Zurarah ibn A'yan

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Zurarah ibn A'yan (about 690-768 AD) (Arabic: زُرارة بن أعیُن‎) was a famous companion of Imam Baqir, Imam Sadiq, and Imam Kazim.[1] He was a Muhaddith and Islamic scholar with great knowledge in religion,[2]and was also one of the companions known as the "companions of consensus" whose hadith are given extra credence by Shia scholars.[3] Muhaddith Qummi in his book Tuhfah al-Ahbab said that "his excellence and status are too great to mention here".[4]

The origin of his family[edit]

Some say that his real name was 'Abd Rabbah (Arabic: عبدربه‎), and Zurarah was a nickname. He was also known as Abu al-Hasan (lit. "the father of Hasan"). Some reports say that his father was a Byzantine monk who was captured and sold into slavery in a Muslim territory to someone from the Shaybani clan, which Zurarah remained affixed to.[5]

Authencity of Zurarah[edit]

More than 2,000 hadith are attributed him. He is described in biographical literature as "respected" and trustworthy". It was narrated that: "Were it not for Zurarah, the sayings of my father would vanish soon".[6]

Death[edit]

He died between 766-777 AD/149-150 AH in Kufa, Iraq.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Sabzvārī, Muḥammad ʻAlī. Tuḥfah Yi-ʻAbbāsī: The Golden Chain of Sufism in Shīʻite (2008 ed.). University Press of America. p. 68.
  2. ^ Sachedina (1998), p.157
  3. ^ Walbridge (2001), p.190
  4. ^ muhadith qumi. "tuhfat al ahbab". lib.ahlolbait.com. موسسه اهل بیت علیهم السلام.
  5. ^ al- Nadim, muhammad ibn ishagh (1346). translation of The Fihrist of al- Nadim. tehran: چاپخانه بانک بازرگاني ايران. pp. 403–404.
  6. ^ اختيار معرفة الرجال، ج1، ص345.، تاریخ بازیابی: 2 دی ماه 1391.