Zygmunt Klemensiewicz

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Zygmunt Aleksander Klemensiewicz (24 April 1886 – 25 March 1963) was a Polish physicist and physical chemist.[1] Early in his career (working for Fritz Haber in Karlsruhe), he made a pioneering contribution to the development of the glass electrode.[2]

Life and career[edit]

Klemensiewicz was born in Kraków. His father, Robert, was a teacher of history and geography and a headmaster of a secondary school. From 1892 the family lived in Lwów, where he finished polish gymnasium, and in the years of 1904-1908 had been studying chemistry, physics, and mathematics at the Lwów University. In the years 1913 - 1914, he worked with Marie Curie in Paris. In 1920 - 1940, he was an ordinary professor of physics and electronics at the Lwów Polytechnic. In years 1940 to 1942, he was in Kazakhstan (deported), then Iran, Egypt, and Great Britain (1944 till 1956). From 1956, he was a professor at the Silesian University of Technology in Gliwice.

Klemensiewicz was also an accomplished mountaineer and skier,[3] author of the first Polish-language manual on mountain climbing[4] (1913), co-founder and vice-president (1922–1939) of Polish Skiing Association (pl:Polski Związek Narciarski). He died, aged 76, in Gliwice.


  1. ^ Stanisław Brzozowski, Józef Szpilecki, Zygmunt Aleksander Klemensiewicz, in: Polski Słownik Biograficzny, volume XII, 1966-1967.
  2. ^ F. Haber und Z. Klemensiewicz. Über elektrische Phasengrenzkräft. Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie. Leipzig. 1909 (Vorgetragen in der Sizung der Karlsruher chemischen am 28. Jan. 1909).
  3. ^ Page on Klemensiewicz in the Encyclopedia of Polish Center of Mountain Tourism of PTTK (in Polish)
  4. ^ Z. Klemensiewicz, "Zasady Taternictwa", Publisher: Sekcja Turystyczna Towarzystwa Tatrzanskiego. Lwow, 1913." (www access, in Polish)