|Country of origin||Poland|
|Alcohol by volume||40% (original and biała)
Żubrówka Palona (discontinued)
|Related products||List of vodkas|
Żubrówka [ʐuˈbrufka] ( listen), also known in English as Bison Grass Vodka, is a dry, herb-flavoured vodka that is distilled from rye and bottled at 40% alcohol by volume (80 US proof). Its flavour is unique and is described as having woodruff, vanilla, coconut, and almond notes.
The rye distillate is flavoured with a tincture of bison grass (Hierochloe odorata), which also gives the spirit its yellowish color. This grass grows in the Białowieża Forest and elsewhere. A blade of bison grass is traditionally placed in each bottle of Żubrówka, though this is largely decorative.
The name Żubrówka comes from żubr (pronounced zhubr), the Polish word for the European bison, which is particularly fond of eating bison grass. The word żubr also appears in similar forms with an identical meaning in numerous other Slavic languages: Belarusian, Russian and Ukrainian зубр (zubr), Bulgarian зубър (zubŭr), Czech zubr, Slovak zubor and Slovenian zober. Although in Poland the word Żubrówka is now commonly associated with this type of vodka, in Polish the same word is used to describe bison grass—which is primarily what the vodka is named after.
According to the label on the bottle, Polish nobility "seasoned" vodka with bison grass as early as the 14th century; this was likely a precursor to Żubrówka. Żubrówka has been manufactured in the region of the contemporary Polish-Belarusian (Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth) border since the 16th century, and by 18th century was one of the favorite raw drinks of nobility (szlachta) and peasantry alike.
In 1926 the Polmos company in Brześć nad Bugiem (now Belalco company, Brest, Belarus) invented a method to mass-produce Żubrówka, which was then copied by numerous companies worldwide, under a variety of brand names. The original distillery company in Brest (Belaco) still produces Brestskaya Zubrowka (Зуброўка, Zubroŭka), as do Lithuania (Stumbrinė), United States (Bison Vodka), Ukraine (Зубрiвка, Zubrivka), Germany (Grasovka and Blauer Bison), Russia (Зубровка, Zubrovka), the Czech Republic (Zubrovka), and many other countries. However, versions of the beverage produced outside of the Polmos Białystok distillery in Poland are often considered "low-quality knockoffs" in comparison to the original brand.
Currently the brands "Zubrovka" and "Żubrówka" are registered by Sojuzplodoimport/Russia and the Polmos Białystok company in Białystok, Poland. However, Żubrówka is considered a generic name for a type of liquor by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, so anyone may use the name for products in the United States, and the name has been used by various companies there.
- Żubrówka, bison-grass flavoured.
- Żubrówka Biała ("white").
- Żubrówka Palona (discontinued)
- Żubrówka Złota ("golden"). Flavoured with oak acorns.
- Żubrówka is mentioned in Moscow-Petushki, a pseudo-autobiographical postmodernist prose poem by Russian writer and satirist Venedikt Yerofeyev.
- The bison emblem (Mylvivä härkä, "roaring bull") of Lapland Air Command, Finnish Air Force, originated from the label of Polmos Żubrówka. It was introduced in 1941 as the emblem of PLeLv 46, on its Dornier 17 bombers.
- Żubrówka figures prominently in the movie Suzhou River, and is featured in W. Somerset Maugham's novel and filmThe Razor's Edge.
- The name of the country Żubrówka in the movie The Grand Budapest Hotel is named after this style of vodka.
- Navy SEAL Chris Kyle mentions it in his book American Sniper while working with the Polish GROM.
Żubrówka in the United States
The tincture of bison grass found in Żubrówka is prohibited as a food additive by the Food and Drug Administration because it contains coumarin, which showed hepatotoxic effects in rats and has a blood thinning effect. Importation of Żubrówka was banned in 1978 by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms. Canada has no similar regulations on coumarin, so the alcoholic drink is legal there.
When produced according to traditional methods (between one and two kilograms of grass per thousand litres of alcohol), Żubrówka contains approximately 12 milligrams of coumarin per litre. In 1999, distilleries that were not connected with the Polish brand introduced lower quality reformulated versions of the product, sometimes using artificial flavours and colors, with the emblematic blade of grass in every bottle but "neutralised" so as to be coumarin-free. In 2011 the American licensee of the Polish company worked with Rémy Cointreau to introduce a new American formulation, which they called "Żu".
Like most vodkas, Żubrówka is usually served chilled on its own. A very popular alternative is mixing it with apple juice (a drink known in Polish as tatanka (Lakota for "American bison") or szarlotka (Polish for "apple cake"); known in the UK as a Frisky Bison; and in the US as a Polish Kiss). It is sometimes served over vanilla ice cream. Another common mixer is ginger ale.
- Michaels, Daniel (2011-01-18). "Name Your Poison: How a Banned Polish Vodka Buffaloed Its Way Into the U.S.". Wall Street Journal.
- Fabricant, Florence (2010-11-30). "Polish Vodka Arrives with a Wisp of Grass". New York Times. Retrieved 2013-06-11.
- Gim, Sarah (2006-07-18). "Zubrowka is bison grass vodka". Retrieved 2007-09-29.
- Cocktail:UK - Frisky Bison Cocktail
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Żubrówka.|
- Polmos Białystok official site
- Zubrowka.com—The official site for the Authentic Bison Grass Vodka
- Belalco—The official site of the Brest Distillery Company
- Zubrowka: Polish Vodka and Cultural Geographic Indicators