Zuwara Berber

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Native to Libya, Tunisia
Region Zuwara
Native speakers
unknown; 50,000 all Berber in Tunisia (2006)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 None (mis)
Glottolog tuni1262[2]
Berber-speaking areas belonging to Kossmann's "Tunisian-Zuwara" dialectal group

Zuwara Berber (Zuara, Zwara) is the Zenati Berber dialect of Zuwara on the coast of western Tripolitania - in the district of northwestern Libya.

Several works of Terence Mitchell, notably Zuaran Berber (Libya): Grammar and texts,[3] provide an overview of its grammar along with a set of texts, based mainly on the speech of his consultant Ramadan Azzabi. Some articles on it were also published by Luigi Serra.[4]

Zuwarans call their language Mázigh;[5] the term is used of Nafusis as well.[6] Unusually for Berber, the masculine form is used to refer to the language.

Ethnologue treats it as a dialect of Nafusi, though the two belong to different branches of Berber according to Kossmann (1999).[7]


  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Tunisian-Zuwara Berber". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Terence Frederick Mitchell, Zuaran Berber (Libya): Grammar and Texts, Rüdiger Köppe: Köln 2009
  4. ^ Serra, L., 'Testi berberi in dialetto di Zuara', Annali dell'Istituto Orientale di Napoli, NS, 14, 1964 : 715-726.
  5. ^ Mitchell 2009:181
  6. ^ Mitchell 2009:186
  7. ^ Maarten Kossmann, Essai sur la phonologie du proto-berbère, Rüdiger Köppe:Köln, pp. 28, 32