Zurarah ibn A'yan
Zurarah ibn A'yan (about 690-768 AD) (Arabic: زُرارة بن أعیُن) was a famous companion of Imam Baqir, Imam Sadiq, and Imam Kazim. He was a Muhaddith and Islamic scholar with great knowledge in religion,and was also one of the companions known as the "companions of consensus" whose hadith are given extra credence by Shia scholars. Muhaddith Qummi in his book Tuhfah al-Ahbab said that "his excellence and status are too great to mention here".
The origin of his family
Some say that his real name was 'Abd Rabbah (Arabic: عبدربه), and Zurarah was a nickname. He was also known as Abu al-Hasan (lit. "the father of Hasan"). Some reports say that his father was a Byzantine monk who was captured and sold into slavery in a Muslim territory to someone from the Shaybani clan, which Zurarah remained affixed to.
Authencity of Zurarah
More than 2,000 hadith are attributed him. He is described in biographical literature as "respected" and trustworthy". It was narrated that: "Were it not for Zurarah, the sayings of my father would vanish soon".
He died between 766-777 AD/149-150 AH in Kufa, Iraq.
- Sabzvārī, Muḥammad ʻAlī. Tuḥfah Yi-ʻAbbāsī: The Golden Chain of Sufism in Shīʻite (2008 ed.). University Press of America. p. 68.
- Sachedina (1998), p.157
- Walbridge (2001), p.190
- muhadith qumi. "tuhfat al ahbab". lib.ahlolbait.com. موسسه اهل بیت علیهم السلام.
- al- Nadim, muhammad ibn ishagh (1346). translation of The Fihrist of al- Nadim. tehran: چاپخانه بانک بازرگاني ايران. pp. 403–404.
- اختيار معرفة الرجال، ج1، ص345.، تاریخ بازیابی: 2 دی ماه 1391.