Zuid-Kennemerland National Park

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National Park Zuid-Kennemerland
Nationaal Park Zuid-Kennemerland
IUCN category II (national park)
Duinen in Nationaal Park Zuid-Kennemerland.jpg
Dunes in Zuid-Kennemerland National Park
Map
Map of the national park
LocationNorth Holland, Netherlands
Nearest cityHaarlem
Coordinates52°25′N 4°35′E / 52.417°N 4.583°E / 52.417; 4.583Coordinates: 52°25′N 4°35′E / 52.417°N 4.583°E / 52.417; 4.583
Area3,800 ha (9,400 acres)[1]
Established1995[1]
Visitors1.8 million[2] (in 2008)
www.np-zuidkennemerland.nl

National Park Zuid-Kennemerland (Dutch: Nationaal Park Zuid-Kennemerland) is a Dutch national park located in the province of North Holland and established in 1995.

History[edit]

Dutch conservationist Jac. P. Thijsse first wrote about a possible national park between Bloemendaal and the North Sea Canal in 1944. As a result, the national park De Kennemerduinen was established in 1950.[3]

The Zuid-Kennemerland National Park was established in 1995. It comprised De Kennemerduinen, several nature reserves managed by Vereniging Natuurmonumenten and some other areas.[3]

Geography[edit]

The park is situated west of Haarlem in the province of North Holland in the west of the Netherlands. It is located within the municipalities of Bloemendaal, Velsen, and Zandvoort. It includes the southern portion of the region known as Kennemerland.

South Kennemerland is characterized by sand dunes. The park, about 38 square kilometres (15 sq mi) in size, also includes some estates, forests on the dune fringes, and coastal beaches. The dunes used to be a watershed for the city of Haarlem. Large amounts have been won for consumption. In 2003 these activities were ceased allowing the groundwater-bubble to grow again. There is a small public swimming area open in the summer at a location called the Wed on the road between Bloemendaal and Zandvoort. The train from Zandvoort to Amsterdam travels through the park.

Management[edit]

The park is owned and managed collectively by Vereniging Natuurmonumenten (Natural Monuments Association), Staatsbosbeheer (State Forestry), PWN (Water Supply Company North Holland), Province of Noord-Holland , IVN, and the surrounding municipalities and private owners.

Visitors[edit]

In 2008, the park had 1.8 million visitors.[2]

The visitors centre is located in at Zeeweg 12 in Overveen, called De Kennemerduinen, next to parking Koevlak.

Biology[edit]

Flora[edit]

Sea buckthorn in the park
Highland cattle in the park

The dunes are rich in lime, allowing the growth of several plant species which are rare in the Netherlands. The inland dunes are covered with bacciferous shrubs attracting a variety of songbirds.

About 800 different plant species that grow in the dune area of South Kennemerland are displayed in Thijsse's Hof (Garden of Thijsse), in Bloemendaal. This wildlife garden was founded in 1925 and is the oldest in the Netherlands.

Fauna[edit]

Over 100 bird species have been observed.

The mammals fallow deer, roe deer, squirrel, West European hedgehog, European rabbit, red fox live in the park.

Besides Highland cattle, Shetland pony, and Koniks, an experiment was started in spring 2007 by releasing a small number of wisents. These European bison could be dangerous to people and therefore were released in an area not publicly accessible. The wisents may be observed from a purpose-built viewing platform, a walking path (closed between 1 March and 1 September and during excursions)

Nearly 20 butterfly species have been observed.

View of Vogelmeer (Bird Lake) and surroundings

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b National Park Zuid-Kennemerland[permanent dead link], National Park Zuid-Kennemerland. Retrieved 26 May 2013.
  2. ^ a b Recreatieonderzoek Nationaal Park Zuid-Kennemerland[permanent dead link] (in Dutch), National Park Zuid-Kennemerland. Retrieved 26 May 2013.
  3. ^ a b Hans Schmit, "Duingebied bij IJmuiden nu zevende nationale park" (in Dutch), Trouw, 1995. Retrieved 29 November 2016.

External links[edit]