Zlaté Hory

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Zlaté Hory
Zlate hory.jpg
View of the town from Biskupská Kupa mountain
Coat of arms
Name origin: Gold(en) mountain
Country  Czech Republic
Region Olomouc
District Jeseník
Commune Jeseník
Municipality Zlaté Hory
Elevation 390 m (1,280 ft)
Coordinates 50°15′17″N 17°23′38″E / 50.25472°N 17.39389°E / 50.25472; 17.39389Coordinates: 50°15′17″N 17°23′38″E / 50.25472°N 17.39389°E / 50.25472; 17.39389
Area 85.94 km2 (33.18 sq mi)
Population 4,028 (1.1.2012)
Density 47/km2 (122/sq mi)
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Location in the Czech Republic
Location in the Czech Republic

Zlaté Hory (Czech pronunciation: [ˈzlatɛː ˈɦorɪ]; until 1948 Cukmantl, German: Zuckmantel) is a town in the Jeseník District, Olomouc Region, Czech Republic, on the border with Poland. It has a population of 4,447 (2006). The town was founded in 1224.

Administrative parts: Rejvíz, Horní a Dolní Údolí and Ondřejovice

According to the Austrian census of 1910 the town had 4,520 inhabitants, 4,341 of whom had permanent residence there. Census asked people for their native language, 4,341 (100%) were German-speaking. Most populous religious group were Roman Catholics with 4,441 (98.3%).[1]

On 29 January 1945, German SS soldiers were conducting a death march in the area and murdered 138 prisoners on a road from Konradów.[2]

The town has a long history of gold mining. First written accounts are from the 13th century but scientists estimate that gold mining there began already at the end of the 10th century. In 1990', mining operations were stopped as they were no longer profitable. However, as of 2015, there is a possibility that the mines will be opened again because the price of gold (in USD) has risen five times since then. The estimated amount of gold in the mines is from 3 to 9 tons.[3] The Czech name Zlaté hory can be translated as Golden Mountains.

Places of interest[edit]

Famous personalities[edit]

The German World War II panzer ace Kurt Knispel was born in nearby Salisfeld (Salisov). Knispel was the highest scoring tank ace of World War II with a total of 168 confirmed tank kills.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Zlaté Hory is twinned with:


  1. ^ Ludwig Patryn (ed): Die Ergebnisse der Volkszählung vom 31. Dezember 1910 in Schlesien, Troppau 1912.
  2. ^ Procházka, Petr (2007), Příběhy z pohraničí (1st ed.), Jeseník: Hnutí Brontosaurus Jeseníky, p. 74 
  3. ^ http://www.novinky.cz/ekonomika/366872-cesko-zvazuje-ze-obnovi-tezbu-zlata.html

External links[edit]