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Alternative names Melba toast
Type Bread
Place of origin Germany
Region or state East Prussia
Main ingredients Flour, eggs, sugar
Cookbook: Zwieback  Media: Zwieback

Zwieback is a form of rusk eaten in Scandinavia, Germany, Austria, France, Switzerland, Italy, Slovenia, and Greece. It is a type of crisp, sweetened bread, made with eggs and baked twice. It originated in East Prussia. The Mennonites brought Zwieback to the Russian Empire; during and after the Russian Revolution, when many fled, they brought Zwieback to Canada, the United States and other parts of the world.

It is sliced before it is baked a second time, which produces crisp, brittle slices that closely resemble melba toast.[1] Zwieback is commonly used to feed teething children[1] and as the first solid food for patients with an upset stomach.

The name comes from German zwei ("two") or zwie ("twi-"), and backen, meaning "to bake".[2] Zwieback hence literally translates to "twice-baked". The French and Italian names, respectively, biscotte and fette biscottate have the same origin, biscotto (biscuit), which also means twice ("bis-") baked (-"cotto").

See also[edit]