Zwicky (crater)

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Zwicky
Zwicky crater AS17-M-0837.jpg
Crater Zwicky as seen by a mapping camera attached to the Service Module of Apollo 17
Coordinates 15°24′S 168°06′E / 15.4°S 168.1°E / -15.4; 168.1Coordinates: 15°24′S 168°06′E / 15.4°S 168.1°E / -15.4; 168.1
Diameter 150 km
Depth unknown
Colongitude 192° at sunrise
Eponym Fritz Zwicky (astronomer)

Zwicky is a lunar impact crater that is located on the far side of the Moon. It lies to the west of the crater Aitken, and is attached to the western rim of Vertregt. Attached to the northern end of Zwicky is Heaviside. Zwicky is a considerably eroded formation with an irregular rim and interior. Portions of the southern rim still survive, but the remainder has been almost completely eradicated.

The satellite crater Zwicky N, located in the midst of the interior of Zwicky, has a relatively dark floor by comparison with the surrounding terrain. This smaller crater has a polygonal outline with relatively smooth inner walls. The interior floor is a lower albedo material that has a cracked surface. It is thought that this is caused by the cooling of molten material, or possibly tectonic movement. This is referred to informally as a "turtleback crater floor".

The crater is named after astronomer Fritz Zwicky (1898–1974), a professor at Caltech, Pasadena and pioneer in the study of supernovae and of galaxy clusters. The minor planet 1803 Zwicky is also named in his honour.[1]

Satellite craters[edit]

By convention these features are identified on lunar maps by placing the letter on the side of the crater midpoint that is closest to Zwicky.

Zwicky Latitude Longitude Diameter
N 16.1° S 167.4° E 30 km
R 18.3° S 163.4° E 28 km
S 16.3° S 162.6° E 44 km

References[edit]

  1. ^ Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (1803) Zwicky. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 144. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3. Retrieved 18 January 2017.