|Also known as||Down the Line|
|Origin||Adelaide, South Australia, Australia|
|Labels||Columbia, EMI, Fanfare Classic|
|Associated acts||Little River Band, Cotton Keays & Morris, The Ferrets|
Zoot were a pop rock band formed in Adelaide, South Australia in 1965 as Down the Line. They changed their name to Zoot in 1967 and by 1968 had relocated to Melbourne. They had a top five hit on the Go-Set national singles chart with a heavy rock cover of The Beatles' ballad "Eleanor Rigby" released in 1970; but they disbanded in May 1971.
Mainstay bass guitarist, Beeb Birtles, was later a founder of Little River Band in 1975 and guitarist singer-songwriter, Rick Springfield, who moved to the United States in 1972, achieved international fame as a solo artist, songwriter and actor.
Zoot reunited for the Rick Springfield and Friends cruise in November 2011.
Plympton High School mates John D'Arcy on guitars and vocals, and Gerard Bertlekamp (later known as Beeb Birtles) initially on lead guitar and vocals formed Times Unlimited in Adelaide, South Australia with drummer Ted Higgins and a bass guitarist in 1964. Birtles moved to bass guitar and they were joined by Darryl Cotton, lead vocalist from local rivals, The Murmen. The new group of Birtles, Cotton, D'Arcy and Higgins formed in 1965, and were named Down the Line from The Hollies version of Roy Orbison's "Go Go Go (Down the Line)". Soon Gordon Rawson, an ex-school mate of Birtles, briefly joined on rhythm guitar.
Down the Line performed covers of English Mod groups: The Hollies, The Move, The Who and The Small Faces in many clubs and discos around Adelaide, gradually gathering a following. They sometimes backed Bev Harrell, a then popular singer, who was managed by Darryl Sambell. By May 1967, Sambell also managed rising singer, Johnny Farnham, and used Down the Line as session musicians on demo recordings which secured Farnham a contract with EMI Records. One of these was "In My Room", written by Farnham, which became the B-side of his debut single, "Sadie (The Cleaning Lady)" released in November. After recording with Farnham, Down the Line were approached by Adelaide-based musician, Doc Neeson, who was interested in band management and suggested:
Y'know, you should change the name to something short and punchy like Zoot.— Doc Neeson, mid-1967.
They liked the name but did not sign with Neeson, who formed a pub rock band The Angels in 1970. Zoot were playing some original material in their set and by early 1968 D'Arcy was replaced on guitar by Steve Stone. D'Arcy was later a member of Allison Gros alongside Graeham Goble. Other Adelaide bands, The Twilights and The Masters Apprentices, inspired Zoot to tackle the national market, so in mid-1968, Zoot relocated to Melbourne. Prior to the move, they had entered the South Australian heats of Hoadley's Battle of the Sounds, finishing second in a tense contest to The Masters Apprentices (eventually second nationally to The Groove).
Think pink – think Zoot
Although Zoot were a popular band during the late 1960s, critics labelled them as teenybopper or light bubblegum due primarily to the Think Pink – Think Zoot publicity campaign devised by their management. After relocating to Melbourne in mid-1968, Zoot signed with Columbia Records/EMI Australia and were managed by Wayne de Gruchy, they recorded their first single, "You'd Better Get Goin' Now", a Jackie Lomax cover with David Mackay producing. They invited the music media to Berties discothèque—co-owned by de Gruchy and Tony Knight—to promote its release in August. Think Pink – Think Zoot had band members dressed head to toe in pink satin, they arrived in Cotton's pink painted car, they were photographed with Cotton's pet dog Monty—fur dyed pink—and the venue was pink themed throughout. The publicity gimmick brought attention to the group and attracted significant numbers of teenage girl fans, however it caused problems in establishing their credibility as serious rock musicians. By December, management by de Gruchy was dropped in favour of Sambell and Jeff Joseph, who also managed Farnham and The Masters Apprentices.
Zoot's second single, "1 × 2 × 3 × 4" was released in December and charted on the Go-Set National Top 40 Singles Chart. By September 1968, Higgins and Stone had returned to Adelaide to be replaced by Rick Brewer (ex-The Mermen with Cotton, Third Party) on drums and Roger Hicks on guitar. Besides radio airplay, the band appeared regularly on local pop music TV show, Uptight!. Their third single, "Monty and Me" continued the Think Pink – Think Zoot theme and was produced by Go-Set writer, Ian Meldrum (later hosted Countdown), which also reached the Top 40 in June. Meldrum also produced "The Real Thing" by Russell Morris and used Hicks as a session musician—he wrote the song's opening guitar riff. Zoot was voted Top Australian Group in Go-Set's pop poll published in June, just ahead of The Masters Apprentices and Brisbane group, The Avengers. In July they undertook a tour through the eastern states with Ronnie Burns, The Sect and Jon Blanchfield on the bill.
Hicks left by September for The Avengers, and was replaced by Rick Springfield (ex-Icy Blues, Moppa Blues Band, Wickety Wak). Meldrum had produced Wickety Wak's single, "Billie's Bikie Boys" with Birtles as a backing vocalist. From September, Zoot joined other Australian bands on the national Operation Starlift tour, which was generally a publicity success but a financial disaster. For Zoot, it brought about increased media ridicule, peer envy and scorn from detractors, much of the criticism was homophobic such as "pretty pink pansies" taunts. October saw the release of "It's About Time" by EMI, Zoot read about it in Go-Set and had expected to re-record its demo quality. In December, in Brisbane, they made headlines when they were assaulted by street toughs, resulting in injury to Cotton.
By early 1970, band members had tired of the garish pink outfits and associated harassment and physical abuse, hence, to rid themselves of the bubblegum/teen idol image, they burnt their outfits on TV music show, Happening '70. Zoot then promoted their fifth single "Hey Pinky", released in April, with an advertisement in Go-Set which featured a nude picture of their bums. "Hey Pinky" was a hard charging guitar oriented song but it failed to chart. The song, written by Springfield, was rebellious in nature and openly mocked the pink outfits as well as their previous management and their detractors. Their debut album, Just Zoot followed in July and reached No. 8 on Go-Set Top 20 National Albums Chart. Go-Set also released their 1970 pop poll results in July with Zoot in fifth place behind The Masters Apprentices for 'Best Group', Springfield was second to Doug Ford (The Masters Apprentices) as 'Best Guitarist' and fifth as 'Best Composer', while Brewer was third as 'Best Drummer' to Colin Burgess (The Masters Apprentices).
They finished second in the Victorian heats of Hoadley's Battle of the Sounds to little known band, Nova Express (with vocalist Linda George). In August, both bands went to the national finals, where Zoot finished second to The Flying Circus.
In December they released a hard rock cover of The Beatles' song, "Eleanor Rigby" which became their most popular single when it peaked at No. 4 in March 1971. It remained in the Top 40 for twenty weeks and reached No. 12 on the Top Records for the Year of 1971. Their next single, "The Freak" / "Evil Child", another hard rock song, was released in April and peaked into the top 30.
With the chart success of "Eleanor Rigby", RCA expressed interest in bringing them to the United States to record, but they encountered problems with visa work permits, and Springfield was being scouted for a solo career. Along with other disappointments and frustrations, this led to the band breaking up in May 1971. Go-Set published its 1971 pop poll results in July, with Zoot in third place behind Daddy Cool for 'Best Group'. Springfield was 'Best Guitarist' and fourth as 'Best Composer', Brewer was second as 'Best Drummer' to Burgess, Birtles was second as 'Best Bass Guitarist' to Glenn Wheatley (The Masters Apprentices) and "Eleanor Rigby" was 'Best Single' ahead of Daddy Cool's "Eagle Rock". EMI/Columbia released a compilation, Zoot Out in 1971 and another, Best of the Zoot Locker 1969–1971 in 1980.
Despite Zoot adopting a new visual image in 1970 and their use of more daring, harder-edged lyrics and heavier, louder music, including the hard rock rendition of The Beatles' ballad "Eleanor Rigby", the Think Pink – Think Zoot image persisted.
After Zoot, Birtles and Cotton almost immediately formed a duo called Darryl and Beeb, which became Frieze when they were sponsored by Frieze Brothers (a clothing company). The band released a single, "Feelings" in September 1971 on Sparmac Records and an album, BC 1972, on Warner Brothers in June 1972, using session musicians. Frieze disbanded in May and Cotton travelled to America while Birtles joined Mississippi (previously known as Allison Gros and then as Drummond). Mississippi evolved into Little River Band in 1975.
Springfield also signed with Sparmac and released "Speak to the Sky" in October 1971, which peaked at No. 5 on Go-Set National Top 40. Sparmac label owner, Robie Porter, was also producer and manager for Springfield. After recording his debut album, Beginnings in London, Springfield moved to the United States in mid-1972, where he achieved international fame as a solo artist, songwriter and actor.
Brewer drummed for a succession of bands including, Cashbox, Bootleg, Whole Man and I'Tambu before joining The Ferrets in 1976, which had a No. 2 hit with "Don't Fall in Love" on the Australian Kent Music Report Singles Chart. He has also drummed for Jim Keays (ex-The Masters Apprentices) in his band Southern Cross and subsequently for The Motivators and Greg Baker's Blues Party.
Zoot reformed for the Rick Springfield and Friends cruise in November 2011. The cruise took place on 5–10 November 2011 on the Carnival Destiny out of Miami. The band consisted of Springfield, Birtles, Cotton and Brewer.
Darryl Cotton died on 27 July 2012 from liver cancer.
|Year||Album||Peak chart position|
|1969||4 Shades of Pink (EP)||—|
|1980||Best of the Zoot Locker 1969–1971||—|
|2013||Live – The Reunion (CD / DVD)||—|
|Year||Title||Peak chart positions||Album|
|1968||"You'd Better Get Goin' Now"||—||87||4 Shades of Pink EP|
|"1 × 2 × 3 × 4"||32||25||Just Zoot|
|1969||"Monty and Me"||33||36|
|"It's About Time"||—||73|
|1970||"Hey Pinky" / "Strange Things"||—||61||Zoot Out|
|1971||"The Freak" / "Evil Child"||27||27|
|"—" denotes releases that did not chart or were not released in that country.|
- Beeb Birtles – bass guitar, guitar, backing vocals (1965–1971, 2011)
- Darryl Cotton – lead vocals, guitar (1965–1971, 2011; died 2012)
- Teddy Higgins – drums (1965–1968)
- John D'Arcy – lead guitar, backing vocals (1965–1968)
- Steve Stone – lead guitar (1968)
- Rick Brewer – drums (1968–1971, 2011)
- Roger Hicks – lead guitar (1968–1969)
- Rick Springfield – lead guitar, backing vocals (1969–1971, 2011)
- McFarlane, Ian (1999). "Whammo Homepage". Encyclopedia of Australian Rock and Pop. St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 1-86508-072-1. Archived from the original on 5 April 2004. Retrieved 21 January 2010. Note: Archived [on-line] copy has limited functionality.
- Spencer, Chris; Zbig Nowara, Paul McHenry with notes by Ed Nimmervoll (2002) . The Who's Who of Australian Rock. Noble Park, Vic.: Five Mile Press. ISBN 1-86503-891-1.
- Swift, Brendan. "Zoot > Biography". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 24 January 2010.
- McFarlane (1999). Encyclopedia entry for 'Zoot'. Retrieved 21 January 2010.
- Spencer et al, (2007) ZOOT entry. Retrieved 21 January 2010.
- Duncan Kimball, ed. (2002). "ZOOT". MILESAGO: Australasian Music and Popular Culture 1964–1975. ICE Productions. Retrieved 21 January 2010.
- Spencer et al, (2007) TIMES UNLIMITED entry. Retrieved 21 January 2010.
- Spencer et al, (2007) MERMEN, THE entry. Retrieved 21 January 2010.
- Spencer et al, (2007) DOWN THE LINE entry. Retrieved 21 January 2010.
- ""In My Room" at APRA search engine". Australasian Performing Right Association (APRA). Archived from the original on 3 April 2012. Retrieved 6 September 2009.
- Stacey, Terence J. (2002). Duncan Kimball, ed. "Hoadley's National Battle of the Sounds". MILESAGO: Australasian Music and Popular Culture 1964–1975. ICE Productions. Retrieved 23 January 2010.
- "Go-Set search engine results for "One Times Two Times Three Times Four"". Go-Set. Waverley Press. Retrieved 21 January 2010.
- "Go-Set search engine results for "Monty and Me"". Go-Set. Waverley Press. Retrieved 21 January 2010.
- Kent, David Martin (September 2002). "The place of Go-Set in rock and pop music culture in Australia, 1966 to 1974" (PDF). Canberra, ACT: University of Canberra: 255–264. Retrieved 22 January 2010. NOTE: This PDF is 282 pages.
- Spencer et al, (2007) Springfield, Rick entry. Retrieved 22 January 2010.
- ""Hey Pinky" at APRA search engine". Australasian Performing Right Association (APRA). Retrieved 23 January 2010. Note: registered under Springfield's birth name, Richard Lewis Springthorpe.
- "Go-Set search engine results for Just Zoot". Go-Set. Waverley Press. 5 September 1970. Retrieved 23 January 2010.
- "Zoot at the Hoadley's 'Battle of the Sounds', August 1970". Rock Snaps. Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC). 1999. Retrieved 24 January 2010. Note: Includes a photo from Laurie Richards Photographic Collection, Performing Arts Museum.
- "Go-Set search engine results for "Eleanor Rigby"". Go-Set. Waverley Press. Retrieved 21 January 2010.
- "Top Records for the Year of 1971". Go-Set. Waverley Press. Retrieved 23 January 2010.
- "Go-Set search engine results for "The Freak"". Go-Set. Waverley Press. Retrieved 21 January 2010.
- Spencer et al, (2007) Frieze entry. Retrieved 24 January 2010.
- "Go-Set search engine results for "Speak to the Sky"". Go-Set. Waverley Press. Retrieved 24 January 2010.
- Spencer et al, (2007) Brewer, Rick entry. Retrieved 24 January 2010.
- Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. St Ives, NSW: Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-11917-6. Note: Used for Australian Singles and Albums charting from 1974 until ARIA created their own charts in mid-1988. In 1992, Kent back calculated chart positions for 1970–1974.
- Cashmere, Paul (14 May 2011). "Zoot Testing The Waters With Reunion". undercover.fm. Retrieved 25 May 2011.
- "Special Guests: Zoot". rickspringfieldcruise.com. 2011. Retrieved 25 May 2011.
- "Singer, actor Darryl Cotton dies". ninemsn.com.au. Retrieved 26 July 2012.
- "Go-Set search engine results for "Zoot"". Go-Set. Waverley Press. Retrieved 21 January 2010. NOTE: Go-Set published its national charts from October 1966 until August 1974.
- Kent, David (2005). Australian Chart Book 1940–1969. Turramurra, NSW: Australian Chart Book Pty Ltd. ISBN 0-646-44439-5. NOTE: Chart positions back calculated by Kent in 2005.
- "Who's who of Australian rock / compiled by Chris Spencer, Zbig Nowara & Paul McHenry". catalogue. National Library of Australia. Retrieved 21 January 2010.