Chalupová in 2001
|Native name||Zuzana Halupova|
February 5, 1925|
Kovačica, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
August 1, 2001 (aged 76)|
Belgrade, Serbia, FR Yugoslavia
|Nationality||Serbian / Yugoslavian|
|Known for||naive painting|
Zuzana Chalupová (Serbian: Зузана Халупова / Zuzana Halupova; 1925–2001) was a Serbian naïve painter of Slovak origin, who was born and lived her whole life in the town of Kovačica, Serbia. Her colourful naive-style paintings recall children's works and fairy-tale illustrations. She typically painted children, so she was called "Mama Zuzana with a thousand children". Her creative legacy consists of more than 1,000 paintings.
Chalupová finished only five grades of elementary school. In the 1950s she began making scarves, shirts, and tapestries with traditional motifs. After earning some money from selling tapestries, she bought oil paint and started painting on canvas. She painted her first oil on canvas painting named Mlaćenje konoplja (Hemp Beating) in 1964. She enjoyed imminent success. She exhibited her paintings in the Museum of Naive Arts in Svetozarevo and in Kovačica during the "Kovačički oktobar" festival. Her first solo exhibition was in 1968 in Dubrovnik where all of the paintings were bought by foreign collectors.
Though she never had children of her own, the most frequent motif in Chalupová's paintings were children. Even adults (some with moustaches) look like children in her paintings. Her other frequent motifs are winter, Kovačica church, and biblical themes.
Chalupová made many paintings for charity purposes. She painted a monumental painting for the International Committee of the Red Cross depicting children with the members of the Red Cross. In 1978, she made a painting named Zaštitimo spomenike kulture (Let's Protect the Cultural Heritage!) for the Institute for the Protection of Cultural Monuments of Serbia. The painting depicts Gračanica monastery, statue of Pobednik, Serbian Orthodox priests with children in Slovak traditional costumes and God watching all this from the skies. In 1974, Chalupová made a painting for the UNICEF headquarters named Children of the UN, full of symbols: It depicts the Earth, UNICEF headquarters, and the Statue of Liberty surrounded by children and angels with olive branches. The same year, her painting Zima (Winter) was printed by UNICEF Christmas card program in two million copies.
- Koliko se poznajemo: iz istorije nacionalnih zajednica u Vojovdini [How Good Do We Know Each Other: On the History of Ethnic Minorities in Vojvodina] (PDF) (in Serbian). Novi Sad: Vlada Vojvodine, Pokrajinski sekretarijat za propise, upravu i nacionalne manjine (Government of Vojvodina, Provincial Secretariat of Regulations, Administration and Ethnic Minorities). 2010. p. 148. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
- Gallery of Naive Art, Kovačica: Zuzana Halupova (1925 – 2001) (in Serbian)
- Subotica.com: „Naivna umetnost - Kovačica“ ili „Kako život ’udešava’ svoje priče“ Archived July 16, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. (in Serbo-Croatian)
- "Naivci iz Kovačice" [Naive Artists form Kovačica]. www.b92.net (in Serbian). B92. February 10, 2012. Retrieved January 25, 2014.