Zwettl

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Zwettl
Zwettl-rathaus-viennaphoto-at.jpg
Coat of arms of Zwettl
Coat of arms
Location of Zwettl
Zwettl is located in Austria
Zwettl
Zwettl
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 48°36′12″N 15°10′08″E / 48.60333°N 15.16889°E / 48.60333; 15.16889Coordinates: 48°36′12″N 15°10′08″E / 48.60333°N 15.16889°E / 48.60333; 15.16889
CountryAustria
StateLower Austria
DistrictZwettl
Government
 • MayorHerbert Prinz (ÖVP)
Area
 • Total256.07 km2 (98.87 sq mi)
Elevation
520 m (1,710 ft)
Population
(1 January 2016)[1]
 • Total11,005
 • Density43/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
3910
Area code02822
Vehicle registrationZT
Websitewww.zwettl.gv.at

Zwettl is a town and district capital of the Austrian state of Lower Austria. It is chiefly known as the location of Zwettl Abbey, first mentioned in October 1139.

Geography[edit]

Zwettl has a total area of 98.9 square miles (256.7 km²). The town is found in the middle of Waldviertel at the confluence of the Kamp and Zwettl rivers. After Vienna and Wolfsberg in Carinthia, it is the third largest municipality in Austria by area.

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
186912,643—    
188013,121+3.8%
189012,961−1.2%
190013,617+5.1%
191013,585−0.2%
192312,946−4.7%
193412,746−1.5%
193912,806+0.5%
195112,862+0.4%
196111,374−11.6%
197111,677+2.7%
198111,479−1.7%
199111,427−0.5%
200111,630+1.8%
201111,272−3.1%

History[edit]

Railway Viaduct over Zwettl and the Kamp river

The name originates from Slavic "svetla" meaning "glade". Although the etymology suggests an early population of Slavic people no archeological evidence has been found yet.[2] Zwettl was founded by the knights of Kuenring and was first mentioned in a monastery record in 1139. It was granted town privileges on December 28, 1200. Today, the Cistercian convent in Zwettl houses the only remaining manuscript of the life of the beguine mystic Agnes Blannbekin.

People[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statistik Austria - Bevölkerung zu Jahresbeginn 2002-2016 nach Gemeinden (Gebietsstand 1.1.2016) for Zwettl.
  2. ^ "Der Name Zwettl" (in German). Municipal council of Zwettl. Retrieved 2009-02-18.

External links[edit]

Media related to Zwettl at Wikimedia Commons