The word occurs in Homer, where it appears to refer to a warrior's belt of leather, possibly covered in bronze plates. Later references in the late Archaic and early Classical periods show it used as a belt or cloth girdle with men's clothes, especially the shorter chiton.
The zoster was also worn and is still worn by Greeks when wearing traditional costumes (regional clothing).
- Homer. Odyssey. p. 14.7.2.
- Herodotus. Histories. p. 9.74.
- Sophocles. Ajax. p. 1030.
- Pausanias. Description of Greece. p. 1.31.1.