Bozhou District

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Bozhou
播州区
District
Chinese transcription(s)
Country China
Province Guizhou
Prefecture Zunyi
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)

Bozhou District (Chinese: 播州区) is a county of Guizhou, China. It is under the administration of Zunyi city.

Bozhou Yang Clan Tusi[edit]

Bozhou Yang Clan Tusi kingdom was a local Tusi government started by Yang Duan (杨端) whose given land of conquered Bozhou (modern-day Zunyi County) by Tang Dynasty at year of 876. The land was gotten from Nanzhao by force of Yang Duan since then Yang Clan become Tusi leader of Bozhou Yang Clan Tusi. This Tusi ruled Bozhou untill Yang Yinlong defeated by Ming Dynasty army at year of 1600. The supreme leader of Bozhou Yang Clan Tusi was called Tusi or the Chieftain.[1][2][3][4]

History[edit]

The Bozhou Yang Clan Tusi (播州杨氏土司) was established in 876 when the first chieftain Yang Duan occupied Bozhou (modern-day Zunyi) in the history of southwest China. It lasted for about 725 years over 29 generations crossing Tang Dynasty, Song Dynasty, Yuan Dynasty, and Ming Dynasty. The main fortress of Bozhou Yang Clan Tusi was first constructed by the local chieftain and the imperial government in 1257 called Hailongtun. Ironically the final Tusi must fought againts Ming Dynasty after called a rebel and the imperial government launched the Bozhou Campaign against the Tusi in 1600. About 17,000 Tusi soldiers who were led by the 29th Chieftain Yang Yinglong (杨应龙) fought against the 240,000 Ming Dynasty for 114 days. In the end Tusi force defeated and Yang Yinglong was killed. The Ming Dynasty burned the area in the Hailongtun down, and put an end to the 725 years rule of the Yang Family there.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.finanznachrichten.de/nachrichten-2015-07/34236380-chinese-tsui-culture-added-to-the-world-heritage-list-008.htm, retrieved 11 Feb 2017
  2. ^ http://www.hailongtun.com/en/history/history-2/celebrated-yang-clan/, retrieved at 19 Oct 2016
  3. ^ http://www.hailongtun.com/en/history/folklore/last-battle/, retrieved at 19 Oct 2016
  4. ^ http://www.chinascenic.com/magazine/hailongtun--the-demise-of-a-tusi-lord-333.html, retrieved 11 Feb 2017
  5. ^ 宋濂所著《杨氏家传》杨贵迁为杨业曾孙杨延朗之孙,杨充广之子,杨充广持节广西,与杨昭通谱,以其子杨贵迁过继于杨昭。而《续遵义府志·杂记》引《杨氏族谱》记载,杨昭以杨延朗为嗣子,杨延朗时同治罗氏收养了杨端嫡系后裔杨贵迁,在杨延朗之子杨克广继位五年后袭位。谭其骧以杨贵迁一生在杨文广南行之前认定《杨氏家传》和《续遵义府志·杂记》不足信,1974年出土的《杨文神道碑》自称先世出自会稽,学界一致认定《杨氏家传》其先太原人以及杨贵迁为杨家将之后都是明朝初年编造的。

Coordinates: 27°41′N 106°54′E / 27.683°N 106.900°E / 27.683; 106.900