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Cultivated Zoysia
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Chloridoideae
Tribe: Zoysieae
Subtribe: Zoysiinae
Genus: Zoysia
  • Brousemichea Balansa
  • Matrella Pers.
  • Osterdamia Neck. ex Kuntze
  • Zoydia Pers., alternate spelling

Zoysia (UK: /ˈzɔɪziə/;[3][4] US: /ˈzɔɪsiə/, -/ziə/, -/ʃə/, -/ʒə/[3]) is a genus of creeping grasses widespread across much of Asia and Australia, as well as various islands in the Pacific. These species, commonly called zoysia or zoysiagrass, are found in coastal areas or grasslands.[5] It is a popular choice for fairways and teeing areas at golf courses. The genus is named after the Slovenian botanist Karl von Zois (1756–1799).[6][7]



Cultivation and uses[edit]

Because they can tolerate wide variations in temperature, sunlight, and water, zoysia are widely used for lawns in temperate climates. They are used on golf courses to create fairways and teeing grounds. Zoysia grasses stop erosion on slopes, and are excellent at repelling weeds throughout the year.[11] They resist disease and hold up well under traffic.[12]

The cultivar Zoysia 'Emerald' (Emerald Zoysia), a hybrid between Z. japonica and Z. tenuifolia,[13] is particularly popular.

Some types of zoysia are available commercially as sod in some areas. In typical savanna climates with warm wet and dry seasons, such as southern Florida, zoysia grasses grow during the warm-wet summer and are dormant in the drier, cooler winter months. They are popular because of their fine texture, soft feel, and low growth habit. They can form dense mats and even mounds that grow over low features. In contrast to St. Augustine grass, they generally require less fertilization and are less vulnerable to insect and fungus damage, depending on environmental conditions. Zoysia is a native of Japan and Korea, which makes a cushion-like surface or turf. Its water requirement is high. It grows slowly and frequent mowing is not required. For best appearance, turf experts recommend reel blade mowers for zoysia.[12]


  1. ^ "Genus: Zoysia Willd". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2011-02-27. Retrieved 2011-03-03.
  2. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ a b "Zoysia." entry at CollinsDictionary.com. Retrieved 5 September 2021.
  4. ^ "Zoysia". Oxford English Dictionary (Online ed.). Oxford University Press. (Subscription or participating institution membership required.)
  5. ^ Flora of China Vol. 22 Page 496 结缕草属 jie lü cao shu Zoysia Willdenow, Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin Neue Schriften. 3: 440. 1801
  6. ^ Willdenow, Carl Ludwig von. 1801. Der Gesellsschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin, neue Schriften 3: 440–441
  7. ^ Tropicos, Zoysia Willd.
  8. ^ "GRIN Species Records of Zoysia". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2011-03-03.
  9. ^ English Names for Korean Native Plants (PDF). Pocheon: Korea National Arboretum. 2015. p. 685. ISBN 978-89-97450-98-5. Retrieved 8 December 2016 – via Korea Forest Service.
  10. ^ "Korean velvet grass". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 15 April 2017.
  11. ^ Richardson, K. Zoysia Grass Types Earn Mixed Reviews. Archived 2013-03-06 at the Wayback Machine All About Lawns. December 2, 2008.
  12. ^ a b "Lawn Lovers Profile: Zoysia Grass". Green Solutions. 15 November 2013. Retrieved 30 August 2014.
  13. ^ Duble, R. L. "Zoysiagrass". Texas Cooperative Extension.

External links[edit]