Zürich Socialist and Labour Congress, 1893

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The Zurich Socialist and Labour Congress that met from August 6–13, 1893 was the third congress of the Second International. Among other things it is remember for the "Zurich resolution" which expelled anarchists from the Congress, and for Friedrich Engels' closing address, the only time that Engels addressed a Second International period Congress.


Country # of delegates Notes
Australia 1
Austria 27
Bohemia 7
Belgium 17
Brazil 2 The Brazilian mandates were held by W. Liebknecht (Ger.) and R. Siedel (Swiss)
Bulgaria 2
Denmark 2
France 41
Germany 92 Representing the Social Democratic Party of Germany
Great Britain 65
Hungary 9
Italy 21
Poland 11
Romania 5
Russia 1
Serbia 1
Spain 2
Switzerland 101
United States 3


The congress passed resolutions on who would be eligible to attend (the above-mentioned Zurich resolution), the eight-hour work day, the attitude of socialist in case of war, international manifestations on the first of may, the political tactics of social democrats, the protection of labour, the agrarian question, and the formation of national and international syndicates of professionals. Commissions also worked on resolutions on the international organization of socialists and the general strike, but the congress ran out of time and could not examine them. Motions were made on the question of Siam, universal suffrage, and in support of striking English miners.


  • Braunthal, Julius History of the International 1864-1914
  • Haupt, Georges La Deuxième Internationale, 1889-1914: étude critique des sources, essai bibliographique

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