Zygomaticus major muscle

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Zygomaticus major
Muscles of the head, face, and neck. Zygomaticus major shown in red.
Originanterior of zygomatic
Insertionmodiolus of the mouth
Arteryfacial artery
Nervezygomatic and buccal branches of the facial nerve
Actionsdraws the angle of the mouth upward laterally
Latinmusculus zygomaticus major
Anatomical terms of muscle

The zygomaticus major muscle is a muscle of the face. It arises from either zygomatic arch (cheekbone); it inserts at the corner of the mouth. It is innervated by branches of the facial nerve (cranial nerve VII).

It is a muscle of facial expression which draws the angle of the mouth superiorly and posteriorly to allow one to smile. Bifid zygomaticus major muscle is a notable variant, and may cause cheek dimples.



The zygomaticus major muscle originates from the superior margin of the lateral surface of the temporal process of zygomatic bone,[1] just anterior to the zygomaticotemporal suture.[2]


It inserts at the corner of the mouth by blending with the levator anguli oris muscle, the orbicularis oris muscle, and the deeper muscular structures.[2]

Nerve supply[edit]

The muscle muscle receives motor innervation from the buccal branch and zygomatic branch of the facial nerve (CN VII).[2]


The muscle receives arterial supply from the superior labial artery.[2]


The zygomaticus major muscle may occur in a bifid form, with two fascicles that are partially or completely separate from each other but adjacent.[1][3] It is thought that cheek dimples are caused by bifid zygomaticus major muscle.[3]


The zygomaticus major muscle raises the upper lip to bare the upper teeth. It additionally deepens and raises the nasolabial furrow. Acting in conjunction with other muslces of facial expression that elevate the lip, it curls the upper lip to produce facial expressions such as smiling, disdain, contempt, or smugnes.[2]


The average muscle can contract with a force of 200 g.[4]

Clinical significance[edit]

The zygomaticus major muscle may be used in reconstructive surgery to replace lost tissue, such as with injuries to the lips.[5]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Sarilita, E.; Rynn, C.; Mossey, P.A.; Black, S. (2021-02-01). "Zygomaticus major muscle bony attachment site: a Thiel-embalmed cadaver study". Morphologie. 105 (348): 24–28. doi:10.1016/j.morpho.2020.06.009. ISSN 1286-0115. PMID 32807628. S2CID 221163238.
  2. ^ a b c d e Standring, Susan (2020). Gray's Anatomy: The Anatomical Basis of Clinical Practice (42th ed.). New York. p. 624. ISBN 978-0-7020-7707-4. OCLC 1201341621.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  3. ^ a b Pessa, Joel E.; Zadoo, Vikram P.; Garza, Peter A.; Adrian, Erle K.; Dewitt, Adriane I.; Garza, Jaime R. (1998). "Double or bifid zygomaticus major muscle: Anatomy, incidence, and clinical correlation". Clinical Anatomy. 11 (5): 310–313. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1098-2353(1998)11:5<310::AID-CA3>3.0.CO;2-T. PMID 9725574. S2CID 39003016.
  4. ^ Kim, Kyoung-Eun; Oh, Seung Ha; Lee, Shi-Uk; Chung, Sun G. (2009-10-01). "Application of isometric load on a facial muscle – The zygomaticus major". Clinical Biomechanics. 24 (8): 606–612. doi:10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2009.06.008. ISSN 0268-0033. PMID 19631428 – via ScienceDirect.
  5. ^ Lidhar, T.; Sharma, S.; Ethunandan, M. (2021-01-01). "Split zygomaticus major muscle sling reconstruction for significant lower lip defects". British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. 59 (1): 106–108. doi:10.1016/j.bjoms.2020.06.031. ISSN 0266-4356. PMID 32878716. S2CID 221477454 – via ScienceDirect.

External links[edit]