Zyryanka, Sakha Republic

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Zyryanka (English)
Зырянка (Russian)
Зырянка (Yakut)
-  Urban-type settlement[1]  -
Зырянка 2008.jpg
Aerial view of Zyryanka
Map of Russia - Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (2008-03).svg
Location of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic in Russia
Zyryanka is located in Sakha Republic
Zyryanka
Zyryanka
Location of Zyryanka in the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic
Coordinates: 65°45′N 150°54′E / 65.750°N 150.900°E / 65.750; 150.900Coordinates: 65°45′N 150°54′E / 65.750°N 150.900°E / 65.750; 150.900
Герб Зырянки.gif
Flag of Zyryanka (Yakutia).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of June 2009)
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic[2]
Administrative district Verkhnekolymsky District[2]
Settlement Settlement of Zyryanka[2]
Administrative center of Verkhnekolymsky District,[2] Settlement of Zyryanka[2]
Municipal status (as of April 2012)
Municipal district Verkhnekolymsky Municipal District[3]
Urban settlement Zyryanka Urban Settlement[3]
Administrative center of Verkhnekolymsky Municipal District,[4] Zyryanka Urban Settlement[3]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 3,170 inhabitants[5]
Time zone MAGT (UTC+11:00)[6]
Founded 1937[citation needed]
Urban-type settlement status since 1940[2]
Postal code(s)[7] 678769, 678770
Zyryanka on Wikimedia Commons
Zyryanka population
2010 Census 3,170[5]
2002 Census 3,749[8]
1989 Census 6,687[9]
1979 Census 5,749[10]

Zyryanka (Russian: Зыря́нка; Yakut: Зырянка) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) and the administrative center of Verkhnekolymsky District in the Sakha Republic, Russia, on the left bank of the Kolyma River. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 3,170.[5]

History[edit]

It was founded in 1937 in connection with the development of coal deposits[citation needed] and was granted urban-type settlement status in 1940.[2]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, the urban-type settlement of Zyryanka[1] serves as the administrative center of Verkhnekolymsky District.[2] As an administrative division, it is incorporated within Verkhnekolymsky District as the Settlement of Zyryanka.[2] As a municipal division, the Settlement of Zyryanka is incorporated within Verkhnekolymsky Municipal District as Zyryanka Urban Settlement.[11]

Economy[edit]

Coal mining is central to the economy of the region.[12] Zyryanka is home to OAO Kolyma Shipping Company, which is engaged in coal transportation and importation of industrial goods and foodstuffs.

Transportation[edit]

Zyryanka is served by the Zyryanka Airport (main) and the Zyryanka West Airport (secondary).[13]

Climate[edit]

Zyryanka has a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc), with extremely cold winters and mild summers. Precipitation is quite low and is somewhat higher in summer than at other times of the year.

Climate data for Zyryanka
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −8.2
(17.2)
−5.0
(23)
2.6
(36.7)
13.9
(57)
27.0
(80.6)
33.8
(92.8)
36.5
(97.7)
33.0
(91.4)
26.5
(79.7)
15.0
(59)
−0.2
(31.6)
−5.0
(23)
36.5
(97.7)
Average high °C (°F) −33.0
(−27.4)
−29.2
(−20.6)
−18.4
(−1.1)
−5.7
(21.7)
8.3
(46.9)
18.4
(65.1)
20.6
(69.1)
16.4
(61.5)
8.2
(46.8)
−7.7
(18.1)
−24.1
(−11.4)
−32.0
(−25.6)
−6.52
(20.26)
Daily mean °C (°F) −36.1
(−33)
−33.4
(−28.1)
−24.4
(−11.9)
−11.4
(11.5)
3.8
(38.8)
13.6
(56.5)
15.7
(60.3)
11.9
(53.4)
4.1
(39.4)
−11.2
(11.8)
−27.3
(−17.1)
−35.0
(−31)
−10.81
(12.55)
Average low °C (°F) −40.5
(−40.9)
−39.1
(−38.4)
−32.6
(−26.7)
−19.9
(−3.8)
−2.4
(27.7)
7.6
(45.7)
10.1
(50.2)
6.6
(43.9)
−0.1
(31.8)
−15.4
(4.3)
−31.5
(−24.7)
−39.1
(−38.4)
−16.36
(2.56)
Record low °C (°F) −55.0
(−67)
−55.0
(−67)
−48.9
(−56)
−41.1
(−42)
−23.9
(−11)
−7.2
(19)
−11.0
(12.2)
−7.4
(18.7)
−18.0
(−0.4)
−36.1
(−33)
−52.2
(−62)
−57.2
(−71)
−57.2
(−71)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 21.6
(0.85)
14.7
(0.579)
9.6
(0.378)
7.4
(0.291)
11.6
(0.457)
29.3
(1.154)
47.3
(1.862)
37.4
(1.472)
27.5
(1.083)
20.6
(0.811)
21.4
(0.843)
17.6
(0.693)
266
(10.473)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 16.6 16.4 16.6 9.1 8.5 11.4 11.5 13.1 13.7 18.7 18.2 18.7 172.5
Average relative humidity (%) 81.1 81.0 76.9 72.1 66.2 67.7 71.7 79.3 80.5 85.3 85.4 82.4 77.47
Mean monthly sunshine hours 6.2 70.0 189.1 315.0 300.7 312.0 322.4 207.7 138.0 71.3 33.0 0.0 1,965.4
Source #1: climatebase.ru (1959–2011)[14]
Source #2: NOAA (precipitation only, 1961–1990)[15]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b According to Article 7 of the Law #77-I, lower-level administrative divisions with the status of a settlement have their administrative centers in an inhabited locality with the status of an urban-type settlement. According to the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic, Zyryanka is the administrative center of the Settlement of Zyryanka.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  3. ^ a b c Law #173-Z #353-III
  4. ^ Law #172-Z #351-III
  5. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России. (All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia.)". Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года (All-Union Population Census of 1979) (in Russian). Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. 1979. Retrieved 2008-11-25. 
  11. ^ Law #173-Z #353-III
  12. ^ Armstrong, Terence (June 9, 2011). The Northern Sea Route: Soviet Exploitation of the North East Passage. Cambridge University Press. p. 85. ISBN 978-0-521-23263-0. Retrieved December 21, 2015. 
  13. ^ "Zyryanka Airport". OurAirports. Retrieved January 20, 2013. 
  14. ^ "Zyrjanka, Russia". Climatebase.ru. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  15. ^ "Climate Normals for Zyrjanka". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 20, 2013. 

Sources[edit]

  • Official website of the Sakha Republic. Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic. Verkhnekolymsky District. (Russian)
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №172-З №351-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №1535-З №597-V от 27 ноября 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в статьи 1 и 2 Закона Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #172-Z No. 351-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #1535-Z No. 597-V of November 27, 2015 On Amending Articles 1 and 2 of the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №173-З №353-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №1058-З №1007-IV от 25 апреля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #173-Z No. 353-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #1058-Z No. 1007-IV of April 25, 2012 On Amending the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).