Lake Zug

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Lake Zug
Zugersee
Aussicht Winter Rigi Zugersee.jpg
Karte Zugersee.png
Map
LocationCentral Switzerland
Coordinates47°7′N 8°29′E / 47.117°N 8.483°E / 47.117; 8.483Coordinates: 47°7′N 8°29′E / 47.117°N 8.483°E / 47.117; 8.483
Primary inflowsLorze
Primary outflowsLorze
Catchment area204 km2 (79 sq mi)
Basin countriesSwitzerland
Max. length13.8 km (8.6 mi)
Max. width4.7 km (2.9 mi)
Surface area38.3 km2 (14.8 sq mi)
Average depth83.2 m (273 ft)
Max. depth197 m (646 ft)
Water volume3.2 km3 (0.77 cu mi)
Residence time14.7 years
Surface elevation417 m (1,368 ft)
Sections/sub-basinsObersee, Untersee
SettlementsZug, Arth, Buonas, Cham, Immensee, Oberwil, Risch, Walchwil, Meierskappel

Lake Zug (German: Zugersee) is a lake in Central Switzerland, situated between Lake Lucerne and Lake Zurich. It stretches for 14 km between Arth and the Cham-Zug bay. The Lorze as the main feeder river empties its waters into the lake at its northern extremity, but 1 km (0.6 mi) further west issues from the lake to pursue its course towards the Reuss. Due to this poor feeding, Environmental protection is very important as the lake would suffer long term damage if polluted as the second of the rivers, Rigiaa, feeds only a marginal amount into the lake at its southern end. Already a great part of the fauna in the deep parts of the lake has been lost.[1]

Background[edit]

Lake Zug with view on Rigi

The lake is mostly within the borders of the Canton of Zug, with about 10 square kilometres (3.9 sq mi) at its southern end in the canton Schwyz, while the Canton of Lucerne claims about 2 km2 (0.77 sq mi) to the north of Immensee. Toward the south-west extremity of the lake the Rigi descends rather steeply to the water's edge, while part of its east shore forms a narrow level band at the foot of the 1,583 m (5,194 ft) Rossberg, and the Zugerberg. The culminating point of the lake's drainage basin is the summit of the Rigi at 1,798 m.[2]

At its northern end, the shores are nearly level, while on the west shore the wooded promontory of Buonas (with its castles, old and new) projects picturesquely into the waters. The principal place on the lake is the town of Zug. Three railways follow the shore of the lake, one from Zurich via Zug and Arth-Goldau to the St Gotthard, one from Lucerne via Arth-Goldau to the St Gotthard, and the third from Zurich via Zug to Lucerne.

Many fish (including pike and carp of considerable weights) are taken in the lake, which is especially famous for an endemic kind of trout (Salmo salvelinus, locally called Rolheli).[3]

History[edit]

The first steamer was placed on the lake in 1852.[3]

In the early 20th century, a railway (formerly part of the St. Gotthard main route) ran along its eastern shore past Walchwil to Arth at its south end, which was connected initially by a steam tramway with the Arth-Goldau station of the St Gotthard line. This line runs from Arth along the western shore to Immensee, where it bears south-west to Lucerne, while from Immensee another railway leads (at first some way from the shore) to Cham, 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) west of Zug.[3]

Settlements[edit]

Public Transportation[edit]

Public transportation on Lake Zug is done by the Zugersee Schifffahrt / Schifffahrtsgesellschaft für den Zugersee AG (SGZ) .[4]

Präfix Name Year / Origin / Warft Length / wide / deep / max. Pax. Note: Picture
MS Zug 2003 / Linz / Österreichische Schiffswerften AG[5] 45,60 m / 9,20 m / 1,20 m / 450 in use MS Zug Schiffsstation Bahnhof Einsteigen.jpg
MS Schwyz 1997 / Kressbronn / Bodan-Werft 31,20 m / 7,00 m / 1,00 m / 150 in use Picswiss ZG-04-44.jpg
MS Rigi 1992 / Kressbronn / Bodan Werft 46,50 m / 9,50 m / 1,60 m / 450 in use Picswiss ZG-04-38.jpg
MS Schwan 1923 / Lauenburg an der Elbe / Hitzler Werft 17,23 m / 3,67 m / 0,40 m ex. Morgarten (1923-1949); ex. Harder (1949-2001); in use MS Schwan.jpg

References[edit]

  • "Products for Zugersee - Zug (EDV: 2017):". Federal Office for the Environment (FOEN). 23 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-23.
  1. ^ ‘Extinct’ fish found in Lake Constance
  2. ^ 1:25,000 topographic map (Map). Swisstopo. Retrieved 2014-07-30.
  3. ^ a b c  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainCoolidge, William Augustus Beevoort (1911). "Zug, Lake of". In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. 28 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 1048.
  4. ^ Die Flotte
  5. ^ Geschichte

External links[edit]