Zrmanja

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Zrmanja
ZrmanjaSpring.jpg
Misije, a source of Zrmanja River
Location
CountryCroatia
Physical characteristics
Mouth 
 • location
Adriatic Sea
 • coordinates
44°12′06″N 15°35′18″E / 44.2017°N 15.5883°E / 44.2017; 15.5883Coordinates: 44°12′06″N 15°35′18″E / 44.2017°N 15.5883°E / 44.2017; 15.5883
Length69 km (43 mi)[1]
Basin size907 km2 (350 sq mi)[1]
Zrmanja upstream from Obrovac

Zrmanja (pronounced [zř̩maɲa], Italian: Zermagna) is a river in southern Lika and northern Dalmatia, Croatia. It is 69 km (43 mi) long and its basin covers an area of 907 km2 (350 sq mi).[1]

It was known to the ancient Romans as Tedanius. The spring of Zrmanja is located in southern part of Lika under Postak - the southern peak of Pljesevica mountain, and close to south end of Velebit mountain. It is characteristic for its spring located on the bottom of very steep, almost 200 m high funnel shape rock called Misije. It flows southward through the narrow and long arable valley which encircles the southern end of Velebit through a 200-metre-deep canyon, and then turns westwards, reaches Obrovac, and after a few kilometers flows into the Adriatic Sea in the bay named Novigradsko more.

In the 1990s the Velebit area was declared a nature park. Rafting trips on Zrmanja take place in spring and autumn, while kayaks and canoes are used during low water level period of July and August.[citation needed]

The river was hit by an ecological disaster in December 2019 [2] when waste from a former alumina plant was washed into the karst underground. Alkaline mud[3] has been kept in open pools since the closure of the plant.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia 2017 (PDF) (in Croatian and English). Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2017. p. 47. ISSN 1333-3305. Retrieved 23 May 2018.
  2. ^ "Ekološka katastrofa na Zrmanji gora je od svega što se mislilo: u kanjonu završila ogromna količina opasnog lužnatog materijala, tisuće litara kancerogenog ulja i radioaktivne 'konzerve'!". Slobodna Dalmacija (in Croatian). Retrieved 2020-01-02.
  3. ^ Dragičević, J.S. (October 2004). "Demolition of the former Jadral alumina plant in Obrovac". Researchgate.