|Stadtbezirk of Stuttgart|
Church of Saint Paul
|• District Director||Gerhard Hanus|
|• Total||11.96 km2 (4.62 sq mi)|
|• Density||3,000/km2 (7,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Postal codes||70435, 70437, 70439|
Zuffenhausen is an urban district (Stadtbezirk) in the northern suburbs of Stuttgart, the capital of the German state of Baden-Württemberg. It consists mainly of the formerly independent city of Zuffenhausen. The Zuffenhausen district has an area of 1,200 hectares (making it the third largest district in Stuttgart) and 35,568 inhabitants (2009). Zuffenhausen has been continuously inhabited in places for nearly 7500 years (likely because of its fertile soil and proximity to the River Necker). The name likely originated from the Alemanni words "Uffo" or "Offo" in the 7th Century. The oldest surviving mention of Zuffenhausen is by Pope Innocent III on 18 May 1204 when the town belonged to Bebenhausen Abbey. Zuffenhausen was proclaimed a city in 1907, but its income was badly affected by the Great Depression and so Zuffenhausen (and later Zazenhausen) agreed to being incorporated into Stuttgart on 1 April 1931. Notable subdistricts are the villages of Zazenhausen and Neuwirtshaus and the subdistrict of Rot (German: red), which was first built as a camp for German refugees in 1945.
Stuttgart-Zuffenhausen station is on the Franconia Railway and is served by lines S4, S5, S6 and S60 of the Stuttgart S-Bahn. The headquarters of Porsche and the Porsche Museum are located in Zuffenhausen. Stuttgart Neuwirtshaus (Porscheplatz) station is nearby and is served by lines S6 and S60.
Geography, Topography and Geology
Geography and topography
Zuffenhausen's terrain, a river valley carved into existence by the Feuerbach river, has two distinct elevations: most of Zuffenhausen with an average of 255 metres (837 ft) and Zazenhausen at 252 metres (827 ft). To the north and northwest, the vast stretches of the Gäuplatte and its the "Long field" with their flat waves at a height of about 300 metres (980 ft) (327 metres (1,073 ft) at Neuwirtshaus) that makes up the eastern part of the Strohgäu, a rich farmland largely free of trees. To the south lies the Swabian Alps and the Schurwald behind them, and to the east is the Neckar and its fertile valley. In the area of Zuffenhausen itself there are irregular increases in elevation, of which Burgholzhof is the highest with 359 metres (1,178 ft) above sea level.
The topographical situation has also meant that Zuffenhausen has been a high-traffic area for most of its history. In the northern part of Stuttgart Bay, trade has run since time immemorial through an important north-south traffic artery through the 305 metres (1,001 ft) high Pragsattel, one of the most important transport hubs of Stuttgart today. The road ran as far west as Stammheim, which would bring Zuffenhausen into trouble repeatedly over its history. On August 29, 1797 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe drove on this road while on his third trip to Switzerland from Ludwigsburg.
The system of settlements in the municipal area was determined both by the quality of the soil and proximity to the river as well as the ability to create settlements on the river and its tributaries that were relatively safe from flooding without being too far from the water while also being close to the trade routes.
The geology of Zuffenhausen is, by the nature of a Cuesta landscape, determined in a topographically varied picture of the different layers of rock as they were deposited respectively in the 240-145 million years when the area was the bottom of a shallow tropical sea. This is particularly evident (thanks to quarries and fossil digs) at the bottom layer, which is made out of shells. Above that is Lettenkeuper Formation and the Gipskeuper_Formation, which show that the area at that time was at sea level.
- La Ferté-sous-Jouarre, France
- Zuffenhausen is also a kennel name used by UK Dobermann enthusiasts.
- Gühring, Albrecht (2004). Zuffenhausen. Village - Town - City District. Stuttgart-Zuffenhausen: Association For the Promotion of Home and Care Partnership and of Young and Old People. ISBN 3-00-013395-X.
- Official site
- City site
- Porsche in Zuffenhausen
- "Zuffenhausen" (PDF) (in German). Statistisches Amt Stuttgart. 2009. Retrieved 2011-10-08.
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