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Kellerbier is a type of German beer which is typically neither clarified nor pasteurised. Kellerbier can be either top- or bottom-fermented. The term Kellerbier literally translates as "cellar beer", referring to its cool lagering temperatures. Its recipe probably dates to the Middle Ages.
In comparison with most of today's filtered and pasteurised lagers, Kellerbier contains more of its original brewing yeast, as well as vitamins, held in suspension. As a result, it is distinctly cloudy, and is described by German producers as naturtrüb (naturally cloudy).
Kellerbier and its related form Zwickelbier are often served directly from the barrel (for example, in a beer garden) but may be bottled as well. Since these beers do not undergo pasteurization, they are rather perishable; thus it is best to drink them as fresh as possible.
The term Zwickelbier refers to a weaker and less full-flavored variant of Kellerbier. Originally, it was used to refer to the small amount of beer taken by a brewmaster from the barrel with the aid of a special siphon called the Zwickelhahn.
Nowadays in Germany, Zwickelbier is commercially available in large amounts, usually as a bottom-fermented, but often also as a top-fermented (Kellerweizen).
It is less hoppy, and typically not left to age as long as Kellerbier.
Brewers of Kellerbier
- Aktienbrauerei Kaufbeuren
- Flensburger Brauerei
- Jack's Abby
- Kaiser Brau
- St. Erhard
- Oettinger Beer
- Aktien Brauerei Bayreuth
- Distelhaeuser Brauerei
- Hausen Bier
- Switchback Brewing Co.
- Weltenburger Klosterbrauerei
- en:Brauerei Kaiserdom
- New Paltz Brewing Co. (Pfälzerbräu)