Zygmunt Zaremba

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Zygmunt Zaremba as a witness during court proceedings (Brest trials) 1931

Zygmunt Witalis Zaremba (1895, Piotrków, Poland – October 5, 1967, Sceaux near Paris, France), pseudonyms Andrzej Czarski (Czerski), Wit Smrek, was Polish socialist activist and publicist.

Biography[edit]

Zaremba was member of the Youth Association for Progress and Independence (Związek Młodzieży Postępowo-Niepodległościowej; 1911), Polish Socialist Party - Opposition (Polska Partia Socjalistyczna - Opozycja; 1912–1914), then member of the Polish Socialist Party (Polska Partia Socjalistyczna) and its Central Executive Committee (Centralny Komitet Wykonawczy; 1917–1918).

Since 1918 he stayed in Poland. Then, he was member of Polish Socialist Party authorities – Supreme Council (Rada Naczelna; 1919–1939) and Central Executive Committee (1921–1924, 1926–1939). During the years of 1921–1924 he was a vice-president of its Supreme Council.

In the years of 1922–1935 Zaremba was a deputy of a Sejm. During the Invasion of Poland (1939) he organised the Robotnicza Brygada Obrony Warszawy. Zaremba was a co-founder of conspiratory Polish Socialist Party - Freedom-Equality-Independence (PPS - Wolność-Równość-Niepodległość) and its administration member. In the years of 1944–1945 representative of the Council of National Unity (Rada Jedności Narodowej). In 1946 he moved to Paris, where he became a president of the Central Committee (Rada Centralna) of the Polish Socialist Party. In 1949 he co-founded Political Council (Rada Polityczna) in London. He was a president and co-founder of the International Socialist Office and then, until 1964, president of the Central-East Socialist Europe Union.

Zaremba was a co-author of Program Polski Ludowej (1941). He was an editor of party-press Robotnik, Pobudka, Związkowiec. Also an editor of Światło (1947–1959) and Droga (1959–1960).

Notable works[edit]

  • Czerski, Andrzej (1930). Od Borysowa do Rygi. 
  • —. (1932). Racjonalizacja - kryzys - proletariat. 
  • —. (1933). PPS w Polsce niepodległej (1918-1932). 
  • —. (1939). Obrona Warszawy. 
  • —. (1940). Obrona Warszawy. London. 
  • —. (1944). Powstanie sierpniowe. 
  • —. (1952). Les transformations sociales en Pologne. Paris. 
  • —. (1957). Wojna i konspiracja. London. 
  • —. (1965). Przemiany w ruchu komunistycznym. Paris. 
  • —. (1968). Wspomnienia. Pokolenie przełomu 1905-1919. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]