Zygophyllaceae

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Zygophyllaceae
Larrea tridentata 1.jpg
Larrea tridentata
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Zygophyllales
Family: Zygophyllaceae
R.Br.
Subfamilies

Larreoideae
Morkillioideae
Seetzenioideae
Tribuloideae
Zygophylloideae

Synonyms

Balanitaceae Endl. (1841)
Krameriaceae Dumort. (1829) (optional synonym)
Tribulaceae Trautv. (1853)[1]

Zygophyllaceae (/ˌzɡfəˈlsi, ˌzɪ-/[2]) is a family, of flowering plants, that contain the bean-caper and caltrop. The family includes around 285 species in 22 genera.[3]

In the APG III system of classification, the families Zygophyllaceae and Krameriaceae compose the order Zygophyllales. In the previous version of their classification system, the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group had included the option of placing Krameria within Zygophyllaceae.

Zygophyllaceae are divided into five subfamilies. A molecular phylogeny of the family was published in 2000.[4] Phylogenies of groups within the family have also been published. A phylogeny of the southern African species of Zygophyllum was published in 2008.

Peganum was in Zygophyllaceae before being moved to the newly created family Nitrariaceae.

King Clone, a Creosote bush (Larrea tridentata) in California, may be the oldest living organism.

Genera[edit]

Subfamily Larreoideae
Subfamily Morkillioideae
Subfamily Seetzenioideae
Subfamily Tribuloideae
Subfamily Zygophylloideae[10]
Unplaced

Systematics[edit]

Modern molecular phylogenetics suggest the following relationships:[4][10]

Zygophyllales

Krameriaceae (outgroup)

Zygophyllaceae
Morkillioideae

Sericodes

Viscainoa

Morkillia

Tribuloideae

Sisyndite

Neoluederitzia

Balanites

Kallstroemia

Tribulopis

Kelleronia

Tribulus

Seetzenioideae

Seetzenia

Larreoideae

Guaiacum

Porlieria

Bulnesia

Pintoa

Larrea

Zygophylloideae

Tetraena

Zygophyllum sensu stricto

Roepera

Augea

Melocarpum

Fagonia


References[edit]

  1. ^ "Zygophyllaceae R. Br., nom. cons". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2003-01-17. Retrieved 2009-09-25. 
  2. ^ "zygophyllaceous". Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House. 
  3. ^ Christenhusz, M. J. M. & Byng, J. W. (2016). "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase". Phytotaxa. Magnolia Press. 261 (3): 201–217. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.261.3.1. 
  4. ^ a b Sheahan MC, Chase MW. (2000). "Phylogenetic Relationships within Zygophyllaceae Based on DNA Sequences of Three Plastid Regions, with Special Emphasis on Zygophylloideae". Syst Bot. 25 (2): 371–384. doi:10.2307/2666648. JSTOR 2666648. 
  5. ^ Navarro G. (1997). "Izozogia nellii (Zygophyllaceae), nuevo género y especie del Gran Chaco de Santa Cruz (Bolivia)" [Izozogia nellii (Zygophyllaceae), a new genus and species from the Gran Chaco de Santa Cruz (Bolivia)]. Novon. 7 (1): 1–5. 
  6. ^ "Genera of Zygophyllaceae subfam. Larreoideae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2010-08-15. 
  7. ^ "Genera of Zygophyllaceae subfam. Morkillioideae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2010-08-15. 
  8. ^ "Genera of Zygophyllaceae subfam. Seetzenioideae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2010-08-15. 
  9. ^ "Genera of Zygophyllaceae subfam. Tribuloideae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2010-08-15. 
  10. ^ a b Beier, B.-A.; Chase, M. W. & Thulin, M. (2003), "Phylogenetic relationships and taxonomy of subfamily Zygophylloideae (Zygophyllaceae) based on molecular and morphological data", Plant Systematics and Evolution, 240 (1-4): 11–39, doi:10.1007/s00606-003-0007-0 
  11. ^ "Genera of Zygophyllaceae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2010-08-15. 

External links[edit]