Zuhr prayer

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The Zuhr prayer (Arabic: صلاة الظهر‎, ṣalāt aḏ̣-ḏ̣uhr  IPA: [sˤalaːt aðˤðˤuhr], "noon prayer"; also transliterated Duhr, Dhuhr or Duhur) is the fourth[1] of the five daily prayers (salah) performed daily by practicing Muslims.

On Friday the Dhuhr prayer is replaced by Jumu'ah, which is obligatory for Muslim men who are above the age of puberty and meet certain requirements to pray in congregation either in the mosque of the city they live in or with a group of Muslims. Women are recommended to also do so at home, but not obligated. The Friday prayer is led by a sermon given by the leader of the mosque to educate, guide, and improve the quality of the community as well as propagate Islam.

Name variations[edit]

Region/country Language Main
Arab World Arabic صلاة الظهر
(Ṣalāh aẓ-dhuhur)
Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan Persian نماز پشین ،نماز ظهر
(namâz-e zohr/namâz-e peshīn)
Afghanistan, Pakistan Pashto ماسپښین

(māspaҳēn)

Pakistan, India (Urdu) Urdu نماز ظہر
(namaaz e zuhr)
Turkey Turkish Öğle namazı
Kazakhstan Kazakh Бесін намазы
(Besin namazy)
Azerbaijan Azeri Zöhr namazı
Albania, Kosovo Albanian Namaz i mesditës
Balkans Serbo-Croatian, Bosnian Podne-namaz
Bengal Bengali যোহর/যুহর (Zuhor)
Greater Somalia (Somalia, Djibouti, Somali Region) Somali Salaada Duhur
Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, Indonesia (nationwide) Bahasa Indonesia, Bahasa Melayu Salat zuhur, Solat zuhur
Indonesia (West Java, Banten) Basa Sunda Lohor
Uzbekistan Uzbek Peshin namozi
Iraqi Kurdistan Sorani نوێژی نیوەڕۆ
Kashmir Kashmiri Peshin Nimaz پئشِن نماز

Time of Zuhr prayer[edit]

The waqt (prescribed time) of the dhuhr salat is determined differently by the different branches of Islam. In each case, however, it is best to perform the prayer as soon as the waqt is "in", and it is inadvisable to unnecessarily delay it.[2]

The time frame of the dhuhr daily prayer is as follows:

  • Time begins: once the sun has crossed the celestial meridian (true noon), exactly halfway between sunrise and sunset. This is when the sun is at the highest point in the sky.[3]
  • Time ends: before the time of the daily Asr prayer (afternoon prayer) (there is scholarly disagreement as to exactly when that occurs). Also, according to the Maliki school, the dharoori time (Time of Necessity for those who had a legitimate excuse to miss the prayer during the Prescribed Time) for dhuhr lasts all the way until a little before sunset, the beginning of Maghrib prayer. Thus, according to the Maliki school, if someone prays dhuhr 30 minutes before sunset, he is considered to have prayed the prayer "on time", though he would be sinful if he had delayed that long without a legitimate excuse.

Format[edit]

For both Sunni and Shia, four rakaʿāt are mandatory (Fard) and are prayed silently.[4] However, in Sunni Islam, four rakaʿāt prior to the Fard raka'ah and two rakaʿāt following the Fard raka'ah are recommended; these are nawafil which are nonobligatory.[5]

It is reduced to two rakaʿāt when traveling.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Counted from sunset, the traditional begin of the Islamic day, it is the fourth prayer. Counted from midnight it is the second prayer.
  2. ^ (Noon) Prayer [Four rak^ahs (cycles): The Basics of the Muslims Prayer on sunna.info website, Retrieved 14 May 2017
  3. ^ A detailed guide on how to perform Zuhr prayer, qul.org website, Retrieved 14 May 2017
  4. ^ This is for the individual prayer. In the congregation, the recitation will also be unnoticeable except for the expressions which indicate each of the stages of the prayer.
  5. ^ The Best Guide of Zuhr Prayer Benefits, Prayer Time NYC website, Retrieved 14 May 2017