Zophobas atratus is also used as pet food, sold in pet stores under the name "giant mealworms", but should not be confused with darkling beetle mealworms sprayed with juvenile hormone. Studies have found that in the wild the larvae sometimes live in bat guano, and they tend to cannibalize the pupae of their own species.
- Garrido, O. H. and E. Gutierrez. (1994). Variability of Zophobas rugipes Kirsch (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae: Tenebrioninii) in Cuba. Insecta Mundi. 8(3-4). Paper 284.
- Darkling Beetle and Larva, Zophobas morio. Cambridge Butterfly Conservatory.
- Miller, J. S., et al. (1996). Eicosanoids modulate nodulation responses to bacterial infections in larvae of the tenebrionid beetle Zophobus atratus. J Insect Physiol 42(1) 3-12.
- Ichikawa, T. and H. Sakamoto. (2013). A third type of defensive behavior in the tenebrionid beetle Zophobas atratus pupae.[permanent dead link] Journal of Insect Science 13 33.
- Tschinkel, W. (1981). Larval dispersal and cannibalism in a natural population of Zophobas atratus (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Anim Behav 29 990-96.