Zvečan

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Zvečan
Municipality and city
Звечан / Zvečan
Zveçan / Zveçani
The town of Zvečan with  Zvečan Fortress
The town of Zvečan with Zvečan Fortress
Official seal of Zvečan
Seal
Zvečan is located in Kosovo
Zvečan
Zvečan
Location in Republic of Kosovo
Coordinates: 42°54′N 20°50′E / 42.900°N 20.833°E / 42.900; 20.833Coordinates: 42°54′N 20°50′E / 42.900°N 20.833°E / 42.900; 20.833
Country Kosovo[a]
Government
 • Mayor Dragiša Milović
Area
 • Total 104 km2 (40 sq mi)
Population (2008)[1]
 • Total 17,000 (municipality)
 • Density 204/km2 (530/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 38227
Area code(s) +381 28
Car plates 02
Website Municipality of Zvečan

Zvečan or Zveçan (Serbian: Звечан, Zvečan; Albanian: Zveçan or Zveçani) is a town and municipality in the Kosovska Mitrovica district of Kosovo.[a] It is a part of North Kosovo, a region with an ethnic Serb majority that functions largely autonomously from the remainder of the ethnic-Albanian-majority Kosovo. The municipality covers an area of 104 km2 (40 sq mi), and consists of 35 villages.[1] As of 2008, the municipality has a population of approximately 17,000.[1]

Demographics[edit]

In November 2005, it was estimated that the municipality was 95% Serb, with only 4 Albanian families in the area.[citation needed]

According to 2006 estimates, the municipality of Zvečan had a population of 16,600 people.[citation needed] As of 2008, the municipality has a population of approximately 17,000 inhabitants, of which ca. 16,050 (ca. 94%) are Serbs. Some 350 Albanians are concentrated in the villages of Boljetin, Lipa and Žaža, with 80 Kosovo Albanian families having returned to the municipality since 2000. A small number of other minorities also reside in the municipality. About 4,000 Kosovo Serbs are located in the municipality as Internally displaced persons (IDPs) as well as 250 refugees from Croatia.[1]

Ethnic Composition, Including IDPs
Year/Population Albanians  % Serbs  % Others  % IDP  % Total
1991 1,934 19.3 7,591 75.7 554 5 0 0 10,030
January 1999 2,261 24.5 6,825 73.9 146 1.6 0 0 9,229
Current figure 350 2.1 12,050 72.6 250 1.5 4,200 25.3 16,600
Ref: Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe[2]

History[edit]

The town of Zvečan is located near Kosovska Mitrovica. It was mentioned for the first time in connection with the border clashes between the Serbs and Byzantines between 1091 and 1094. There is also an inscription that Stephen Nemanja, after the victory over the Byzantines in 1170, ordered that a prayer for the successful outcome of the battle be held in the church of St. George at Zvečan.

In the 13th and 14th centuries Zvečan was one of the royal residences of the Serbian court. Queen Theodora died there in December 1322, and nine years later her husband, Stefan Uroš III was imprisoned and strangled there.[3] First the Musić, then the Vojinović noble family, held the fortified city and region during the Serbian Empire of Uroš V (r. 1355–1371).

In 1389, after the Battle of Kosovo, it was integrated into the Ottoman Empire and later became part of the Sanjak of Novi Pazar.[4] From 1878 to 1908 it, along with the rest of the Sanjak, was administered by the Austro-Hungarian Empire as a result of the Congress of Berlin. But in 1908 it was returned to Turkey.

On the highest spot, i.e., the Upper Town, there are remains of the church of St. George, cistern and the main octagonal tower. The ramparts of this part of the fort are reinforced by massive towers. The main entrance to the town was on the western side.

Economy[edit]

The largest employer in Zvečan is the lead and zinc smelting factory “Trepča”. Its large smokestack is with 306 metres the tallest structure in Kosovo. Due to the serious environmental pollution from the factory, however, UN and KFOR shut it down and the only ongoing operation is alloy production for batteries and battery recycling. Once employing up to 4,000, the very low operations of “Trepča” has had a devastating effect on the local economy. Today, in the municipality only about 500 people are working at 60 small private companies and 150 shops.[1]

Culture and education[edit]

The Faculty of Arts of Pristina, part of the University of Pristina at Kosovska Mitrovica, is situated at Zvečan.

Zvečan has hosted annually two international music festivals: The North City Jazz & Blues Festival,[1][5][6][7][8][9][10][11] and international rock festival Overdrive,[12] as well as international art colony Sokolica[13] and children song festival Cvrkuti sa Ibra (Chirrups from the Ibar River).

The Zvečan Fortress and Sokolica Мonastery, both from the Middle Ages, have been located in the Zvečan area.[1]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes:

  1. ^ a b Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Kosovo. The latter declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Kosovo's independence has been recognised by 107 out of 193 United Nations member states.

References:

  1. ^ a b c d e f g OSCE Mission in Kosovo: Municipal profile of Zvečan, April 2008. – Retrieved on 15 May 2009.
  2. ^ Documents Library. OSCE. Retrieved on 29 November 2011.
  3. ^ Bury, John Bagnell et al. (eds.) (1923) The Cambridge Medieval History Macmillan, New York, p. 539, OCLC 271025434
  4. ^ Map of Turkey and Greece 1847, from Sharpe's Corresponding Maps Chapman and Hall, London
  5. ^ ''Vreme'' No. 853. Vreme.com. Retrieved on 29 November 2011.
  6. ^ ''Kosovska Mitrovica Live''. Kosmitrovica.blog.rs. Retrieved on 29 November 2011.
  7. ^ ''Glas javnosti'', June13, 2005. Arhiva.glas-javnosti.rs. Retrieved on 29 November 2011.
  8. ^ Asocijacija medija , May 2007[dead link]
  9. ^ Telekom, 16 May 2007[dead link]
  10. ^ Trident
  11. ^ ''Glas javnosti'', 5 June 2003. Arhiva.glas-javnosti.rs. Retrieved on 29 November 2011.
  12. ^ Blic, 9 October 2006[dead link]
  13. ^ Krstarica, 22 August 2007[dead link]

External links[edit]