|Saint Petersburg Metro station|
|Owned by||Saint Petersburg Metro|
|Depth||≈57 m (187 ft)|
|Opened||December 20, 2008|
It was opened on December 20, 2008 as one of the first stations on the new Frunzensko-Primorskaya Line. It is connected with foot passages to the Pushkinskaya station, serving the Kirovsko-Vyborgskaya Line. Upon the opening it was without an independent surface exit; all traffic had to go through Pushkinskaya. Escalators and a surface lobby were added later.
|Bus commercial routes||K-15, K-25, K-90, K-139, K-177, K-258, K-338.|
|Trolleybus route||3, 8, 15, 17|
Under the initial data from press-service of Saint Petersburg Metro, a concourse building should construct under the project of the architect Alexander Konstantinov. This project was described as a two-storeyed building with a portico harmoniously entered in an architectural ensemble of the former barracks of Semyonovsky regiment.
Concourse will be land, it will be located on the ground floor of specially constructed building, it will take places between houses № 1 and № 3 on Zvenigorodskaya street. It was originally planned to build a two-storeyed building which should remind appearance a building of barracks of Semyonovsky regiment. On the ground floor it was planned to place a concourse, and on the second - services of Saint Petersburg Metro. Now is under construction five-floor shopping mall under the project of "Adamant" company.
The place of the future pass to down escalator hall is now draped by photowall-paper with a townscape.
Zvenigorodskaya was designed as a deep column station, but due to a long construction break it was decided to replace a part of a complex of columns with a wall. This decision has allowed to prevent displacement of already established columns. Lateral tunnels of station have increased, in comparison with typical columned station in Russia, diameter: 9.8 metres (32 ft); an average hall - typical with distance between axes of columns of 3.8 metres (12 ft) in a longitudinal direction and 8 metres (26 ft) in cross-section.
The station original project was executed by Russian architect Alexander Konstantinov, but after opening it has been declared that authors of the project is the group of architects of Open Society "Lenmetrogiprotrans" led by N. V. Romashkin-Timanov: Н. V. Romashkin-Timanov, Ю. V. Eechko, D. A. Bojtsov, N. A. Vinogradova.
The subjects of decorating of underground part of station also are devoted the Semyonovsky regiment (which its barracks settled down around a station exit on a surface). The floor is built from green granite Rakhi Green (India) with colour inserts and a fringing from red granite Imperial Red (India). Walls are revetted by marble of Koelga, Kashin's granite mountain and dark green marble Indiana Green (India). The choice of the supplier and stone from India was made by the best expert in a natural stone Vladimir Shestakov.
At station mosaic panels from smalt with the image of the very first soldiers of Semyonovsky regiment serving at the time of reign of Peter the Great are established. They are executed in masterful Russian Academy of Arts, the author is artist Alexander Bystrov.
Station illumination is realised by fixtures at top of columns.
Stations Zvenigorodskaya of Frunzensko-Primorskaya Line and Pushkinskaya of Kirovsko-Vyborgskaya Line are connected by a foot tunnel. It is the first switch foot tunnel in Saint Petersburg Metro, constructed after a long break. Previous switch was constructed 18 years before at metro station Sadovaya and opened in December 1991. At transition designing workings out new to this underground railway system have been used.
At station Zvenigorodskaya the central part of an average hall is separated from platforms by walls. Such design has allowed to raise it over level of a floor of station - on it two longitudinal ladders conduct. Upward, in transition conduct ladders which pass in three corridors, leaders in a small hall.
Tunneling it was spent simultaneously from this hall to both stations. From a hall in I will shift Pushkinskaya there are two corridors which come to an end with ladders, its have replaced pylon and two passes near to it.
At building of transition two chandeliers shining from platform station Pushkinskaya ceiling has been removed. They are established in that hall in which conduct corridors of transitions.
At station Zvenigorodskaya worked some the building organisations:
- Tunnel group number 3. The chief engineer is Victor Tishkin (general construction);
- Construction management-19 (finishing work);
- "Adamant" company (concourse building).
Station building passed in three stages:
In 1990 projects of stations (including Zvenigorodskaya) have been developed. There have been in rough passed tunnels for movement of trains. After that works have been curtailed, building has been preserved.
Station and switch
Station and underground switch was built in 2007–08. In July 2007 at station the arches and walls separating the central hall from platforms were built.
- In January 2008 the considerable quantity of problems has been solved:
- The continuous-columned complex is completely built.
- Dismantle time wagonhead vaults is almost finished.
- There is passed tunnel to station Pushkinkaya.
- At station Pushkinskaya the territory under ladder building is fenced off. Dismantle of umbrellas over the left station tunnel has been made.
- On November 27, 2008, the mosaic panel was completely ready.
- Dates of opening of station underground hall
- Originally planned in June 2007 date of opening of station is December, 1st 2008. In July opening date has been appointed to December 18. In November 2008 management of Saint Petersburg Metro had been named new date of opening is on December, 24th 2008. As a result, on December 20, 2008 the station has been solemnly opened and its operation has begun.
Direct exit on a surface
Direct exit on a surface was built from 2007. In July 2007 works on a construction of a lobby and an inclined course were begun:
We prepare a ground for passage, it is always heavy to pass the first 50 metres in Saint Petersburg, because continuous watery strata. On Zvenigorodskaya a situation one of the most difficult, therefore it is necessary to freeze not simply a ground as did builders of underground railways half a century ago, but also to strengthen its cement. Such system is more reliable.
- In January 2008 there have been begun works in several directions:
- On a place of a land lobby of station it was spent a frozen chemical soil consolidation and a foundation ditch construction under the base of 3-4-floor buildings of a lobby.
- The building project Is confirmed.
In August 2009 work was finished on installation of all four escalators. After that installation of ferro-concrete designs of walls of the ground floor was begun. Over station 4 floors of shopping centre were to be constructed.
- Dates of opening of a direct exit on a surface
- As the first term in January 2008 has been named 2009. As of November it is planned to make it in July 2009.
- Nikiforova, Julia (July 9, 2009). Радиус станет линией [The radius becomes a line] (PDF) (in Russian). Metro newspaper (St. Petersburg). Retrieved August 14, 2007.[dead link]
- Nikiforova, Julia (August 5, 2007). От "Звенигородской" до "Пушкинской" — 60 шагов [From "Zvenigorodskaya" to "Pushkinskaya" — 60 steps] (in Russian). Metro newspaper (St. Petersburg). Retrieved August 14, 2009.
- Kozlova, Lidia (July 3, 2007). На новых станциях Фрунзенского радиуса пока готовы только тоннели [At new stations of the Frunze radius while tunnels are ready only]. picture shot (in Russian). Vesti Saint Petersburg. Retrieved August 15, 2009.
- Звенигородский [Zvenigorodsky]. Objects of "Adamant" company (in Russian). "Adamant" company. pp. with pictures of building. Retrieved August 15, 2009.
- Zhavoronkova, Julia (July 18, 2007). Старое метро закроют, чтобы открыть новое [The old underground will close to open new]. Izvestia-Saint Petersburg (in Russian). Izvestia newspaper. Retrieved August 15, 2009.
- "Zvenigorodskaya". Projects under construction (in Russian). Saint Petersburg Metro, official Web-site. Retrieved August 15, 2009.
- Trefilov, Juriy (April 18, 2009). Метро привезет в Семеновский полк [The subway system will bring in the Semenovsky regiment]. City news (in Russian). Sankt-Peterburgskie Vedomosti. Retrieved August 16, 2009.
- Tishchenko, Irina; Ilja Snopchenko (November 20, 2007). Под ёлку положат подземку [Under a fur-tree will put an underground] (in Russian). Nevskoye vremya newspaper. Retrieved August 16, 2009.
- Ivanov, Jury (January 17, 2007). Властелины колец [The lords of rings] (in Russian). Sankt-Peterburgskie Vedomosti. Retrieved August 16, 2009.
- Ivanov, Jury (January 15, 2008). К Пушкину пешочком [To Pushkin's monument on foot]. City news (in Russian). Sankt-Peterburgskie Vedomosti. pp. with photos. Retrieved August 16, 2009.
- "Звенигородской" смонтировали панно [The mosaic panel in Zvenigorodskaya is completely ready] (in Russian). NTV. November 27, 2008. Retrieved November 28, 2008.
- Arcady Fursa's interview (the deputy the chief of State Unitary Enterprise «Saint Petersburg Metro»), =Sankt-Peterburgskie Vedomosti, release № 110 from June 20, 2007
- Ratnikov, Dmitriy (June 20, 2007). В Мариинку на метро? [In Mariinsky Theatre by the underground?] (in Russian). Sankt-Peterburgskie Vedomosti. Retrieved August 16, 2009.
- Открыто движение по Фрунзенскому радиусу метро [Movement on Frunzensko-Primorskaya Line of Saint Petersburg Metro is opened]. City Administration Official site (in Russian). Saint Petersburg City Administration. December 20, 2008. Retrieved August 16, 2009.
- Звенигородская [Zvenigorodskaya metrostation] (in Russian). metro.vpeterburge.ru. Retrieved August 16, 2009.
- Строители приступили к вестибюлю станции "Звенигородская" [Builders have started station Zvenigorodskaya lobby] (in Russian). kvadrat.ru. August 10, 2009. Retrieved August 16, 2009.
- Frolov, Alexander; Maria Mogilevskaya (January 23, 2008). МЕТРОвое кольцо сомкнётся в 2020 году [The SUBWAY ring will be closed in 2020] (in Russian). fontanka.ru. Retrieved August 16, 2009.