prison and a fine for summary conviction[7][121]

❌ Illegal since 26 January 2009

Penalty: Maximum of 12 months' imprisonment in England or 6 months' imprisonment in Northern Ireland, a fine, or both on summary conviction
Maximum of 2 years' imprisonment, a fine, or both on conviction on indictment[122]

❌ Illegal since 26 January 2009

Penalty: Maximum of 12 months' imprisonment in England or 6 months' imprisonment in Northern Ireland, a fine, or both on summary conviction
Maximum of 2 years' imprisonment, a fine, or both on conviction on indictment[122]

Oceania[edit]

Australasia[edit]

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
New Zealand New Zealand ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of 7 years in prison ("bestiality")
Maximum of 3 years in prison ("indecency with animal")[123][124]

❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of a $2000 fine for an individual ("possession an objectionable publication")
Maximum of 10 years in prison or a $50,000 fine for an individual ("possession of objectionable publications with knowledge")[125][126][127]

Commonwealth of Australia[edit]
Country, state, or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
Australia Australia ❌ Illegal ❌ Illegal[128]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

Importation (including downloading) illegal.
Australia Ashmore and Cartier Islands ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Australia Australian Antarctic Territory ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Australian Capital Territory Australian Capital Territory ❌ Illegal since 2011

Penalty: Maximum ten years' imprisonment[129]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Christmas Island Christmas Island ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Cocos (Keeling) Islands Cocos (Keeling) Islands ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Australia Coral Sea Islands ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Australia Heard Island and McDonald Islands ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Australia Jervis Bay Territory ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
New South Wales New South Wales ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum fourteen years' imprisonment[129]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Norfolk Island Norfolk Island ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Northern Territory Northern Territory ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum three years' imprisonment[129]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Queensland Queensland ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum seven years' imprisonment[129]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
South Australia South Australia ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum ten years' imprisonment[129]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Tasmania Tasmania ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum 21 years' imprisonment[129]

❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum two years' imprisonment and/or fine[130]

❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum one year imprisonment and/or fine[131]

Victoria (Australia) Victoria ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum five years' imprisonment[129]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Western Australia Western Australia ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum seven years' imprisonment[129]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown

Melanesia[edit]

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
Fiji Fiji ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of fourteen years in prison with corporal punishment[132]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
New Caledonia New Caledonia
(Overseas collectivity of France)
❌ Illegal since 9 March 2004

Penalty: Maximum of 2 years in prison and €30,000 fine[23]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of fourteen years in prison[14]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
Solomon Islands Solomon Islands ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of fourteen years in prison[14]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Vanuatu Vanuatu ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown

Micronesia[edit]

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
Guam Guam
(Unincorporated territory of the United States)
Yes check.svg Legal ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Federated States of Micronesia Federated States of Micronesia ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Kiribati Kiribati ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of fourteen years in prison[14]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Marshall Islands Marshall Islands ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Nauru Nauru ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Northern Mariana Islands Northern Mariana Islands
(Unincorporated territory of the United States)
Yes check.svg Legal ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Palau Palau ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown

Polynesia[edit]

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
American Samoa American Samoa
(Unincorporated territory of the United States)
Yes check.svg Legal ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Easter Island Easter Island
(Overseas territory of Chile)
Yes check.svg Legal[60] ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Cook Islands Cook Islands
(Part of the Realm of New Zealand)
❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of seven years in prison[14]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
French Polynesia French Polynesia
(Overseas collectivity of France)
❌ Illegal since 9 March 2004

Penalty: Maximum of 2 years in prison and €30,000 fine[23]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Niue Niue
(Part of the Realm of New Zealand)
❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Pitcairn Islands Pitcairn Islands
(Overseas territory of the United Kingdom)
❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Samoa Samoa ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of five years in prison[14]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Tokelau Tokelau
(Part of the Realm of New Zealand)
❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Tonga Tonga ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of ten years in prison[14]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Tuvalu Tuvalu ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of fourteen years in prison[14]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
United States United States Minor Outlying Islands
(Unincorporated organized territory of the United States)
Yes check.svg Legal ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
Wallis and Futuna Wallis and Futuna
(Overseas collectivity of France)
❌ Illegal since 9 March 2004

Penalty: Maximum of 2 years in prison and €30,000 fine[23]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown

History[edit]

Mentions in the press[edit]

  • Wisconsin, USA (2007) - Bryan James Hathaway was convicted for having sex with a dead deer. The court case raised some interesting legal issues because the statute prohibits sex with animals, but not carcasses. The defence raised the issue that if a dead animal was an animal, at what point would it cease to be an animal. He was sentenced to 6 months probation and labeled as a sex offender.[133]
  • Kansas, USA (2012) - Joshua Coman was convicted in Kansas of criminal sodomy (a misdemeanor), but the Kansas Supreme Court ruled that he did not have to register as a sex offender.[134][135]
  • Vancouver, Canada (2012) - Brian Cutteridge, bestiality proponent, was arrested after the SPCA claims to have a video of him engaging in sex with one of his dogs.[136]
  • Arizona, USA (2012) - Sarah Dae Walker and her husband pleaded guilty to conspiracy to commit bestiality in a case where Craigslist was used.[137]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Denmark's bestiality ban moves forward". www.thelocal.dk. 25 February 2015. Archived from the original on 6 November 2017. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  2. ^ "Denmark officially bans bestiality". www.thelocal.dk. 21 April 2015. Archived from the original on 14 September 2017. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  3. ^ "Denmark outlaws bestiality in narrow vote". www.cbsnews.com. Archived from the original on 29 May 2019. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  4. ^ Det Dyreetiske Råd: Udtalelse om menneskers seksuelle omgang med dyr Archived 12 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine, The Animal Ethics Council: Statement on the sexual relations of humans with animals
  5. ^ "Hubby does it doggy style". Archived from the original on 3 February 2005.
  6. ^ Regan, Tom. Animal Rights, Human Wrongs. Rowman & Littlefield, 2003, pp. 63–4, 89.
  7. ^ a b "Sexual Offences Act 2003, Section 69". HM Government. 2003. Archived from the original on 28 August 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
  8. ^ The argument that "all sexual activity with animals is automatically abuse" was made for example, in 1) the 2004 case of State vs. Mitchell Archived 16 July 2006 at the Wayback Machine (Florida), 2) the 2004 Pony case in Utrecht, Holland (cited below), and 3) the 2006 Washington state law which asserts as its foundational premise that "animal cruelty in the first degree is committed when a person knowingly engages in sexual conduct or sexual contact with an animal." SB-6417 2006
  9. ^ "Man Charged With Sexually Abusing Animals". WBNS-10TV. 16 June 2011. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
  10. ^ "The Animal In You". The Stranger. February–March 2006. Archived from the original on 11 April 2006. Retrieved 30 April 2006.
  11. ^ "Man charged with having intercourse with his Guide Dog". Archived from the original on 21 May 2008.
  12. ^ "Section 828.126, Florida Statutes". The Florida Senate. 2011. Archived from the original on 8 April 2013. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
  13. ^ Aggrawal, Anil (2009). Forensic and Medico-legal Aspects of Sexual Crimes and Unusual Sexual Practices. Boca Raton: CRC Press. ISBN 978-1-4200-4308-2. Archived from the original on 10 February 2010. Retrieved 9 August 2009.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao "State Sponsored Homophobia 2016: A world survey of sexual orientation laws: criminalisation, protection and recognition" (PDF). International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association. 17 May 2016. Archived (PDF) from the original on 8 August 2016. Retrieved 19 May 2016.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "Denmark passes law to ban bestiality". BBC Newsbeat. 22 April 2015. Archived from the original on 6 August 2015. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  16. ^ a b c d "Google Translate". translate.google.com. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  17. ^ "Penal Code of Cameroon" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 25 January 2019. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  18. ^ a b c d "Animal welfare in OIE member countries & territories in the SADC region" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 January 2019. Retrieved 24 April 2019.
  19. ^ "Google Translate". translate.google.com. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  20. ^ "Penal Code of Rwanda" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 January 2018. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  21. ^ "Criminal Code of Eritrea" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 December 2019. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  22. ^ "Criminal Code of Ethiopia 2004 - Article 633.- Sexual Intercourse with an Animal" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 8 October 2009. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "French Penal Code Article 521-1" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 21 October 2012. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  24. ^ "Penal Code Act, 2010 | Lesotho Legal Information Institute". lesotholii.org. Archived from the original on 26 January 2019. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  25. ^ Criminal Law (Sexual Offences and Related Matters) Amendment Act 32 of 2007 Archived 23 May 2012 at the Wayback Machine, s. 13.
  26. ^ Films and Publications Act 65 of 1996[permanent dead link] s. 24A(2) read with s. 18(3)(b)(ii).
  27. ^ "CRIMINAL LAW (CODIFICATION AND REFORM) ACT [CHAPTER 9:23" (PDF). Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  28. ^ "An Act to amend the Criminal Code (bestiality and animal fighting)". 2019. Archived from the original on 12 July 2019. Retrieved 18 July 2019.
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