Zygaena transalpina

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Zygaena transalpina
Zygaenidae - Zygaena transalpina.JPG
Zygaena transalpina. Dorsal view
Zygaena transalpina (1).JPG
Side view
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Phylum:
Class:
Order:
Family:
Genus:
Species:
Z. transalpina
Binomial name
Zygaena transalpina
(Esper, 1780)
Synonyms
  • Sphinx hippocrepidis Hübner, 1799
  • Sphinx ratisbonica Scheven, 1782
  • Zygaena alpina Boisduval, 1834
  • Zygaena maritima Oberthür, 1898
  • Zygaena xanthographa Germar, 1835
  • Sphinx astragali Borkhausen, 1793
  • Sphinx transalpina Esper, 1780

Zygaena transalpina is a moth of the family Zygaenidae.

Subspecies[edit]

Subspecies include:[1]

  • Zygaena transalpina transalpina
  • Zygaena transalpina alpina Boisduval, 1834
  • Zygaena transalpina altitudinaria Turati, 1910
  • Zygaena transalpina annae Aistleitner, 1979
  • Zygaena transalpina astragali (Borkhausen, 1793)
  • Zygaena transalpina bavarica Burgeff, 1922
  • Zygaena transalpina centralis Oberthur, 1907
  • Zygaena transalpina centricataloniae Burgeff, 1926
  • Zygaena transalpina centripyrenaea Burgeff, 1926
  • Zygaena transalpina collina Burgeff, 1926
  • Zygaena transalpina curtisi Tremewan, 1961
  • Zygaena transalpina dufayi Dujardin, 1965
  • Zygaena transalpina emendata Verity, 1916
  • Zygaena transalpina gulsensis Daniel, 1954
  • Zygaena transalpina helvetica Bethune-Baker & Rothschild, 1921
  • Zygaena transalpina hilfi Reiss, 1922
  • Zygaena transalpina hippocrepidis Hübner, 1799
  • Zygaena transalpina intermedia Rocci, 1914
  • Zygaena transalpina jugi Burgeff, 1926
  • Zygaena transalpina latina Verity, 1920
  • Zygaena transalpina maritima Oberthur, 1898
  • Zygaena transalpina marujae Tremewan & Manley, 1965
  • Zygaena transalpina miltosa Candeze, 1883
  • Zygaena transalpina philippsi Romei, 1927
  • Zygaena transalpina provincialis Oberthur, 1907
  • Zygaena transalpina pseudoalpina Turati, 1910
  • Zygaena transalpina rupicola Rocci, 1936
  • Zygaena transalpina sorrentinaeformis Rocci, 1938
  • Zygaena transalpina splugena Burgeff, 1926
  • Zygaena transalpina subalticola Rocci, 1918
  • Zygaena transalpina tenuissima Burgeff, 1914
  • Zygaena transalpina tilaventa Holik, 1935
  • Zygaena transalpina xanthographa Germar, 1836

Distribution[edit]

This species can be found from Germany to Croatia and Italy and from Spain to Austria and Slovenia.[2][3] It is more frequent at more than 2000 meters of altitude in the Alps, especially in the Italian Alps and in Italy, with the exception of Sicily and the Adriatic coast.[4]

Habitat[edit]

This moth occurs in warm, dry climates, particularly on dry meadows, but also on flowering grasslands at higher elevations.

Description[edit]

The wingspan o Zygaena transalpina can reach about 29–35 millimetres (1.1–1.4 in).[5] The forewings are of a shining bluish green, or of a blue black, with three pairs of carmine-red spots for each wing (in some individuals of both sexes, the spots are only five ). The two spots on the base are oval. The hind wings are carmine red, with a black blue border and a slightly darker fringe. The underside of the forewings is light black blue, usually with the same spots as the top.

It is an aposematic species because its warning colors signal it as toxic to predators such as birds and lizards. In case of attack it emits a liquid containing cyanide.

This species is very similar to Zygaena filipendulae. They can be distinguished by the color of the apex of the antennae (whitish and are more sharp in Z. transalpina, black in Z. filipendulae).[6] Moreover, in Z. transalpina, the spot 6, when present, is clearly separated from stain 5 and even the spot 3 and 4 are more distant than in Z. filipendulae.[7]

Biology[edit]

Adults are on wing from the end of May to August in one generation per year.[5]

The larvae feed on the leaves of Hippocrepis comosa and sometimes Coronilla varia and Lotus corniculatus.[5] Larvae can be found from August, after overwintering, to June of the following year.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]