Zvi Nishri

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Zvi Nishri (Orloff)
Personal information
Nationality Russian-born Palestinian/Israeli
Born (1878-01-04)January 4, 1878
Died July 22, 1973(1973-07-22) (aged 95)

Zvi Nishri (January 4, 1878 – July 22, 1973) was a pioneer in modern physical education in British Mandate for Palestine and later, Israel.[1][2][3][4][5]


Zvi Orloff (later Nishri) was born to a Jewish family in Russia, where he served as a soldier.[1][6] His sister was the sculptor, Chana Orloff. Raful Eitan was a nephew.[7]

He immigrated to Palestine in 1903.[1] He initially worked as a laborer, in Petah Tikva.[1]

Physical education career[edit]

In 1906 he became involved in physical education.[1][8] In 1908, he started to teach physical education, and by 1912, he was involved in training teachers on the subject.[1][9] In 1911, he introduced Scandinavian gymnastics to Palestine.[8] He taught at the Herzliya High School for 40 years.[8]

Nishri authored the first physical education publications in Hebrew, and established the first physical education and sports terminology in Hebrew.[1][8] In 1913, he began a prolific career as an author, writing publications on gymnastics, football, and other physical education topics.[1][5][8][10]

Nishri was a founder in Palestine of the Maccabi movement, which he coached in gymnastics, and of the Hebrew Scout Movement.[1][6][11][12]

Awards and recognition[edit]

Nishri was inducted as a member of the International Jewish Sports Hall of Fame in 1981.[1] The Wingate Institute established a prize in his honor.[2] In addition, the Wingate Institute's Terner Pedagogical Centre contains the Zvi Nishri Archives.[13]

Published works[edit]

  • Nishri Zvi, (Heb.) A Summary of the Physical Education History, Tel Aviv: The Ministry for Education and Culture, The Department for Physical Training, 1953

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Joseph M. Siegman (1992). The International Jewish Sports Hall of Fame. p. 145. Retrieved November 3, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b Mekhon Ṿingaiṭ le-ḥinukh gufani (1977). Physical education and sport in the Jewish history and culture: proceedings of the second international seminar, July 1977. Retrieved November 3, 2011. 
  3. ^ Haim Kaufman (April 12, 2008). "Physical Education and Sport in Israel". Boeliem.com. Retrieved November 3, 2011. 
  4. ^ "חברה קדישא תל אביב יפו והמחוז". Kadisha.biz. Retrieved November 3, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b Etan Bloom (December 1, 2008). "Arthur Ruppin and the Production of the Modern Hebrew Culture" (PDF). Retrieved November 3, 2011. 
  6. ^ a b Bernard Postal; Jesse Silver; Roy Silver (1965). Encyclopedia of Jews in Sports. Bloch Pub. Co. Retrieved November 3, 2011. 
  7. ^ Raful Eitan (1992). A Soldier's Story: The Life and Times of an Israeli War Hero. SP Books. ISBN 1-56171-094-6. Retrieved November 3, 2011. 
  8. ^ a b c d e Raphael Patai (1971). Encyclopedia of Zionism and Israel. Herzl Press. Retrieved November 3, 2011. 
  9. ^ Raful Eitan. A Soldier's Story: The Life and ... Retrieved November 3, 2011. 
  10. ^ Uriel Simri; Mekhon Ṿingaiṭ le-ḥinukh gufani; Israel. Rashut ha-sporṭ ṿeha-ḥinukh-ha-gufani (1979). Comparative physical education and sport: proceedings of an international seminar. Wingate Institute for Physical Education and Sport. Retrieved November 3, 2011. 
  11. ^ ".". Israel magazine; Spotlight Publication Ltd. 1969. Retrieved November 3, 2011. 
  12. ^ "History: The 1900s". Maccabiusa.com. Retrieved November 3, 2011. 
  13. ^ "מכון וינגייט – חיים של איכות Wingate – Units at". Wingate. Retrieved November 3, 2011.