Zor Sanjak

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Zor Sanjak
Deyr-i-Zor sancağı
Sanjak of the Ottoman Empire

1857–1917
Location of Zor Sanjak
Zor Sanjak in 1900
Capital Deir Ez-Zor
History
 •  Established 1857
 •  Disestablished 1917
Area
 •  1900s[1] 100,000 km2 (38,610 sq mi)
Population
 •  1900s[1] 100,000 
Density 1 /km2  (2.6 /sq mi)
Today part of  Syria,  Turkey

The Sanjak of Zor[2] (Turkish: Zor Sancak) was a sanjak of the Ottoman Empire. Some of its area was separated from the Baghdad Vilayet, when it was created in 1857.[2] Zor was sometimes mentioned as being part of the Aleppo Vilayet,[3][4] or of the Syria Vilayet.[5]

The capital was Deir Ez-Zor, a town on the right bank of the Euphrates, which was also the only considerable town of the sanjak.[1] At the beginning of the 20th century, the sanjak had an area of 38,600 square miles (100,000 km2),[6] and an estimated population of 100,000, mostly Arab nomads.[1] The capital itself was just a village before becoming the centre of the sanjak.[1]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Kazas of the Sanjak:[7]

  1. Kaza of Deyr
  2. Kaza of Resü'l Ayn
  3. Kaza of Asare
  4. Kaza of Ebukemal

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d PD-icon.svg Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Deir". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  2. ^ a b PD-icon.svg Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bagdad, Turkey (Vilayet)". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  3. ^ Pavet de Courteille, Abel (1876). État présent de l'empire ottoman (in French). J. Dumaine. pp. 91–96. 
  4. ^ Studies on Ottoman Social and Political History: Selected Articles and Essays, p. 647. Kemal H. Karpat, BRILL, 2002
    ″The Vilayet of Halap (Aleppo) comprised Maraş, Urfa and Zor. In 1899, a fourth sanjak, that of Antioch was formed ...″
  5. ^ Geographical Dictionary of the World in the early 20th Century. Logos Press, New Delhi, 1906. ISBN 8172680120
  6. ^ Asia by A. H. Keane, page 460
  7. ^ Zor Mutasarrıflığı | Tarih ve Medeniyet